CO >- o: OU_164909>5 OSMANIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Author ntk <fl$ to r rhis book should be rccurneci on or before the elate last marked belo^ 'Abdu'1-Bahi Washington, D. C., 1912 Portals To Freedom By HOWARD COLBY IVES With Four Portraits of 'Abdu'l-Bahd and a picture of The Bahd'i House of Worship Issued in Commemoration of the 25th Anniversary of 'Abdu'l-Baha's Visit to the United States of America April to December, 1912 New York E. P. BUTTON & COMPANY Publishers COPYRIGHT, 1937, BY HOWARD COLBY IVES. ALL RICH IS RESERVED. PRINTED IN THE U. S. W. FIRST EDITION To SHOGHI EFFENDI The Grandson of 'ABDU'L-BAHA By Him Appointed Guardian of the Baha'i Faith and Head of the International House of Justice This book is lovingly dedicated TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction PAGE 13 Chapter One Chapter Tivo Chapter Three Chapter Four Chapter Five Chapter Six Chapter Seven Chapter Eight Retrospect. Spiritual Bankruptcy. A Dawn- ing Hope. The Golden Silence 1 8 The Glance that saved the World. A Divine Sincerity. The Masterly Teaching Method. 34 True Wealth, Power and Freedom. The Table of 'Abdu'1-Baha. Very Great Things. "Are you interested in Renunciation?" . . 50 The Attraction of Perfection. The Boys from the Bowery. A Black Rose and a Black Sweet 60 A Leaf in the Breeze of the Will of God. "My Throne is My Mat." Inscription in "The Seven Valleys." 69 The Reality and Essence of Brotherhood. "Cannot you serve him Once?" True Brotherhood due to the Breaths of the Holy Spirit. "O, you should have Seen Him!" . 80 An Eternal Bond. The Wedding. The need for Reformation of Laws pertaining to Di- vorce. The Laws of Baha'U'llah. Four Kinds of Love. The Children of the New Day 92 "The Most Perfect Gentleman I have ever known." The Master Teacher. The Spir- itual Warrior. A Fable. "It behooves you to manifest Light." The Gift. The First Tablet 114 7 Table of Contents PAGE Chapter Nine Chapter Ten The American Itinerary. The Power of the Spirit. "Her Highness the Cow." True Greatness. The Divine Teaching Method. 132 The Universe of Baha'U'llah. The Evolu- tion of Man. The Glory of Self-sacrifice. 149 Chapter Instruction in the Way of Life. What is Eleven Authority? The Science of the Love of God. .' 167 Chapter The New World Order. A Divine Civili- Tivelve zation. The Kingdom of God on Earth. . 175 Chapter Some Divine Characteristics. The Humil- Thlrteen ity of Servitude. The Station of True Man- hood 192 Chapter 'Abdu'l-Baha's Last Words in America. Fourteen Seven Distinctive Characteristics of the Teachings. Evidences of the New World Order 211 Chapter By their Fruits shall ye know them. Four Fifteen Tablets 229 Chapter Conclusion 250 Sixteen ILLUSTRATIONS 'ABDU'L-BAHA, WASHINGTON, D. C, 1912 Frontispiece 'ABDU'L-BAHA, WASHINGTON, D. C, 1912 Facing Page 84 THE BAHA'I HOUSE OF WORSHIP AT WILMETTE, ILLINOIS, ON LAKE MICHIGAN Facing Page 190 'ABDU'L-BAHA IN THE GARDEN OF BAHJI Facing Page 211 'ABDU'L-BAHA STANDING BEFORE HIS HOME HAIFA, PALESTINE Facing Page 248 Portals To Freedom INTRODUCTION "I ask Thee, O Ruler of Existence and King of Creation, to transmute the brass of existence into gold by the elixir of Thy Revelation and Wisdom: then reveal unto men by a comprehensive Book that which will enrich them by Thy Riches." Baha'U'llah. WHAT is that mystery underlying human life which gives to events and to persons the power of mutation, of transformation? If one had never before seen a seed, nor heard of its latent life, how difficult to believe that only the cold earth, the warm sun, the descending showers and the gardener's care were needed to cause its miraculous transformation into the growing form, the budding beauty, the intoxicating fragrance of the rose! Or who can understand the reason why a chance perusal of a book, the presence of a friend or the meeting with a stranger often alters a determined course of action, profoundly affects our attitude toward life, and, not seldom, so nearly reaches the roots of being and the springs of action that never after is life quite the same? It is as if some super-Luther Burbank had, by that 13 14 Portals To Freedom seemingly chance event, grafted into the branch of our crab-apple being the bud of the Tree of Knowl- edge, or into the bramble of the wilderness of human thought the rose of paradise. To this mystery of mysteries the philosophy of the schoolmen off ers no adequate explanation. We only know that it is a common experience of us all. The effort to- wards the description of this catalysis is the essence of all poetry; the abortive attempt to explain it is at the root of all philosophy, while the experience of it is the one cause underlying the transformation of human life and character. All history is its witness and every saint its justification. In offering to the reader this inadequate account of one such experience my only excuse is its totality, its all- inclusiveness, its grandeur. It is unique not because it is rare, since every contact of man with his fellow men demonstrates it, but because of its supremacy over other transforming contacts. One might liken it to the dif- ference in effect between touching a cold clod and the grasping of a galvanic battery: or the meeting with a debased criminal and the meeting with an Abraham Lincoln. To those who met 'Abdu'1-Baha in the summer of 1912, when He spent eight months in this country, such comparisons will seem highly inadequate. While to many that meeting did not convey more than a contact with personified dignity, beauty, wisdom and selflessness, and so led them, at least, to higher altitudes of thought and life, to hundreds of others that meeting was the door to Introduction 1 5 undreamed-of worlds; to a new, a boundless, an eternal life. We realize the difficulties faced in attempting to bring to the reader a quarter of a century later, the atmos- phere created by this meeting for those who had the eyes to see, the ears to hear and minds to comprehend, even slightly, the new and divine world opened before the eager and courageous feet. In fact to do so with any degree of accurate completeness is all but impossible. To those bred in the Christian tradition one might ask what would be the probable effect upon them if they could have been among the audience when the Sermon on the Mount was spoken, or if one of them, like John, could have reclined upon the breast of the Master. Without daring to suggest that the comparison is parallel, my own experience, when brought into close association with 'Abdu'1-Baha, was so overwhelming, so fraught with sen- sations suggesting an entrance into a new and super- mundane world, that I can think of no other comparison more adequate. I do not propose in relating these experiences to mini- mize my own reaction to this great experience by present- ing it with even the slightest suggestion of materialistic or pseudo-scientific explanations. It is my work to report as faithfully as possible what I saw and heard and experi- enced during these meetings and conversations. If at times the recounting flavors of a fancy bordering on the fantastic I may comfort myself with reflection on the possible terms applied to Peter, James and John, the fisher- men, when they attempted to describe to their fellow 1 6 Portals To Freedom laborers the effect which the Master's Presence had upon them. What epithets must the former lovers and associates of Mary Magdalene have applied to her! To me, a man of middle age, a Unitarian Clergyman, a student since youth of religions and philosophies, the experience had a disturbing quality somewhat cataclysmic. Why should this man be able so to upset all my pre- conceived notions and conceptions of values by His mere presence? Was it that He seemed to exude from His very being an atmosphere of love and understanding such as I had never dreamed? Was it the resonant voice, modu- lated to a music which caught the heart? Was it the aura of happiness touched at times with a sadness implying the bearing of the burden of all the sin and sorrow of the world, which always surrounded Him? Was it the com- mingled majesty and humility of His every gesture and word, which was perhaps His most obvious characteristic? How can one answer such questions? Those who saw and heard 'Abdu'1-Baha during those memorable months will share with me the sense of the inadequacy of words to communicate the incommunicable. At the time I met 'Abdu'1-Baha, in the Spring of 1912, He was sixty-eight years of age. Of these, twelve years had been spent in exile with His spiritual as well as physical Father, Baha'U'llah, in Bagdad, Constantinople and Adrianople. Then forty years, to a day, in the Turkish prison-fortress of 'Akka, ten miles from Mt. Carmel, on the coast of Palestine. Because of their staunch adherence to their faith in Baha'U'llah as the Manifestation of God, Introduction 1 7 'Abdu'1-Baha with about seventy others had sacrificed all that they had, preferring imprisonment and inward free- dom with Him to outward freedom and spiritual bondage without Him. With the overthrow of the tyrannous reign of 'Abdu'l Hamid, by the Young Turk Party in 1908, this long exile and imprisonment ended and that Voice and Presence was free to prove to the world what He had so completely demonstrated, that "The only prison is the prison of self." To what marvellous inner life of the spirit could be ascribed, I asked myself, the fact that this man, born of a long line of Persian nobility; accustomed to every luxury until his eighth year; followed by a half -century of exile, torture and prison life, could emerge into the modern world of Paris, London and New York and dominate every experience with a calm control of circumstance; a clarifying exposure of superficialities; a joyous love for all humanity which never condemned but with forgive- ness brought shame? It is with the hope that, to a degree, the following pages may approach an answer to this question that they are offered to the reader. 1 8 Portals To Freedom Chapter One RETROSPECT. SPIRITUAL BANKRUPTCY. A DAWNING HOPE. THE GOLDEN SILENCE. "O friend! The heart is a store of divine mysteries, make it not a receptacle for mortal thoughts, and consume not the capital of thy precious life by occupying thyself with this evanescent world. Thou art of the world of Holiness, attach not thy heart unto the earth. Thou art a denizen of the Court of Nearness, choose not an earthly home." Seven Valleys: Baha'U'llah. MY life divides itself, in retrospect, sharply in two. The years before I met 'Abdu'1-Baha look to me now much as the ten-year-old child might be imagined to regard his matrix life, assuming him capable of that keen vision. The comparison is apt, also, from another angle; for, just as a child of ten has still before him experiences of vast and unimagined heights and depths, splendor and shadow, so I, the twenty-five year old youth of the spirit, look back, indeed, upon the forty-six years of gestation, recognizing the fact of that necessity if birth were to occur, but beyond that fact knowing little or nothing of Portals To Freedom 1 9 the trivial causes which could lead to such effects. How much less, then, is it possible to estimate the future of the twice-born soul throughout unimaginable ages of life in all the worlds of God. If the wood in which the earthly sap flows briskly still is capable of such a flame, how great the conflagration when, freed from the laws of the world of nature, the fire kindled from the Sinaitic Tree becomes ablaze! Truly, birth of the body is a great event but, compared with the second birth, the first is only a feeble significance. The Fall and Winter of 191 1-12 is a period marked in my memory as months of great unhappiness. Life, in all that composed its deepest values, seemed to have left me high and dry on the banks of its swiftly-flowing stream. Outwardly all was well but that inward voice that adds, "All is well indeed,'' was silent. I know of no greater disappointment, no more terrible depression than that which comes to the sincere soul who, seeking God, finds Him not. For many years I had found myself unable to accept the conventional connotations of such words as God, Faith, Heaven, Hell, Prayer, Christ, Eternal Life, and others of so-called religious significance. In very early manhood I had come to grips with the goblins of super- stition masquerading as churchly creeds and had cast them out, but no satisfying, spirit-lifting convictions had come to take their places. Perhaps for ten years my thought life was frankly and positively agnostic. But these were great years nevertheless, for they were portals to freedom. But, alas, that freedom had failed to bring peace. I began to 20 Portals To Freedom suspect that freedom without a guide and teacher fell little short of anarchy. True, I still had the teachings and life of Jesus of Nazareth, and never had I failed in love for them. But I failed wofully in the practice of them. And even a casual glance at the lives around me and the civilization men called "Christian," convinced me that so far as any practical parallel between words and deeds were concerned there were few, if any, Christians in the world, and certainly no expressions of social, economic and national life worthy of such a name. Besides this objective fact, impossible to evade or deny, I was con- fronted by the even greater difficulty of the confused thought life created by years of scientific, philosophical and theological study and reading. In all these cross cur- rents of human speculation my frail skiff had all it could do to keep afloat and the struggling oarsman little hope of finding his desired haven by following any one of them. One day I found in the library of a village rector, where we were spending a summer's vacation, a volume of the works of William Ellery Charming. His sermon on the occasion of the ordination of Jared Sparks in Baltimore in 1 844 opened a new horizon. Perhaps one could be free and yet have a guide freely chosen! Thus began a period of about fifteen years of so-called liberal study, thought and preaching which, on the whole, cannot be said to have been fruitless years for work was sincerely done and doubtless, necessary lessons learned. But measured by those inner standards which from boyhood had subcon- sciously been cultivated, these were barren years. Was this to be the fruit of mystic dreams, of God- Portals To Freedom 2 1 ward yearnings, of passionate longings to aid just a little in the uplift of sorrowing humanity around me? To preach once a week; duly to make my parish round of calls on elderly spinsters and the sick to whom my visits were simply what I was paid to give; to build churches to hold a handful of people; never to forget the collection, for which lapse of memory my treasurer was always scolding me, and to fill in odd hours with reading of the latest modern philosophy in order to pass it on to my unsuspecting congregation with appropriate annotations, did this round of living contain the germs of that "Truth for which man ought to die"? Was it my own fault that I had missed the point and was I a fool in that I could not adjust myself to that definition of success which found its goal in a wealthy congregation, the whispered, "That was a mighty fine sermon," the annually increasing salary? Well, anyway, suffice it to say I was desperately un- happy. I had tried the orthodox scheme; I had tried to sail the uncharted sea of "I don't know"; I had tried the "Liberal Faith" and I found myself approaching spiritual bankruptcy. A balancing of Life's books showed me in debt to God and Man. It had not yet begun to dawn upon me that to be recreant to either was to be in arrears with both, and that spiritual insolvency is assured when free- dom of the mind is assumed to mean liberty to follow every will-o-the-wisp of human philosophy. It was in October of 1911 when there came to me those first stirrings of influences which were to change the course of my life. I picked up a copy of Everybody's 22 f artafo To Freedom Magazine from a casual bookstall and found therein a rather complete article concerning 'Abdu'l-BaM and His projected visit to America. I shall never forget the thrill this somewhat commonplace story gave me common- place, I mean, in comparison with the reality of that story as future months were to unfold it to me. Again I heard the inner voice which since very early youth has come to me again and again: "Come along up." I read and re-read the story. Here was a Man who had indeed found a Truth for which He was not only willing to die but had died, a thing death covering almost sixty years of torture, banishment and imprisonment, and who had seen many thousands of His followers willingly and joyfully face a martyr's death. And above all O happy marvel! here was a man who placed money where it belonged, beneath His feet. He never took up a collection! . I read and re-read that glorious and tragic story and filed it in my voluminous twenty-five volume scrap-book. There may have been a vague purpose in my mind of making that story the background of a sermon some day. To such human uses do we often put the skyey glimpses God vouchsafes us. Which is well; or would be if those celestial visions found utterance in our lives as well as through our lips. It may have been an indication of my spiritual unrest and sense of frustration that had prompted me some months before to organize in Jersey City what we called The Brotherhood Church. It had no affiliation with my regular denominational work. No salary was attached to its service. It tried to be in fact what its name indicated: a group of brothers of the spirit aiming to express their Portals To Freedom 23 highest ideals in service to struggling humanity. Our meetings were held in a large Masonic Hall every Sunday evening, since my suburban church held services only in the morning. How little one can estimate the great re- sults that may flow from even slight eff orts undertaken in a sincere spirit of service. It is hardly too much to say that had not this Church of Brotherhood (as 'Abdul- Bahd later called it) been inaugurated and carried on for a few brief months, the Sun of Reality might not have risen for me for many years, if ever, upon this little planet. For one of the members of the Board of Trustees was a man whom I had grown to respect and love deeply. His health was none too good and he suffered, at intervals all too short, from blinding headaches, indicating a pathological condition which, a few months later, carried him from this world. His nature was one of the humblest and sweetest I have ever known. None was too lowly or too poor to be denied his understanding love; none too casual an acquaintance to make him hesitate to seek to find and touch with healing art, the hidden springs of sorrow and distress which all conceal. His tact seemed never failing and his faith in human greatness boundless. He had no money, or little, to give. He had more, the key of universal love which unlocks every heart. This friend, Mr. Clarence Moore, came to me one Sun- day evening just before the service was to begin and handed me some notes, saying: "I am not feeling well enough to stay this evening for I am very tired with some work I have been doing and in connection with which I want to ask your assistance." "How can I help?" I said. "Well," he responded, "you know I have been to some extent interested in a world-wide movement which seems to have great spiritual and social significance. Friends of mine have found in it much of value and inspiration which so far have seemed too high and deep for me to fathom and explore. It occurred to me that your knowledge and experience in such matters might assist me to a more just appreciation. So, this afternoon I attended one of the meetings of this group in New York and made some rather full notes with the idea of submitting them to you for your criticism and opinion." x I was dubious. There was no connection in my mind between this request and the magazine article I had lately read, and I hesitated more than a little. Oriental cults, Eastern philosophies, and the queer, supposedly idealistic movements of which there are so many, had never ap- pealed to me. But, of course, I thanked him and on my way home in the train that night I studied his notes care- fully. Interesting, I thought, heart-stirring a little, but that was about all except that I looked forward to further dis- cussion of them with my friend. Within a few days the mail brought to me an invitation to attend a "BaM'f Meeting" in New York at which a woman from London, England, was to speak. At once I connected this with my friend and his notes. He had evi- dently given my name to someone and with this result. I was disturbed. I had no desire to be drawn into any movement or interest which might distract my attention from my legitimate work. I was on the point of throwing I 1 came to know much later that this was just his characteristically humble and tactful way of enlisting my attention. He had long loved die teachings and his daily life was their application. Freedom 25 the card into the waste paper basket. Only the thought of Clarence, his selfless service, his friendship and love, deterred me. I could not refuse his request that I in- vestigate. So I went although it entailed an evening wasted, as I thought, and a mid-night return to my home which, in my then state of health, was a not inconsiderable hard- ship. How slight the occasion upon which often hang great and vital issues! Suppose that I had refused to go! Nay, suppose that Clarence had allowed his physical weakness, his need of rest that Sunday afternoon, to weigh too heavily against his desire to serve; if the material had overbalanced the spiritual in his mind that day I probably would not be writing these words twenty-five years later. Indeed, Sir Launfal to the contrary notwith- standing, Heaven is not given away, God cannot be had for the asking unless with that asking goes all that one has. I do not remember much of what happened at the meeting my first Baha'i meeting. There were readings of beautiful prayers, and I had a slight feeling of regret that they had to use a book. The friend from London talked, but nothing of what she said remains. No hymns, none of the religious trappings I had been accustomed to: but there was a spirit that attracted my heart. So when the meeting was over I asked the speaker if she could recommend someone who would come over to Jersey City and tell the story to my people. She introduced me to the chairman of the meeting, Mr. Mountf ort Mills, who, within a week or two, did give a talk in the Brotherhood Church. I remember his subject was The Divine Spring- time. One of my people sitting in front of me, for I sat in z6 Partafo To Freedom the audience during the address, seemed enthralled. She turned to me as we all rose to leave and said in a hushed voice: "There, indeed, is a man! " Her succeeding remarks indicated her meaning: A feeling of awe for the speaker and his subject. "If we could only be sure it were all true," she concluded. Then began a period of about three months upon which I now look back as the most remarkable of my life. The Divine Voice calling from on high seemed constantly ring- ing in my ears. Not that I was at all convinced of the truth underlying what I heard on every hand. In fact I did not understand half of what most of these people talked about. Sometimes I was definitely repelled and would try to put it all out of my mind. But it was no use. My heart was in a turmoil and yet incredibly attracted. The chairman, who had given the address in the Brother- hood Church, devoted much time to me, 'why I was at a loss to understand. At his home I met several of the Baha'f friends. And here I received my first copy of The Seven Valleys by Baha'U'llah. I read it on my way home that night and it stirred me beyond measure. Not one word in ten did I understand but doors seemed to be open- ing before me. It was like a leit motif from a heavenly opus of which the theme could not be guessed. Certain passages struck my heart like paeans from angelic choirs. Even The Hidden Words, by Baha'U'llah, given me a few days before, did not approach the core of my being as did this. I began going over almost weekly to meetings in New York. I met more of the "friends" as I heard them desig- Portals To Freedom 27 nated. They certainly expressed a type of friendship new to me. I bought all the books I could find and read, read, read constantly. I could hardly think of anything else. It reflected in my sermons so that my people remarked and spoke of it. Always I had written my sermons, rather priding myself on style and ratiocination. Suddenly that all dropped away. I found myself going into the pulpit with only the preparation of prayer and meditation. And what a new meaning began to attach itself to this word prayer! I had always prayed after a fashion, but since religion had become a "profession," public prayer pulpit prayer had to a great extent displaced personal devo- tions. I began vaguely to understand what communion might mean. But I was not happy. Strange to say I was more un- happy than ever. It seemed as though the very roots of my being were rent asunder. Perhaps, I thought, when 'Abdu'1-Baha arrives He will be able to calm my restless soul. Certainly none of the proponents of His cause could do it. I had tried them all. One day I was walking with Mountfort near his home on West End Ave. It was in February and the winter winds were chill. We walked briskly talking of the ever enthralling subject, 'Abdu'l-Baha's approaching visit; what He looked like; what effect His meeting had on souls; stories of contacts with Him in 'Akka and Paris. Impulsively I said: "When 'Abdu'1-Baha arrives I would like very much to have a talk with Him alone, without even an inter- preter." 28 Portals To Freedom He smiled sympathetically but remarked: "I fear you couldn't get very far without an interpreter, for 'Abdu'1-Baha speaks little English and you, I imagine, less Persian." I would not be dissuaded. "If He at all approaches in spiritual discernment what I hear and read of Him," I said, "we would get closer together, and I might have a better chance of understanding, even if no words were spoken. I am very tired of words," I concluded rather lamely. This was about six weeks before 'Abdu'1-Baha came, two months perhaps. We never referred to the subject again nor did Mountfort speak of my wish to anyone, as he afterwards assured me. Finally the day arrived. I did not go to the steamship wharf to meet Him but I did make an effort to get at least a glimpse of Him at a gathering specially arranged for Him at the home of Baha'i friends. A glimpse was all I succeeded in getting. The press of eager friends and curious ones was so great that it was difficult even to get inside the doors. I have only the memory of an impressive silence most unusual at such functions. In all that crowded mass of folk, so wedged together that tea drinking was almost an impossibility, though the attempt was made, there was little or no speech. A whispered word; a re- mark implying awe or love, was all. I strove to get where I could at least see Him. All but impossible. At last I managed to press forward where I could peep over a shoulder and so got my first glimpse of 'Abdu'1-Baha. He was seated. A cream colored fez upon His head from under which white hair flowed almost to His shoulders. Portals To Freedom 29 His robe, what little I could see of it, was oriental, almost white. But these were incidentals to which I could pay little attention. The impressive thing, and what I have never forgotten, was an indefinable aspect of majesty combined with an exquisite courtesy. He was just in the moment of accepting a cup of tea from the hostess. Such gentleness, such love emanated from Him as I had never seen. I was not emotionally disturbed. Remember that at that time I had no conviction, almost, I might say, little or no interest in what I came later to understand by the term His "Station." I was an onlooker at a scene concern- ing the significance of which I was totally ignorant. Yes, ignorant. What matter that I had read and prayed! My mind was attracted and my heart, but inner doors were shut and locked. No wonder that I was unhappy. But within my soul was an urge, a longing, that would not be stilled nor thwarted. What was it that these people around me had which gave to their eyes such illumination, to their hearts such gladness? What connotation did the word "wonderful" have to them that so often it was upon their lips? I did not know, but I wanted to know as I think I had never known the want of anything before. The measure of that desire and the determination to discover may be indicated in that the very next morning, early, I was at the Hotel Ansonia where the friends had reserved rooms for Him a beautiful suite which 'Abdu'l- Baha used only a few days, removing to a simple apart- ment, and refusing with kindly dignity the urgent offer of the friends to meet any expense. He said that it was not the part of wisdom. 30 Portals To Freedom So before nine o'clock in the morning I was there, which meant, since I lived some distance from New York, an early start indeed. Already the large reception room was well filled. Evidently others also were conscious of a similar urge. I wondered if they too felt, as I, a burning in the breast. I remember as if it were yesterday the scene and my impressions. I did not want to talk to anyone. In fact I would not. I withdrew to the window overlooking Broad- way and turned my back upon them all. Below me stretched the great city but I saw it not. What was it all about? Why was I here? What did I expect from the coming interview: indeed how did I know there was to be any interview at all? I had no appointment. Plainly all these other folk had come expecting to see and talk with Him. Why should I expect any attention from such an evident personage? So I was somewhat withdrawn from the others when my attention was attracted by a rustling throughout the room. A door was opening far across from me and a group was emerging and 'Abdu'1-Baha appeared saying farewell. None had any eyes save for Him. Again I had the impression of a unique dignity and courtesy and love. The morning sunlight flooded the room to center on His robe. His fez was slightly tilted and as I gazed, His hand, with a gesture evidently characteristic, raised and, touch- ing, restored it to its proper place. His eyes met mine as my fascinated glance was on Him. He smiled and, with a gesture which no word but "lordly'' can describe, He beckoned me. Startled gives no hint of my sensations. Something incredible had happened. Why to me, a Mortals Lotreeaom 31 stranger unknown, unheard of, should He raise that friendly hand? I glanced around. Surely it was to someone else that gesture was addressed, those eyes were smiling! But there was no one near and again I looked and again He beckoned and such understanding love enveloped me that even at that distance and with a heart still cold a thrill ran through me as if a breeze from a divine morning had touched my brow! Slowly I obeyed that imperative command and, as I approached the door where still He stood, He motioned others away and stretched His hand to me as if He had always known me. And, as our right hands met, with His left He indicated that all should leave the room, and He drew me in and closed the door. I remember how sur- prised the interpreter looked when he too was included in this general dismissal. But I had little thought then for anything but this incredible happening. I was absolutely alone with 'Abdu'1-Baha. The halting desire expressed weeks ago was fulfilled the very moment that our eyes first met. Still holding my hand 'Abdu'1-Baha walked across the room towards where, in the window, two chairs were waiting. Even then the majesty of His tread impressed me and I felt like a child led by His father, a more than earthly father, to a comforting conference. His hand still held mine and frequently His grasp tightened and held more closely. And then, for the first time, He spoke, and in my own tongue: Softly came the assurance that I was His very dear son. What there was in these simple words that carried such 32 Portals To Freedom conviction to my heart I cannot say. Or was it the tone of voice and the atmosphere pervading the room, filled with spiritual vibrations beyond anything I had ever known, that melted my heart almost to tears? I only know that a sense of verity invaded me. Here at last 'was my Father. What earthly paternal relationship could equal this? A new and exquisite emotion all but mastered me. My throat swelled. My eyes filled. I could not have spoken had life depended on a word. I followed those masterly feet like a little child. Then we sat in the two chairs by the window: knee to knee, eye to eye. At last He looked right into me. It was the first time since our eyes had met with His first beckon- ing gesture that this had happened. And now nothing intervened between us and He looked at me. He looked at me! It seemed as though never before had anyone really seen me. I felt a sense of gladness that I at last was at home, and that one who knew me utterly, my Father, in truth, was alone with me. As He looked such play of thought found reflection in His face, that if He had talked an hour not nearly so much could have been said. A little surprise, perhaps, followed swiftly by such sympathy, such understanding, such over- whelming love it was as if His very being opened to receive me. With that the heart within me melted and the tears flowed. I did not weep, in any ordinary sense. There was no breaking up of feature. It was as if a long-pent stream was at last undammed. Unheeded, as I looked at Him, they flowed. He put His two thumbs to my eyes while He wiped the tears from my face; admonishing me not to cry, that Portals To Freedom 33 one must always be happy. And He laughed. Such a ringing, boyish laugh. It was as though He had discovered the most delightful joke imaginable: a divine joke which only He could appreciate. I could not speak. We both sat perfectly silent for what seemed a long while, and gradually a great peace came to me. Then 'Abdu'1-Baha placed His hand upon my breast saying that it was the heart that speaks. Again silence: a long, heart-enthralling silence. No word further was spoken, and all the time I was with Him not one single sound came from me. But no word was necessary from me to Him. I knew that, even then, and how I thanked God it was so. Suddenly He leaped from His chair with another laugh as though consumed with a heavenly joy. Turning, He took me under the elbows and lifted me to my feet and swept me into his arms. Such a hug! No mere em- brace! My very ribs cracked. He kissed me on both cheeks, laid His arm across my shoulders and led me to the door. That is all. But life has never been quite the same since. 34 Portals To Freedom Chapter Two THE GLANCE THAT SAVED THE WORLD. A DIVINE SINCERITY. THE MASTERLY TEACH- ING METHOD. "The authorized Interpreter and Exemplar of Bah 'LPllah's teachings was His eldest son *Abdu'l-Baha (Servant of Baha) who was appointed by His Father as the Center to whom all Baha'is, should turn for in- struction and guidance." Shoghi Effendi. TO estimate, even to imagine, the possibilities of the human soul is beyond man's thinking. "I am man's mystery and he is My mystery." And 'Abdu'l 7 Baha says that no man can know himself since it is impossible to look at oneself from without. 1 Because of this, and be- cause men commonly tend to accept a lower estimate of their own capacities rather than a higher, a certain heroism is essential to high attainment. This is true, of course, when the goal is a material one. It is not generally realized that it is much more true when the plane of seek- 1 See Baha'i Scriptures, p. 405. Portals To Freedom 35 ing is spiritual. To accept the dictum that nothing is too good to be true, and nothing is too high to be attained, requires a willingness to run counter to the accepted standards of men, who, as a rule, measure their ambitions by a quite different standard. After meeting 'Abdu'1-Baha life, as I have intimated, assumed a very different aspect. But in what that dif- ference consisted I could not then determine, and after these twenty-five years I cannot now fully determine, ex- cept that a goal had emerged from the mists surrounding worthy of supreme struggle and sacrifice. I began to see, dimly indeed but clearly enough to give me hope, that even if I could not know myself, I knew with certainty that heights far beyond ever before dreamed attainable lay before me and could be reached. This was all I knew but it was much. I remember saying to myself over and over: "At last the desire of my soul is in sight." I gazed at 'Abdu'1-Baha with a mixture of hope and despair. The world and I in turmoil and here was peace. He sat or stood, walked or talked in a world of His own, yet with beckoning hands to all who yearned and strove. It seemed to me that He stood at the heart of a whirlwind in a place of supreme quiet, or at the hypothetical perfectly still center of a rapidly revolving flywheel. I looked at this stillness, this quietude, this immeasurable calm in 'Abdu'l- Baha and it filled me with a restless longing akin to despair. Is it any wonder I was unhappy? For I was desperately unhappy. Was I not in the outer circle of that raging tornado? And to attain that Center of stillness meant the traversing of the storm. But to know there was a Center: 36 Portals To Freedom nay, to see One sitting calmly there, was a knowledge, a glimpse, never before attained. And so, another divine paradox: in my misery of doubting hope lay the first hint of divine assurance I had ever known. I remembered an- other arresting phrase in the Seven Valleys and said to myself: "Though I search for a hundred thousand years for the Beauty of the Friend I shall never despair for He will assuredly direct me into His way." 2 Not long after that great first experience with * Abdu'l- Baha I was again talking with Him. It was in the beautiful home of Mr. and Mrs. Kinney, a family of the friends who seemed to feel that the gift of all which they pos- sessed was too little to express their adoring love. Entering their home the roar of the city, the elegance and luxury of Riverside Drive, the poverty and wealth of our modern civilization all seemed to merge into a unity of nothing- ness and one entered an atmosphere of Reality. Those heavenly souls who thus demonstrated beyond any words their self-dedication had a direct influence upon my hesitating feet of which they could have had no suspicion. My heart throughout all worlds shall be filled with thank- fulness to them. In this home I had become a constant habitue. I could not keep away. One day 'Abdu'1-Baha, the interpreter and I were alone in one of the smaller reception rooms on the ground floor. 'Abdu'1-Baha had been speaking of some Christian doctrine and His interpretation of the words of 2 Seven Valleys by Baha 'U'lldh. Portals To Freedom 37 Christ was so different from the accepted one that I could not restrain an expression of remonstrance. I re- member speaking with some heat: "How is it possible to be so sure?" I asked. "No one can say with certainty what Jesus meant after all these centuries of misinterpretation and strife." He intimated that it was quite possible. It is indicative of my spiritual turmoil and my blind- ness to His station, that instead of His serenity and tone of authority impressing me as warranted it drove me to actual impatience. "That I cannot believe." I exclaimed. I shall never forget the glance of outraged dignity the interpreter cast upon me. It was as though he would say: "Who are you to contradict or even to question 'Abdu'l- Baha!" But not so did 'Abdu'1-Baha look at me. How I thank God that it was not! He looked at me a long moment before He spoke. His calm, beautiful eyes searched my soul with such love and understanding that all my momen- tary heat evaporated. He smiled as winningly as a lover smiles upon his beloved, and the arms of His spirit seemed to embrace me as He said softly that I should try my way and He would try His. It was as though a cool hand had been laid upon a fevered brow; as though a cup of nectar had been held to parched lips; as though a key had unlocked my hard- bolted, crusted and rusted heart. The tears started and my voice trembled, "Fm sorry," I murmured. Often since that day have I pondered on the tragic possibilities of the effect of an expression of the face. I 38 Portals To Freedom have even thought I should like to write a book on The Glance that Saved the World, taking as a theme the way Jesus must have looked upon Peter after the three-fold denial. What could that glance have carried to the fear- stricken, doubting, angry Peter? Surely not the self- righteous, dignified look in the eyes of the interpreter for 'Abdul-Baha. As surely it must have been something in the nature of the expression of all-embracing love, for- giveness and understanding with which 'Abdu'1-Baha calmed and soothed and assured my heart. Upon that glance which Jesus cast upon Peter as he went to the Cross probably hung the destinies of Chris- tianity. Had it not been one of forgiveness and love Peter would not have gone out and "wept bitterly." Neither, in all probability, would he have died a martyr to the Cause of Him whom he denied in that moment of angry fear. Is it too much to go one step further and assert that the destinies of the world hung upon that moment of time when the eyes of Peter and His Master met and he read therein not what his soul knew he deserved but what God's mercy conferred as a bounty on His part. Of one thing I am sure: upon that glance of 'Abdu'l- Baha, upon that moment in which He turned upon me the searchlight of His inner being, hung my destiny throughout all the ages of immortal life. And not only my own destiny, which, after all is of slight importance com- pared to the hope of the world, but the destiny of the uncounted millions who throughout the coming genera- tions of men are interwoven with mine. For any thought- ful mind looking back upon so many as three-score years, Portals To Freedom 39 must be amazed, if not horrified, by the consideration of the effect of a single careless gesture, word or a facial expression. Like a pebble cast into a calm pool the ripples from that little deed spread and spread to infinity. And, as they spread, they touch the ripples from tens, scores, thousands of others' deeds, expressions, gestures, thoughts; each affected by each until one becomes conscious of the vast responsibility each soul takes upon itself by the mere fact of acting his part, living his life through one little moment of time. He sees himself a king affecting for better or worse every soul in the world, sooner or later, by the very breath he draws, the thoughts of his inmost heart. Baha 'U'llah says somewhere that he who quickens one soul in this Day it is as if he quickened every soul in the world. Is not this His meaning? In all of my many opportunities of meeting, of listening to and talking with 'Abdu'1-Baha I was impressed, and constantly more deeply impressed, with His method of teaching souls. That is the word. He did not attempt to reach the mind alone. He sought the soul, the reality of every one He met. Oh, He could be logical, even scientific in His presentation of an argument, as He demonstrated constantly in the many addresses I have heard Him give and the many more I have read. But it was not the logic of the schoolman, not the science of the class room. His lightest word, His slightest association with a soul was shot through with an illuminating radiance which lifted the hearer to a higher plane of consciousness. Our hearts burned within us when He spoke. And He never argued, of course. Nor did He press a point. He left one free. 40 Portals To Freedom There was never an assumption of authority, rather He was ever the personification of humility. He taught "as if offering a gift to a king." He never told me what I should do, beyond suggesting that what I was doing was right. Nor did He ever tell me what I should believe. He made Truth and Love so beautiful and royal that the heart perforce did reverence. He showed me by His voice, manner, bearing, smile, how I should be, knowing that out of the pure soil of being the good fruit of deeds and words would surely spring. There was a strange, awe-inspiring mingling of humility and majesty, relaxation and power in His slightest word or gesture which made me long to understand its source. What made Him so different, so immeasurably superior to any other man I had ever met? It was to be expected that the spiritual turmoil in which my life was now submerged should have a deep effect upon the duties of my ministry. My ideals began to change almost from the moment of my first contact with 'Abdu'l- Baha. I remember that the dearly loved young wife of one of the members of my church was suddenly taken ill about this time. I had then been under this clivine in- fluence only a few weeks. I was not a Baha'i. I did not accept Baha'U'llah as the Manifestation of God. I knew very little of what I heard spoken of as the "station" of 'Abdu'1-Baha. But I was enthralled with the vision of a spiritual beauty, a hope of spiritual attainment which drew me as with cords of steel. I read the Hidden Words, the Seven Valleys, the Book of Assurance* the beautiful prayers, constantly. So when this friend came to me as a Boote by Baha'U'llah. ______ _ Portals To Freedom 41 his minister and with tears asked me to pray for the recovery of his wife, saying that his physician held out little hope, that she was daily growing weaker and that his only hope was in the goodness of God, I instinctively turned to the healing prayers in the Baha'i prayer book. Together we nine times repeated: "O my Lord! Thy Name is her healing. Thy remem- brance is her remedy. To be near Thee is her hope and Thy love is her joyous companion. Thy mercy is her need and her aid in this world and in the worlds to come. Thou art the Giver, All-knowing and Wise." 4 The husband knew nothing, or very little, of the Baha'i Cause. I certainly had made no effort to explain the teach- ings to him. It was all too new to me to permit of that. I marvelled at the time, or immediately after, at my temerity and at his unhesitating and grateful acceptance of the prayers. Perhaps it was with his tongue in his cheek though he was distraught enouga to grasp at any hope. Of that I can know nothing, but I do know that his wife's recovery dated from that hour and she was soon well. I speak of this only as an illustration of the new relation- ships with souls that began at this time. When Christ said to His fisher disciples: "Follow Me and I will make you fishers of men," He must have meant that "following" to be a matter of spiritual consciousness out of which flows loving deeds. As though He would say: "Be like Me and 4 One of the Healincr Pravers revealed bv Baha 'U'llah. 42 Portals To Freedom men will love you as they love Me, and you will be able to serve men as I have served you." At any rate that is what 'Abdu'1-Baha was constantly showing me, that the only way I could teach men the Way of Life was by walking therein myself. "I am the Way." I asked 'Abdu'1-Baha one day: "Why should I believe in Baha'U'llah?" He looked long and searchingly as it seemed into my very soul. The silence deepened. He did not answer. In that silence I had time to consider why I had asked the question, and dimly I began to see that only I myself could supply the reason. After all, why should I believe in anyone or anything except as a means, an incentive, a dynamic for the securing of a fuller, deeper, more perfect life? Does the cabinet-maker's apprentice ask himself why he should believe in the master wood-worker? He wants to know how to make these raw materials into things of beauty and usefulness. He must believe in anyone who can show him how to do that, providing he first has faith in his own capacity. I had the stuff of life. Was Baha'U'llah the Master Workman? If He were I knew that I would follow, even though through blood and tears. But how could I know? I wondered why 'Abdu'1-Baha kept silence so long. Yet was it silence? That stillness held more than words. At last He spoke. He said that the work of a Christian minister is most important. When you preach, or pray, or teach your people your heart must be filled with love for them and love for God. And you must be sincere, very sincere. Portals To Freedom 43 He spoke in Persian, the interpreter translating fluently md beautifully. But no one could interpret that Divine Voice. He spoke, indeed, as never mere man spake. One istened entranced and understood inwardly even before :he interpreter opened his mouth. It was as though the English skimmed the surface: the voice, the eyes, the smile }f 'Abdu'1-Baha taught the heart to probe the depths. He continued, to the effect that: One can never be sincere enough until his heart is entirely severed from attachment to the things of this world. One should not preach love and have a loveless heart, nor preach purity and harbor impure thoughts. Nor preach peace and be at inward strife. He paused and added with a sort of humorous sadness: that He had known ministers who did this. My guilty conscience acquiesced. So had I. It was not until many months later that I realized that He had answered my question. Certainly I was brought learer to faith in Baha'U'llah as Life's Master Workman. Surely this was a glorious hint as to how the stuff of life could be made into things of beauty and worth. Just for an instant I touched the Garment of His Majesty. But only for an instant. The doors swung quickly to again and left me out. These days and weeks of alternating light and darkness, hope and despair were black indeed. Yet, strange to say, I gloried in the depths. They were at least real. For the first time I realized the value, the imperative 44 Portals To Freedom need, of spiritual suffering. The throes of parturition must always precede birth. I remember as though it were yesterday another illus- tration of 'Abdu'l-Baha's divine technique. I was not at all well that summer. A relapse was threatening a return of a condition which had necessitated a major operation the year before. My nervous condition made me consider breaking the habit of smoking which had been with me all my adult life. I had always prided myself on the ability to break the habit at any time. In fact I had several times cut off the use of tobacco for a period of many months. But this time to my surprise and chagrin I found my nerves and will in such a condition that after two or three days the craving became too much for me. Finally it occurred to me to ask the assistance of 'Abdu'1-Baha. I had read His beautiful Tablet beginning: "O ye pure friends of God!" in which He glorified per- sonal cleanliness and urged the avoidance of anything tending towards habits of self-indulgence. "Surely,!' I said to myself, "He will tell me how to overcome this habit." So, when I next saw Him I told Him all about it. It was like a child confessing to His mother, and my voice trailed away to embarrassed silence after only the fewest of words. But He understood, indeed much better than I did. Again I was conscious of an embracing, understand- ing love as He regarded me. After a moment He asked quietly, how much I smoked. I told him. He said He did not think that would hurt me, that the men in the Orient smoked all the time, that their hair and Portals To Freedom 45 beards and clothing became saturated, and often very offensive. But that I did not do this, and at my age and having been accustomed to it for so many years He did not think that I should let it trouble me at all. His gentle eyes and smile seemed to hold a twinkle that recalled my impression of His enjoyment of a divine joke. I was somewhat overwhelmed. Not a dissertation on the evils of habit; not an explanation of the bad effects on health; not a summoning of my will power to overcome desire, rather a Charter of Freedom did He present to me. I did not understand but it was a great relief for some- how I knew that this was wise advice. So immediately that inner conflict was stilled and I enjoyed my smoke with no smitings of conscience. But two days after this conversation I found the desire for tobacco had entirely left me and I did not smoke again for seven years. Love is the Portal to Freedom. This great truth began to dawn upon me. Not only freedom to the one who loves but freedom also to the one upon whom this divine love is bestowed. I have mentioned several times the impression He always made upon ftie of an all-embracing love. How rarely we receive such an impression from those around us, even from our nearest and dearest, we all know. All our human love seems based upon self, and even its highest expression is limited to one or to a very few. Not so was the love which radiated from 'Abdu'1-Baha. Like the sun it poured upon all alike and, like it, also warmed and gave new life to all it touched. In my experience in the Christian ministry I had been accustomed often to speak of the Love of God. All 40 Portals To Freedom through my life since, as a boy of fifteen I had experienced the thrilling gift of "conversion," so-called (in which, literally, the heavens had opened, a great light shone and a Voice from the world unseen called me to renunciation and the life of the spirit), I had heard and spoken much of the Love of God. I now realized that I had never before even known what the words meant. About this time I first heard the now familiar story of 'Abdu'l-Baha's answer to one who asked Him why it was that those who came from His presence possessed a shin- ing face. He said, with that sublime smile and humble gesture of the hands which once seen may never be for- gotten, that if it were so it must be because He saw in every face the face of His Heavenly Father." Ponder this answer. Deeply search the depths of these simple words, for here may be discerned the meaning of the "Love of God" and the cause of Its transforming power. One may readily understand why the lover's face should glow with heavenly radiance. Surely one's whole being would be transformed once the Lamp of Cosmic love were ignited in the heart. But why should It cause the face of the seeker, the estranged, the sinful, upon whom the love is turned, also to become radiant? We find the answer in another of 'Abdu'l-Baha's com- prehensive, authoritative sayings: "Dost thou desire to love God? Love thy fellow men, for in them ye see the image and likeness of God." 5 But it requires the penetrating eye of a more than personal, individual, limited, love to see God's Face in 6 Divine Art of Living, p. 115. Portals To Freedom 47 the face of saint and sinner alike. Must it not require, to some degree at least, that all-embracing love which Christ showered upon all alike, to enable us to see the Face of our Heavenly Father reflected in the faces of our brother men? This must be what our Lord meant when He said: "A new commandment I give unto you that ye love one another as I have loved you." A new commandment indeed, and how basely neglected let the condition of our pseudo-Christian civilization bear witness. About this time I was present at an interview sought by a Unitarian clergyman, who was preparing an article on the Baha'i Cause for the North American Review. Here again I saw this universal, cosmic love illustrated. This minister was quite advanced in age. He has since passed from this world and now, we may hope, has a clearer vision of the Reality of Love and Truth than he seemed to have discovered here. It was incredible to me, even then, that any soul could be so impervious to the influence emanating from 'Abdu'1-Baha. The Master sat quite silent throughout the interview, listening with un- wearied attention to the long hypothetical questions of the reverend doctor. They related entirely to the history of the Baha'i Cause; its early dissensions; its relation to the Muhammaden priesthood and teachings. 'Abdu'1-Baha answered mainly in monosyllables. He never flagged in interest but it seemed to be more an interest in the ques- tioner than in his questions. He sat perfectly relaxed, His hands in His lap with palms upward, as was characteristic 48 Portals To Freedom of Him. He looked at the interviewer with that inde- scribable expression of understanding love which never failed. His face was radiant with an inner flame. The doctor talked on and on. I grew more and more impatient. I was ashamed of and for him. Why did not 'Abdu'1-Baha recognize the superficial nature underlying all these questions? Could He not see that their object was only to gain substantiation for a critically adverse maga- zine article for the writing of which a substantial check might be anticipated? Why was not the interview cut short and the talker dismissed? But if others in the group grew impatient 'Abdu'1-Baha did not. He encouraged the doctor to express himself fully. If the speaker flagged for a moment 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke briefly in reply to a ques- tion and then waited courteously for him to continue. At last the reverend doctor paused. There was silence for a moment and then that softly resonant voice filled the room. Sentence by sentence the interpreter translated. He spoke of "His Holiness Christ," of His love for all men, strong even unto the Cross; of the high station of the Christian ministry "to which you, my dear son, have been called"; of the need that men called to this station should "characterize themselves with the characteristics of God" in order that their people should be attracted to the divine life, for none can resist the expression in one's life of the attributes of God. It is a key which unlocks every heart. He spoke, too, of the coming Kingdom of God on earth for which Christ had told us to pray and which, in ac- cordance with His promise, Baha'U'llah, the Father, had come to this world to establish. Within five minutes His questioner had become Portals To Freedom 49 humble, for the moment, at least, a disciple at His feet. He seemed to have been transported to another world, as indeed we all were. His face shone faintly as though he had received an inner illumination. Then 'Abdu'1-Baha rose. We all rose with Him in body as we had risen with Him in spirit. He lovingly embraced the doctor and led him towards the door. At the threshold He paused. His eyes had lighted upon a large bunch of American Beauty roses which one of the friends had brought to Him that morning. There were at least two dozen of them, perhaps three. There were so many and their stems so long that they had been placed in an earthenware umbrella stand. We all had noticed their beauty and fragrance. No sooner had 'Abdu'l-Baha's eyes lighted upon them than He laughed aloud; His boyish hearty laughter rang through the room. He stooped, gathered the whole bunch in His arms, straightened and placed them all in the arms of His visitor. Never shall I forget that round, bespectacled, grey head above that immense bunch of lovely flowers. So surprised, so radiant, so humble, so transformed. Ah! 'Abdu'1-Baha knew how to teach the Love of God! 50 Portals To Freedom Chapter Three TRUE WEALTH, POWER AND FREEDOM. THE TABLE OF 'ABDU'L-BAHA. VERY GREAT THINGS. "ARE YOU INTERESTED IN RENUNCIATION?" "O God! Illumine the eyes and the hearts of Thy servants with the Light of Thy Knowledge, that they may know of this: the Highest Station and Glorious Horizon, that , they may not be withheld by false voices from beholding the effulgence of the Light of Thy Oneness, nor prevented from turning unto the horizon of Renunciation." Baha'U'llah. THE home to which I have before referred, where 'Abdu'1-Baha spent most of His time during His stay in New York, was the rendezvous of all the friends, and at all times, day or night, there they could be found clustering like bees around the celestial flower garden. One beautiful Spring day I dropped in there drawn by the same attraction. One cannot help making the attempt toward analyzing the reason for this attraction, futile though it may be. Portals To Freedom 5 1 Would it be possible for the moth to determine why it hovers around the candle, even though its wings be singed? Or for one to say why the cold earth of Spring responds with beauty and abundance to the bounty of the sun? To man, however, is given intelligence denied to bee and soil. The miner knows why he toils for gold or precious stones. The diver knows why he braves the depths to seek the pearl. They bear in their minds the vision of the good things of life represented by the treas- ure they seek. The imagination of the lonely prospector is stirred by the dream of the vast fortune which his probing pick may at any moment uncover. The wealth of sea and mine and market-place represent to men power, leisure, freedom; and these they ardently desire. Yet here in this Man I saw personified such power, such leisure, such freedom as no material wealth ever confers upon its possessor. None of the outward appurtenances of material wealth did He possess. All His life had been spent in prison and exile. He bore still upon His body the marks of man's cruelty, yet there were no signs of His ever having been other than free, and evidently it was a freedom which no earthly wealth ever bestows. And He seemed never to be hurried. Amidst the rushing tur- moil of New York He walked as calmly as if on a lofty plateau, far removed from the tumult and the shouting. Yet He never stood aloof. Always His interest in people and events was keen, especially in people. Souls was the term He always used. He was ever at the service of any or all who needed Him. From five o'clock in the morning frequently until long after midnight He was actively engaged in service, yet no evidence of haste or stress ever 52 Portals To Freedom could be seen in Him. "Nothing is too much trouble when one loves," He had been heard to say, "and there is always time." Is it any wonder that we were attracted? But for me the attraction was not enough. I was like the prospector drawn by visions of wealth to seek its fabulous source. Just a sip of that celestial wine had caused to spring up in my heart a passionate desire to seek the Holy Grail. It was mid-afternoon when I arrived at the house, for I had purposely timed my arrival so that it should not be at the luncheon hour, for hospitable as were the souls of these dedicated ones, and however flexible their dining table, I knew the size of their household and the great number of probably uninvited, but always welcome, guests. There were many bees. But I had not counted on the irregularity of 'Abdu'l-Baha's meal times and now, at half-past three or four o'clock in the afternoon I heard, as I softly ascended the stairway, the unmistakable sounds of a large group busy in the dining room. The last thing I desired was to walk in upon such a gathering unex- pectedly, so I very quietly crept through the upper hall and through the drawing room into a little alcove as far from the dining room as I could get. I am very sure that no one saw me. But I had no sooner picked up a maga- zine and settled myself to wait patiently until the meal should be over, than 'Abdu'l-Baha's ringing, challenging voice pealed like a bell through the large rooms. He called my name: "Mr. Ives, Mr. Ives, come, come." There could be no hesitation when He summoned, but as I rose Portals To Freedom 53 and walked slowly back into the long dining room, set T-shape to the drawing room, I was amazed, wondering how He could have known so surely and so quickly that I was there. There had been no opportunity for Him to have been told, and, anyhow I had let myself in at the unlocked door and, as I have said, no one had seen me ascend the stairs. Yet here I was evidently an expected, if not an invited guest. Even a place was there for me, at any rate I have no remembrance of any of the usual fuss of "setting a place." 'Abdu'1-Baha embraced me and set me at His right hand. It is most difficult to describe at all adequately such an experience in such a Presence without becoming rhapsodi- cal. There were perhaps thirty people at the table and such joyous exultation was on every face that the whole room seemed strangely vibrant. 'Abdu'1-Baha served me with His own hands most bountifully, urging me to eat, eat, be happy. He himself did not eat but paced regally around the table, talking, smiling, serving. He told stories of the East, His hands gesturing with that graceful, rhythmic, upward motion so characteristic and so in- describable. I had no desire for food, at least not for the food on my plate, but 'Abdu'1-Baha was insistent, repeat- ing that I must eat; that it was good food, good food. And His laughter seemed to add a divine significance to the words. A phrase I had read somewhere in the writings came into my mind: "The cup of significances passed by the Hand of the Divine Servant." What was this food served at the table of 'Abdu'1-Baha? Of course I must eat. And I did. 54 Portals To Freedom It was not many days after that when there occurred one of the most poignantly remembered incidents. Ever since I had first read a sentence in the "Prayer for In- spiration" it had rung in my mind with insistent question- ing. "Prevent me not from turning to the Horizon of renunciation." What has renunciation to do with inspira- tion? I wondered. Why should I pray for the gift of renunciation? Renounce the world? That was an ascetic concept. It smacked of papacy and the monkish cell. What had this modern world to do with renunciation? Yet across the ages came a Voice. "If a man love father or mother, wife or child more than Me he is not worthy of Me." My mind rebelled but my heart responded. I thank God for that. I resolved that I must know more of this matter. So one cold Spring day, a strong east wind blowing, I made a special journey to ask 'Abdu'1-Baha about renunciation. I found the house at Ninety-sixth Street almost deserted. It seemed that 'Abdu'1-Baha was spend- ing a day or two at the home of one of the friends on Seventy-eighth Street and so I walked there and found Him on the point of returning to the home I had just left. But I was too intent on my mission to allow difficulties to interfere. I sought one of the Persian friends and, point- ing to the passage in the little volume I carried in my pocket, I asked him if he would request 'Abdu'1-Baha to speak to me for a few moments on this subject, and I read it to him so that there should be no mistake: "Prevent me not from turning to the Horizon of renunciation." Returning, he handed me the book saying that 'Abdu'l- Portals To Freedom 55 Baha requested that I walk with Him back to Ninety- sixth Street and He would talk with me on the way. I recall that there was quite a little procession of us, a dozen or so, mostly composed of the Persian friends but a few others; Lua Getsinger was one, I remember. The east wind was penetrating. I buttoned my coat closely with a little shiver. But 'Abdu'1-Baha strode along with his 'aba (cloak) floating in the wind. He looked at me as we walked together at the head of the little group, with a slightly quizzical glance: He said that I seemed cold, a slightly amused glance accompanying the words, and I unaccountably felt a little disturbed. Why should I not feel cold? Could one be expected to live even above the weather? But this slight remark was indicative. Always His slightest word affected me as a summons. "Come up higher!" He seemed to say. As we walked a few paces ahead of the others He talked at length about Horizons. Of how the Sun of Reality, like the physical sun, rose at different points, the Sun of Moses at one point, the Sun of Jesus at another, the Sun of Muhammad, the Sun of Baha'IPllah at still others. But always the same Sun though the rising points varied greatly. Always we must look for the light of the Sun, He said, and not keep our eyes so firmly fixed on its last point of rising that we fail to see its glory when it rises in the new Spiritual Springtime. Once or twice He stopped and, with His stick, drew on the sidewalk an imaginary horizon and indicated the rising points of the sun. A strange sight it must have been to the casual passer-by. 56 Portals To Freedom I was greatly disappointed. I had heard Him speak on this subject and had read about it in "Some Answered Questions" It was not of horizons I wanted to hear, but of renunciation. And I was deeply depressed also because I felt that He should have known my desire for light on this subject, and responded to my longing even if I had not been so explicit in my request; but I had been most explicit. As we approached our destination He became silent. My disappointment had long since merged into a great content. Was it not enough to be with Him? What, after all, could He tell me about renunciation that was not already in my own heart? Perhaps the way to learn about it was by doing, and I might begin by giving up the longing to have Him talk to me about it. Truly, as the outer silence deepened, my heart burned within me as 'He talked with me on the way. We came at last to the steps leading up to the entrance door. 'Abdu'1-Baha paused with one foot resting on the lower step while the little group slowly passed Him and entered the house. 'Abdu'1-Baha made as if to follow, but instead He turned and, looking down at me from the little elevation of the step, with that subtle meaning in eyes and voice which seemed to accompany His slightest word, and which to me was always so unfathomable and so alluring: He said that I must always remember that this is a day of great things, very great things. I was speechless. It was not for me to answer. I did not have the faintest inkling of what lay behind the words, the resonant voice, that penetrating glance. Then He turned and again made as if to ascend but again He paused and turned His now luminous face towards me. Portals To Freedom 57 My foot was raised to follow but as He turned, I, of course, paused also and hung uncertainly between rest and motion. He repeated, saying to me so impressively, so earnestly, that I must never forget this, that this Is a day for very great things. What could He mean? What deep significance lay behind these simple words? Why should He speak so to me? Had it anything to do with that still alluring thought of renunciation? Again 'Abdu'1-Baha turned to ascend and I made to follow; but for the third time He paused and, turning, as it seemed, the full light of His spirit upon me, He said again, but this time in what seemed like a voice of thunder, with literally flashing eyes and emphatically raised hand: that I should remember His words that This is a Day for very great things VERY GREAT THINGS. These last three words rang out like a trumpet call. The long, deserted city block seemed to echo them. I was over- whelmed. I seemed to dwindle, almost to shrivel, where I stood, as that beautifully dominant figure, that com- manding and appealing voice, surrounded me like a sea, and blotted out for the moment, at least, all the petty world and my petty self with it. Who and what was I to be summoned to accomplish great things, very great things? I did not even know what things 'were great in this world awry with misbegotten emphases. After what seemed a very long moment, in which His burning eyes probed my soul, He gently smiled. The great moment had passed. He was again the courteous, kindly, humble host, the Father whom I thought I knew. 58 Portals To Freedom He touched His fez * so that it stood at what I called the humorous angle, and a slightly quizzical smile was around His mouth as He rapidly ascended the steps and entered the open door. I followed closely. We passed through the few steps of the hall to the stairs. I remember the wondering, slightly envious glances that followed me as I followed 'Abdu'1-Baha up the stairs. The upper hall was empty and 'Abdu'1-Baha swept through it and up another flight to His room, a large front room on the third floor. And still I followed. I have often marvelled since at my temerity. Had I known more or felt less I never should have dared. It is said that fools rush in where angels fear to tread. Perhaps that is the way that fools are cured of their folly. We came to the door of 'Abdu'l-Baha's room. He had not invited me there, nor had He looked once behind Him to see that I was following, and it was with much inward trepidation that I paused at the threshold as He entered the room. Would He be displeased? Had I overstepped the bounds of the respect due 'Abdu'1-Baha? Had I been lacking in due humility? But my heart was humility itself He must know that. He swung the door wide and turn- ing beckoned me in. Again I was alone with 'Abdu'1-Baha. There was the bed in which He slept, the chair in which He sat. The late afternoon sunlight lay palely across the floor, but I saw nothing. I was conscious only of Him and that I was alone with Him. The room was very still. No sound came from the street nor from the lower rooms. The silence deepened as He regarded me with that loving, all- 1 Head covering. Portals To Freedom 59 embracing, all-understanding look which always melted my heart. A deep content and happiness flooded my being. A little flame seemed lit within my breast. And then 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke: He simply asked me if I were in- terested in renunciation. Nothing could have been more unexpected. I had en- tirely forgotten the question which had so engrossed my thoughts an hour since. Or was it that in that hour during which the word renunciation had not been mentioned, all that I wished or needed to know about it had been vouchsafed me? I had no words to answer His question. Was I interested? I could not say I was and I would not say I was not. I stood before Him silent while His whole Being seemed to reach out to embrace me. Then His arm was around me and He led me to the door. I left His Presence with my soul treading the heights. I felt as though I had been admitted, for the moment at least, into the ranks of the martyrs. And it was a goodly fellowship indeed. During all the long years of renunciation that fol- lowed, the memory of that walk with Him; my disap- pointment that He had not understood; His ringing challenge: This is a Day for very great things: my fol- lowing Him up those long stairs without even knowing whether He wished me to or not, and then the question wrapped in that sublime love: Are you interested in renunciation? has risen before me, a comforting and in- spiring challenge. Indeed I 'was interested and my interest has never flagged from that day to this. But I never dreamed that renunciation could be so glorious. 60 Portals To Freedom Chapter Four THE ATTRACTION OF PERFECTION. THE BOYS FROM THE BOWERY. A BLACK ROSE AND A BLACK SWEET. "And finally there emerges, though on a plane of its own and in a category entirely apart from the one oc- cupied by the two Figures (the Bab and Baha'U'llah) that preceded Him, the vibrant, the magnetic personality of 'Abdu'1-Baha, reflecting to a degree that no man, however exalted his station, can hope to rival, the glory and power with which They who are the Manifestations of God are alone endowed." Shoghi Effendi. DURING one of the talks given by 'Abdu'1-Baha to a comparatively small group of the more intimate friends, I sat beside Him on a small sofa. For most of the hour, while He talked and answered questions, He held my hand in His or rested it lightly upon my knee. There flowed from Him to me during that marvelous contact a constant stream of power. The remembrance of this ex- perience has brought to me through the years, at higher moments of insight, thoughts difficult to express. "Words 1 i Seven Valleys by Baha'U'llah. Portals To Freedom 61 cannot step into that Court." When 'Abdu'1-Baha says that "there is a Power in this Cause far transcending the ken of men and angels," 2 what does He mean in terms applicable to our everyday human experience, if not that the World of Reality is a World of such Power as this world has never known? When mankind learns how to become a channel for that Power, as He always was and is, instead of attempting to mop it up for one's own exclu- sive use, then indeed "this world will become a garden and a paradise." Certainly I felt that transcendent power flowing from Him to me; and Mr. Mountfort Mills once told me that he had the same experience when sitting close to 'Abdu'1-Baha during an automobile ride. He said it was like being charged by a divine battery. 1 speak of this only because it is another illustration of the effect 'Abdu'l-Baha's presence always had on me. I could not be near Him without surges of almost irresistible emotion sweeping through me. Sometimes the effects of this emotion were apparent, but not always. I once spoke of this to 'Abdu'1-Baha, apologetically referring to my "childish weakness." He said that such tears were the pearls of the heart. It is not unusual for deep emotions to be stirred when the eye is satisfied by a noble picture, a glorious sunset, or a peach orchard in full bloom. Or when the ear is entranced by the genius of a Beethoven, a Bach, a Men- delssohn. To the eye or ear trained to detect subtle harmonies of color, composition and tone, a chord is struck by transcendent beauty which stirs the depths. How much more must this be true when the eye, the ear, 2 See Baha'i Scriptures, p. 304. 62 Portals To Freedom the heart are filled with the vision of human perfection! Here in 'Abdu'1-Baha I saw that for which all my life I had longed, perfection in word and deed, a beauty which no line or tone could ever depict; a harmony which resounded to my inner ear like a mighty symphony; a reposeful power such as is hinted at in the Moses of Michael Angelo, or the Thinker of Rodin. In 'Abdul- Baha it was not a hint I got, it was the perfection of all that the hungry heart desired. I have heard of instances in the Orient of believers who entered His presence for the first time being swept by such irresistible tides of emotion that they would seem to dissolve in tears. I can- not wonder. Here I saw and felt and heard a simplicity merging into power; a humility which sat His brow like a kingly crown; a purity which never tarnished, and, above all, Truth personified the very Spirit of Truth enshrined in a human temple. It was utter satisfaction to rny soul simply to be near Him. Perhaps there was also a reason for my emotion in the despair lying ever deep within; for to me it could never be enough merely to contemplate such perfection. A voice continually cried within me: "You must never rest until you have clothed yourself in the attributes of God." I seemed to hear in every word He spoke the words of Jesus: "You must be perfect even as your Father in heaven is perfect." These had always been more or less only words to me. I began now dimly to hope that they might really mean exactly what they said. And this became cer- tainty when I read for the first of many times these won- derful words from Baha'U'llah's Tablet to the Pope: 8 8 Baha'i Scriptures, p. 403. Portals To Freedom 63 "If ye believe in Me ye shall experience that which has been promised you, and I will make you the friends of my soul in the realm of My Greatness, and the com- panions of My Perfection in the Kingdom of My Might forever." Under the influence of such tremendous thoughts as these I one day asked 'Abdu'1-Baha how it could ever be possible for me, deep in the mass of weak and selfish humanity, ever to hope to attain when the goal was so high and great. He said that it is to be accomplished little by little; little by little. And I thought to myself, I have all eternity for this journey from self to God. The thing to do is to get started. Towards the latter part of April, late one Sunday afternoon, I was again at the home where so many won- derful hours had been spent. It had become almost a habit, when the service at my church was over and dinner dis- patched, to hasten in to New York and spend the rest of the day and evening at this home. Sometimes I would have an opportunity to speak to 'Abdu'1-Baha, but usually I must be content with a glimpse of Him, or with listening to Him while He spoke to a small group. This particular afternoon, however, was destined to be a red-letter day. I was standing alone at one of the windows looking out upon the street, when I was startled by seeing a large group of boys come rushing up the steps. There seemed twenty or thirty of them. And they were not what one would call representatives of the cultured class. In fact, 64 Portals To Freedom they were a noisy and not too well-dressed lot of urchins, but spruce and clean as if for an event. They came up the steps with a stamping of feet and loud talk, and I heard them being ushered in and up the stairs. I turned to Mrs. Kinney, who was standing near. "What is the meaning of all this?" I asked. "Oh, this is really the most surprising thing," she ex- claimed, "I asked them to come today, but I hardly ex- pected that they would." It seemed that a few days before 'Abdu'1-Baha had gone to the Bowery Mission to speak to several hundred of New York's wretched poor. As usual, with Him went a large group of the Persian and American friends, and it made a unique spectacle as this party of Orientals in flowing robes and strange head-gear made its way through the East Side. Not unnaturally, a number of boys gathered in their train and soon they became a little too vocal in their expression. As I remember, even some venturesome ones called names and threw sticks. As my Hostess told the story, she said: "I could not bear to hear 'Abdu'l- Baha so treated and dropped behind the others for a moment to speak to them. In a few words, I told them Who He was; that He was a very Holy Man who had spent many years in exile and prison because of His love for Truth and for men, and that now He was on His way to speak to the poor men at the Bowery Mission." "Can't we go too?" one who seemed to be the leader asked. I think that would be impossible, she told them, but if you come to my home next Sunday, and she gave them the address, I will arrange for you to see Him. So here they were. We followed them up the stairs and into Portals To Freedom 65 'Abdu'l-Baha's own room. I was just in time to see the last half dozen of the group entering the room. 'Abdu'1-Baha was standing at the door and He greeted each boy as he came in; sometimes with a handclasp, sometimes with an arm around a shoulder, but always with such smiles and laughter it almost seemed that He was a boy with them. Certainly there was no suggestion of stiffness on their part, or awkwardness in their unac- customed surroundings. Among the last to enter the room was a colored lad of about thirteen years. He was quite dark and, being the only boy of his race among them, he evidently feared that he might not be welcome. When 'Abdu'1-Baha saw him His face lighted up with a heavenly smile. He raised His hand with a gesture of princely wel- come and exclaimed in a loud voice so that none could fail to hear; that here was a black rose. The room fell into instant silence. The black face be- came illumined with a happiness and love hardly of this world. The other boys looked at him with new eyes. I venture to say that he had been called a black many things, but never before a black rose. This significant incident had given to the whole oc- casion a new complexion. The atmosphere of the room seemed now charged with subtle vibrations felt by every soul. The boys, while losing nothing of their ease and simplicity, were graver and more intent upon 'Abdu'l- Baha, and I caught them glancing again and again at the colored boy with very thoughtful eyes. To the few of the friends in the room the scene brought visions of a new world in which every soul would be recognized and 66 Portals To Freedom treated as a child of God. I thought: What would happen to New York if these boys could carry away such a keen remembrance of this experience that throughout their lives, whenever they encountered any representatives of the many races and colors to be found in that great city, they would think of them and treat them as "different colored flowers in the Garden of God." The freedom from just this one prejudice in the minds and hearts of this score or more of souls would unquestionably bring happiness and freedom from rancor to thousands of hearts. How simple and easy to be kind, I thought, and how hardly we learn. When His visitors had arrived, 'Abdu'1-Baha had sent out for some candy and now it appeared, a great five- pound box of expensive mixed chocolates. It was un- wrapped and 'Abdu'1-Baha walked with it around the circle of boys, dipping His hand into the box and placing a large handful in the hands of each, with a word and smile for everyone. He then returned to the table at which He had been sitting, and laying down the box, which now had only a few pieces in it, He picked from it a long chocolate nougat; it was very black. He looked at it a moment and then around at the group of boys who were watching Him intently and expectantly. Withxmt a word, He walked across the room to where the colored boy was sitting, and, still without speaking, but with a humorously piercing glance that swept the group, laid the chocolate against the black cheek. His face was radiant as He laid His arm around the shoulder of the boy and that radiance seemed to fill the room. No words To Freedom 67 were necessary to convey His meaning, and there could be no doubt that all the boys caught it. You see, He seemed to say, that he is not only a black flower, but also a black sweet. You eat black chocolates and find them good: perhaps you would find this black brother of yours good also if you once taste his sweetness. Again that awed hush fell upon the room. Again the boys all looked with real wonder at the colored boy as if they had never seen him before, which indeed was true. And as for the boy himself, upon whom all eyes were now fixed, he seemed perfectly unconscious of all but 'Abdu'l- Baha. Upon Him his eyes were fastened with an adoring, blissful look such as I had never seen upon any face. For the moment he was transformed. The reality of his being had been brought to the surface and the angel he really was revealed. I left the house with many deep thoughts crowding my heart. Who was this Man? Why did He have such power over souls? He made no pretensions of goodness. He did not preach; oh, never! Not even by the faintest implication did He ever intimate that one should be other- wise than what he was: yet somehow He showed us worlds of beauty and grandeur which tore our hearts with longing to attain, and made us loathe the round of so- called life to which we were bound. I did not know what to think of it all, but I did know, even then, that I loved Him as I had never dreamed of love. I did not believe as those around me did. Indeed, I hardly ever thought of what their many words concerning His "station" sought 68 Portals To Freedom to convey. I was not interested in that at all, it seems. But I certainly did believe that He held a secret of life which I would give my life to discover for myself. I spent myself in prayer that night. I felt that I had never really prayed before. I am not given to what is called occult, or mystic experiences, but as I prayed that night there were surely Presences in the room. I heard rustlings and little whisperings. A new and wonderful world opened before me from that night. Portals To Freedom 69 Chapter Five A LEAF IN THE BREEZE OF THE WILL OF GOD. "MY THRONE IS MY MAT." INSCRIPTION IN THE SEVEN VALLEYS. THE POWER OF THE WORD OF GOD. "The Word of God is the storehouse of all good, all power and all wisdom . . . When man is associated with that transcendent Power emanating from the Word of God, the tree of his existence becomes so well rooted in the soil of assurance that it laughs at the violent hurricanes of skepticism which attempt its eradication. For this as- sociation of the part with the Whole endows him with the Whole; and this union of the particular with the Universal makes him all in all." 1 4 4 T 11 T E should count time by heart throbs." When VV I recall that all so far recounted occurred within the first three weeks after my meeting with 'Abdu'1-Baha it seems incredible. In those few days life had taken on an entirely new meaning. I felt like a spiritual Columbus exploring the uncharted oceans of God. New 1 'Abdul-Baha. See Baha'i Scriptures, p. 439. yo Portals To Freedom lands had been discovered upon which I hardly had courage to set foot. Heights and depths of inner experi- ence had been touched of which heretofore I had never dreamed. Truly, many times I had "packed eternity into an hour, or stretched an hour to eternity." One day about the first of May of that momentous year I asked 'Abdu'1-Baha if He could arrange to speak to my congregation at the Brotherhood Church. He considered a moment, then said smilingly: God willing. This was to me a new way of responding to such a request. A ripple of wonderment crossed my mind as to how many engage- ments for public speakers would be made in our modern world if both parties referred the decision to the will of God before its ratification. How could I arrange the necessary preliminaries on such an uncertainty? How was I to know whether God was willing or not? 'Abdu'1-Baha noticed my hesitation and waited courteously for me to speak. Rather haltingly I said: "It will be necessary for me to know the date a few days in advance in order to be able to make the necessary public announcements." He asked me how long before I would need to know? "A week or ten days would be sufficient, I think." He said I should ask Him then. And so a week later I asked Him if Sunday evening, May i pth, would be convenient for Him. He said: Very good, and so it was arranged. This incident gave me renewed food for thought. I got a little glimpse of the Source of the Master's mingled relaxation and power. He was never tense or hurried; Portals To Freedom 7 1 never at a loss for word or act. He seldom used the first person singular. I have heard Him in His public talks refer to 'Abdu'1-Baha as if that person were entirely distinct from the speaker. Any reference to the ego, He once re- marked to a small group of the New York friends, any use of "I," "Me," "Mine," will in the future be con- sidered as profanity. The phrase "God willing" was constantly upon His lips. If one could ask a leaf in the clutch of Autumn winds whither it was going, would it not answer, if it could, "I know and care not. I go where God's breezes blow me." In truth 'Abdu'1-Baha was a "leaf in the breeze of the Will of God." Unquestionably this was one of the reasons for that atmosphere of majesty which always attended Him, and which no one entering His presence could fail to note. How natural to be kinglike when One is under the immediate inspiration and guidance of the King of kings! The gestures, posture, gait of the Master were ever king- like. Mr. Mills, the friend to whose influence and tactfulness I am most indebted for my deepening interest, and who had been the cause of my first meeting 'Abdu'1-Baha, once remarked to me that he had seen only two men of whom it could truthfully be said that 'He walks like a king.' One was King Edward VII, the other was 'Abdu'1-Baha. Yet while the former had been trained from infancy to expect deference, obedience, humility from millions of subjects, whose allegiance is now transferred to his grand- son, the latter from the age of seven years had been trained in the glorious school of Martyrdom. Not His had been 72 Portals To Freedom a home in palaces and rest upon beds of ease. Rather, His had been the portion of a prisoner and an exile, His bed the floor of the prison morgue, which he chose as the only place in the fortress where He could be alone and pray, His resting place too often the stocks and chains. Yet at any moment He could have been free to return to the life of wealth and ease to which He had been born, would He but renounce His allegiance to Truth and the Glory of God (Baha'U'llah) reflected in the earthly Temple of His Father. "My throne is My mat," He said, "My glorious crown is my servitude towards God. My dominion is my humility, my submissiveness, my lowliness, my abasement, my supplication and my beseeching unto God this is that permanent reign which no one is able to dispute, gainsay or usurp." 2 He lived to see many thousands die as martyrs for the Truth for which He had sacrificed His life, and millions of the living render to him "an homage which kings might envy and emperors sigh for in vain." 3 No wonder He walked like a king, rather like a King of kings. I think it was in connection with the plans for His approaching visit to the Brotherhood Church that He said 2 Bah'i Scrip, p. 460. 8 Words used by Professor Browne, of Cambridge University, in referring to Baha'U'llah. The only European who ever met Him. Portals To Freedom 73 to me one day: that He had noticed that many ministers and public speakers prepare their addresses in advance, often committing them to memory and speaking the same words to many different audiences. He paused and looked at me a little humourously, a little sadly, and added: that He wondered how they can be sure of what God wants them to say until they look into the faces of their people. Again had a few simple words been like a searchlight turned upon the inner recesses of my heart. The Master continued saying that there is no higher function than that of a minister of His Holiness the Christ, for his is the joy and duty to bring God near to the lives and hearts of men. He added that He would pray for me. He often said that He would pray for me, and I heard Him use these words to many others. What must it have meant to the continent of America to have had the prayers of the Servant of God rising for its people! His interest in, His unbounded love for, the souls of men of every degree never flagged or failed. I remember once when I was alone with Him and the interpreter, and He had been talking for some time on deeply spiritual things, while I, silent, was. filled beyond utterance with many thoughts, that He urged me to speak, saying I should tell Him all that was in my heart; that I must always be sure that my joys were His joys, and my sorrows, His sorrows. I give His words but no phrasing could convey the heavenly smile, the deep glowing eyes, the gentle tone that conveyed far more than the words. It was about this time that I, one day, asked the Master if He would write a few words of dedication in the copy 74 Portals To Freedom of Baha'U'llah's Seven Valleys which the translator had given to me and which I treasured much. I have be- fore referred to the deep impression which this little book made upon me from my very first reading. Since then I had gone through it many times, and phrases, sentences, whole paragraphs had become familiar to me: outwardly familiar, that is, but the deeper meanings, the elusive, spiritual, mystic beauty of the Words and the thoughts they aroused, stirred an inner depth heretofore un- troubled. My heart, too, had become "fascinated by the zephyr of assurance wafted upon the garden of my innate heart from the Sheba of the Merciful." I, also, had found "all the existent beings bewildered in search of the Friend," I too was intent on attaining the "Goal of the Beloved," and "at every step I found the assistance of the Invisible surrounding me and the ardor of my search increasing." That "the steed of the Valley of Love is pain," I had faintly discerned, and with this discovery had also come a faint but blissful certainty that: "Happy is the head that is dropped in the dust in the path of His love." But, alas, not to me had been given the faintest indica- tion of the meaning of the divine words despribing the further experience of the traveller on the road "from self to God." What was the reality of the experience briefly hinted at as "drinking from the Cup of Abstrac- tion"; of "hearing with divine ears and gazing on the mysteries of the Eternal One with God-like eyes"; of "stepping into the Retreat of the Friend and becoming an intimate in the Pavilion of the Beloved," and of this promise: "He (the traveler) will stretch forth the Hand of the True One from the bosom of omnipotence and Portals To Freedom 75 show forth the mysteries of Power"? What was this divine world of the Spirit from which Baha'U'llah sought to draw the veil? A world so vast, so beautiful, so unimagin- able to our poor earth-blinded eyes and minds that even He could find no words to make it more than faintly discernible, for at times "the pen broke and the paper was torn." Or "the ink gave no result but blackness." 4 Is it any wonder that my very soul was torn with an agonized determination to probe such depths of this mys- tery as my poor capacity would permit? I was "quaffing the seven seas but the thirst of my heart was not allayed." Still I was crying: "Is there yet any more? " And so, moved by the urgency of such thoughts and aspirations, I turned to 'Abdu'1-Baha with a certain conviction that He would understand and know that I was, at least, not one of the army of autograph seekers. He was standing amidst a group of the friends when I approached Him but He turned to me with that courte- ous simplicity which never failed, and motioned for me to speak. I handed Him the little book, and, through the interpreter, made my request, adding something of my hope to understand more and more of its hidden meanings. He smiled rather more gravely than was His wont and looked deeply into my eyes for a long moment before He signified His assent. The next day He handed me the little volume without a word. Turning to the fly-leaf I found several lines writ- ten in the beautiful copper-plate Persian characters and signed by Him. It was accompanied by no English version 4 See Baha'i Scriptures, pp. 163-65. 7 6 Portals To Freedom so I hurriedly sought the interpreter and asked if he would write the translation on the opposite page. "Very glad to do so," he answered and started to put the book in his pocket, giving no hint as to when I should recover it. But this suited my impatient soul not at all. "There are only a few lines," I suggested, "can you not write the English of it for me now? It will take but a moment." And so it was done. We found a little writing desk in a retired spot and in a few moments I had the precious book again. And this is what I read: "O my Lord! Confirm this revered personage, that he may attain the Essential Purpose; travel in these Seven Valleys; enter the silent chamber of realities and sig- nificances, and enter the Kingdom of Mysteries. Verily, Thou art the Confirmer, the Helper, the Kind." (signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha Abbas. Again He had shown an understanding of my inmost heart. What this prayer for my attainment to the "Essen- tial Purpose" has meant to me through all these years no words can depict. Here, indeed, "the ink gives no result but blackness." A few days before the Sunday when 'Abdu'1-Baha was to speak in the Brotherhood Church I was riding in the trolley car on my way to Newark, on some business con- nected with the building of my church edifice. As usual Portals To Freedom 77 I had with me one of the books pertaining to the Baha'i Faith which had come to occupy my every thought. On this occasion I was reading the volume, Some Answered Questions, in which 'Abdu'1-Baha discusses some of the most vital matters pertaining to the spiritual life, mainly from the standpoint of the Christian tradition. Sitting beside me in the car was a young woman whose eyes, I noted, were straying interestedly toward the book I was reading. Obligingly I moved the book slightly toward her and so together we read those marvellously illuminat- ing explanations for the hour-and-a-half ride to Newark. No word was spoken but I could feel that she was deeply stirred. When we reached the city and I closed the volume she said: "I think that is the most wonderful book I ever saw. Won't you tell me, please, who is the author?" So I told her of 'Abdu'1-Baha; of His long years of exile and imprisonment for the sake of His love of Truth; of His visit to America and that He was to speak in my church in Jersey City the following Sunday evening. She said: "I will surely be there." She was there. I saw her in the audience and spoke to her after the meeting. I have often wondered since whether that spark became a flame. Perhaps it may be helpful at this time to speak of the effects which the mere reading of these divine Words has produced in my own life, and the lives of many others to whom I have been privileged to introduce this new Revelation of the Eternal Logos. Over and over again I have seen hearts illumined and lives transformed by merely reading a few passages from The Hidden Words, or the Tablet to the Pope, or The Book of Certitude, or 78 P0rta/j' To Freedom the Surat-l-Hykl* or, in fact, from any of the books opened at random. Through these Words, indeed, "Flows the River of Divine Knowledge and bursts the Fire of the Consummate Wisdom of the Eternal." 6 For some- thing like five years after meeting the Master I literally read nothing else. I crossed the continent twice during those years and carried with me a satchel filled with these books and typed copies of Tablets, which I studied con- stantly on the train and elsewhere. I became soaked in the "Oceans of Divine Utterance." To this one fact alone, ac- companied with constant prayer, may be ascribed what- ever slight progress may have been made in the Pathway of Eternal Life. The heavenly Significances, these "pearls hidden in the depths of the Ocean of His Verses," have opened portals to a freedom of mind and spirit such as no writings of human genius have ever bestowed. That there is a Power flowing from these Words capable of bestow- ing "a new life of faith" there has to me been abundant proof. I remember a sincere soul of great capacity saying to me during the early days of her immersion in this Ocean of Revelation: "I defy anyone to study these Words with sincerity and prayerful selflessness for even such a short period as two weeks and not be assured that Baha'U'llah speaks with more than human tongue." In seeking the reason for this power I found it in Baha- 'U'llah's own explanation. In the Book of Certitude He says that in the meeting with the Manifestation the Meet- ing with God is attained; that after the departure from this world this Meeting is assured through the meeting 6 Books written by Baha'U'llah. Baha'U'llah-- Book of Certitude. Portals To Freedom 79 with His disciples, or "Family," and that after their de- parture this Meeting is only possible through the inspired Words He left to the world for the guidance and illumina- tion of these who turn to Him. I probed deeper, seeking practical understanding. What could this "Meeting with God" mean in terms of human living? I thought to myself: When I read Emerson or Browning sympathetically and understandingly do I not "meet" these great souls in the realm of their world? If that meeting brings to the reader such new, high and lofty thoughts, such soaring ideals, such a change of view- point and such pure resolves what must be the effect upon the aspiring soul when it "meets" the Holy Spirit of God through reverent perusal of the Words of His Manifestation! I began to experience a little, at least, of the divine meaning underlying such phrases as: "You must soar in the atmosphere of My Knowledge"; "Be- come intoxicated with the wine of My Verses"; "Attain to My Supreme Paradise, the station of revelation and vision before the Throne of My Grandeur." 7 Not to the casual reader is this "meeting" vouchsafed. One must hold his breath and dive dive deep, if the pearls of those depths are sought. But to those who, leaving all their earthly garments behind, take that selfless plunge, abandoning all else save Him, such a new and heavenly world is revealed that all verbal portrayal is beggared. A single letter of these divine words is indeed, as Baha- 'U'llah has said, "greater than the creation of the heavens and the earth, for they quicken the dead in the valley of self and desire by the spirit of faith." 8 7 See Baha'i Scriptures, p. 246 top. 8 Book of Certitude, p. 209, by Baha'U'llah. 8o Portals To Freedom Chapter Six THE REALITY AND ESSENCE OF BROTHER- HOOD. CANNOT YOU SERVE HIM ONCE? TRUE BROTHERHOOD DUE TO THE BREATHS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. "O YOU SHOULD HAVE SEEN HIM!" "The Prophets of God have established the principles of human brotherhood. The spiritual brotherhood, which is enkindled and established through the breaths of the Holy Spirit, unites nations and removes the cause of warfare and strife. It transforms mankind into one great family and establishes the foundations of the oneness of human- ity. Therefore we must investigate the foundation reality of this heavenly fraternity." 'Abdu'1-Bahi. See Promulgation of Universal Peace. Vol. i, pp. 140-41. ON the nineteenth of May, 1912, 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke on Brotherhood in the Brotherhood Church in Jersey City. At that time I was the unsalaried minister of that body of men and women come together sponta- neously in the endeavor to foster the spirit of brotherhood and service. Only five weeks had elapsed since my first meeting with the Master. The 23rd of May, only four Portals To Freedom 81 days later, marked the birthday of Him Who addressed us. The same day was also the 68th anniversary of the announcement by the youthful Persian Prophet, the Bab, Who declared that within nineteen years from that date there should appear "Him Whom God should Manifest/' The Bab was also one of this long line of earthly Mani- festations of the Supreme One, but He said that He was not worthy to be mentioned in the Presence of Him Whose Divine Word was destined to sway mankind for thousands of years to come. As I look back over the twenty-five years that have passed since that evening it stirs the imagination to con- sider what would have happened if the five or six hundred souls there gathered to hear speak the very son of Baha- 'U'llah, the Glory of God, to announce the coming of whom that divine youth, the Bab, had sacrificed his life; at whose feet this son, at the age of seven years, had fallen in adoration, now stood before them. If we, brought up in the Christian tradition, could have realized that this very man Who since birth had lived with, been taught by, exiled and imprisoned with, the One for Whose coming Christ had besought us to pray and watch; if we could have recognized in Him the first citizen of that Kingdom of God on earth, and if we also had had the faith and courage to leave all and follow Him as did those sincere souls almost two thousand years ago under exactly similar conditions, consider the possible effect upon those lives and the thousands of lives they were destined to affect during the twenty-five years that have passed since then. Also, how blind and deaf we were. No wonder that Jesus wept over Jerusalem. Blessed indeed were those in Portals To Freedom that audience, and there were some, whose eyes were open to perceive that Glory and whose ears were attuned to hear the music of that Divine Voice. Why this writer should have been one of those alert enough to appreciate, even a little, this supreme light, and to follow, however haltingly, those divine feet, he has never understood. It is ever the pure bounty of God. But how thankful he is that it is so. Indeed "souls are perturbed as they make men- tion of Him, for minds cannot grasp Him nor hearts contain Him." I It was an impressive, even to me a thrilling sight when the majestic figure of the Master strode up the aisle of the Brotherhood Church leading the little company of be- lievers from various parts of the world. As memory now takes its backward look I realize how little I understood at that time the full significance of that memorable scene. Here, in a setting of Western civilization, almost two thousand years from the dawn of Christian teaching, stood One whose Life and Word were the very embodiment of the essence of the message of good-will to all peoples which those nations which bear His name had seemingly forgotten. Here stood the living proof of the falsity of the assumption that East and West can never meet. Here was martyrdom for Truth and Love speaking lovingly and humbly to souls engrossed with self and who knew it not. Here stood the embodied spirit of Holiness again uttering the eternal message of Brotherhood, Here was resurrection and life again calling to those dead in the i Hidden Words by Baha'U'liah. Portals To Freedom 83 tombs of self and desire to come forth, and we recognized not His voice. But to all such thoughts I, like most of the audience, was a stranger. Yet there was in that hall that evening an atmosphere of spiritual reality foreign to its past. It bore upon me almost unbearably and was reflected in the faces of many turned upon me as I rose to preface the talk of the Master with a few words of introduction. I can still see before me the rapt face of Lua Getsinger, one of the first of American believers in the divine revelation of Baha'U'llah, as her unwavering gaze dwelt upon 'Abdu'l- Baha, and the faces of many others in the audience bore similar evidence to the unaccustomed atmosphere of holi- ness invading their souls. 'Abdu'1-Baha sat in the place of honor immediately behind the pulpit. Beside him sat the interpreter, who, as I spoke, translated rapidly and softly to 'Abdu'1-Baha the essence of my words. I stood at one side of the platform so not to be in front of the Master and able to turn towards Him at times. One of my keenest remembrances of the evening is that of His attentive, smiling face while the in- terpreter murmured his rendering. I spoke of His forty years in the fortress of 'Akka, that indescribably filthy penal colony of the Turkish empire; of His sixty years of exile and suffering; of the living proof He afforded that the only bondage is that of the spirit; of the evidence His presence with us that evening furnished of true spirit- ual brotherhood and unity. I remember particularly turn- ing to Him apologetically as I made the personal reference to the fact that whereas other Easterners came to America exploiting its people in the name of oriental mysticism, 84 Portals To Freedom His message bore the living imprint of self-sacrificing love. He gave while others grasped. He manifested what others mouthed. And more clearly still do I see before me that calmly smiling face, the glowing eyes, the understanding gaze with which He returned my glance. Then 'Abdu'1-Baha rose to speak. The interpreter stood beside Him, a little behind." "Because this is called the Church of Brotherhood I wish to speak upon the Brother- hood of Mankind." As that beautifully resonant voice rang through the room, accenting with an emphasis I had never before heard the word Brotherhood, shame crept into my heart. Surely this Man recognized connota- tions to that word which I, who had named the church, had never known. Who was I to stress this word? What had I ever done besides talk to prove my faith in it as a principle of life? Had I ever suffered a pang as its ex- ponent? But this man had lived a long life in which brotherhood to all mankind had been a ruling motive. Prison nor chains; toil nor privation; hatred nor con- tumely had been able to turn Him from his appointed task of its exemplification, or to lessen the ardor of His proof that it was a possible goal for the race of Man. To Him all races, colors, creeds were as one. To Him prejudice for or against a soul because of outward wealth or poverty, sin or virtue, was unknown. He was at every moment what in one of His divine Tablets He has told vis we all must be, a "thrall of mankind." As I write there is brought to memory a story told by Lua Getsinger, she who then sat in the audience before me. In the very early days of the knowledge of the Cause 2 See Promulgation of Univ. Peace, pp. 125-28, Vol. i. 'Abdu'1-Baha Washington, D. C., 1912 Portals To Freedom 85 of Baha'U'llah in America Mrs. Getsinger was in 'Akka having made the pilgrimage to the prison city to see the Master. She was with Him one day when he said to her, that He was too busy today to call upon a friend of His who was very ill and poor and He wished her to go in His place. Take him food and care for him as I have been doing, He concluded. He told her where this man was to be found and she went gladly, proud that 'Abdul-Baha should trust her with this mission. She returned quickly. "Master," she exclaimed, "surely you cannot realize to what a terrible place you sent me. I almost fainted from the awful stench, the filthy rooms, the degrading condition of that man and his house. I fled lest I contract some terrible disease." Sadly and sternly 'Abdu'1-Baha regarded her. "Dost thou desire to serve God," He said, "serve thy fellow man for in him dost thou see the image and likeness of God." 3 He told her to go back to this man's house. If it is filthy she should clean it; if this brother of yours is dirty, bathe him; if he is hungry, feed him. Do not return until this is done. Many times had He done this for him and cannot she serve him once? This was He who was speaking in my Church of Brotherhood. He spoke of the contrast between physical and spiritual brotherhood, pointing out that the latter was the only real and lasting relationship. "This divine fellowship," He said, "owes its existence to the breaths of the Holy Spirit. Spiritual brotherhood is like the light while the souls of 8 Divine Art of Living, p. 115. 86 Portals To Freedom mankind are as lanterns. These incandescent lamps," pointing to the electric lights illuminating the hall, "are many but the light is one." He spoke of the influence Baha'U'llah exerted in bringing amity and friendship into some of the warring and antagonistic peoples and religions of the Orient. "He breathed such a spirit into those countries," he said, "that various peoples and warring tribes were blended into unity. Their bestowals and susceptibilities; their purposes and desires became one to such a degree that they sacrificed themselves for one another, forfeiting name, possessions and comfort. This is eternal, spiritual fellowship, heavenly and divine brotherhood which defies dissolution. 4 This was, indeed, a new type of brotherhood. Not a fraternal partnership, so to speak, which had as its objec- tive a mutual sharing of the good things of the world more easily attained and more safely held by reason of this partnership. But rather a re-birth of man through a new baptism of the Holy Spirit, who by this rebirth found themselves actually conscious of a heavenly, spiritual, divine kinship which transcended any earthly relationship as the music of the spheres transcended earth's dis- cordance. And as I gazed at the Master as I faced Him from the audience, it was not so difficult to imagine a world transformed by the spirit of divine brotherhood. For He Himself was that spirit incarnate. His flowing 'aba, His creamlike fez, His silvery hair and beard, all set Him 4 Promulgation of Univ. Peace, pp. 125-26. Portals To Freedom 87 apart from the Westerners, to whom He spake. But His srnile which seemed to embrace us with an overflowing comradeship; His eyes which flashed about the room as if seeking out each individual; His gestures which com- bined such authority and humility; such wisdom and humor, all conveyed to me, at least, a true human brother- hood which could never be content with plenty while the least of these little ones had less than enough, and yet still less content until all had that divine plenty only to be bestowed through the breaths of the Holy Spirit, that is, by contact with the Manifestation of God. He closed with the following words, as recorded in the first volume of The Promulgation of Universal Peace: "Trust in the favor of God. Look not at your own capacities, for the divine bestowals can transform a drop into an ocean; it can make a tiny seed a lofty tree. Verily divine bestowals are like the sea and we are like the fishes in that sea. The fishes must not look at them- selves. They must behold the ocean which is vast and wonderful. Provision for the sustenance of all is in this ocean, therefore the divine bounties encompass all and love eternal shines upon all." It was one of the briefest of 'Abdu'l-Baha's public talks. The latter part, as recorded in The Promulgation of Universal Peace, was in answer to a question from the audience, which was a departure from the usual custom. Portals To Freedom I had requested of the Master that He speak rather longer than was His wont as I had the universal obsession that the worth of an address was in proportion to its length. That He spoke so briefly was undoubtedly with the endeavor to illustrate to me that a very few words, inspired by the Holy Spirit and aglow with wisdom celes- tial, were vastly more powerful than all the volumes of man-made sermons ever printed. That I should have had the temerity to make such a request of Him again illustrates how far removed I still was from recognition of His station; nay from any true understanding of spiritual reality. I, even now, only dimly realize it and I suspect that the vast majority of my fellow men share with me this abysmal ignorance. Baha'U'llah has said that compared to the wonders and glories of the spiritual universe the material universe is comparable to "the pupil of the eye of a dead ant." And I had requested this Man, to Whom that universe of the spirit was as an open book, to make His talk of a length suitable to my own desires. And He had in fifteen minutes said more, and shown forth more, and loved more of the true Brotherhood, the heavenly and divine Brotherhood, which could transform this world into a paradise, than I had ever dreamed. How blind and deaf we are! And what a fearful price the world is paying for this imperviousness to that "Light which lighteth every man who cometh into the world!" On May 24th, five days after He spoke in the Brother- hood Church, 'Abdu'1-Baha addressed the assembled min- isters at the annual May Meeting of the Unitarian Fellow- Portals To Freedom 89 ship in Boston. Present were the representatives of the Unitarian Faith in America, an intellectual group hold- ing, probably, the most "advanced" opinions in religious thought in the country. Yet He spoke to deaf ears. "A very interesting old gentleman," several remarked to me afterwards, u but he told us nothing new." This was typical of most of the audiences He addressed. Truly, "having ears we heard not." I would suggest that the reader of these words again peruse that Boston address as found in the first volume of The Promulgation of Uni- versal Peace, page 138, as I have just done, and determine for himself whether anything "new" is to be found there. "The divineProphets have revealed and founded religion." 'Abdu'1-Baha said. This may not be new in the sense that this teaching had never been formulated, but to this Bos- ton audience which had unanimously, not to say enthu- siastically, rejected all belief in a revealed religion it was fundamentally new because the Speaker was actually the physical son of the latest of these divine Prophets who had lived and taught, suffered and died during the lifetime of some of His listeners. 'Abdu'l-Baha's whole address was directed to calling attention to the fact that the tree of religion grows old and withers like any tree, and that unless a new Tree is planted from the seed of the old, true religion perishes from the earth. His audience was composed of men and women whose lives were dedicated to an attempt to revive this withered and dying tree, and they were watering it, not with the "water of certi- tude" which flows only from the Lips of the divine Revelator Himself, but with man-made theories and theologies which, as their own experience should have 90 Portals To Freedom taught them, they are forced to renounce almost as soon as accepted. "Nothing new!" Had they known how this News was destined to revolutionize the world of thought and action; how it was to arouse in mankind a new passion for unity and brotherhood; how it was destined to be the moving spirit behind all efforts towards the abolition of war, poverty, disease and crime; how men's hearts would be aroused to a new life by the breaths of Its Holy Spirit; how all human life would take on a new meaning, significance and power, His hearers would have tran- scribed His divine Words "with a pen of diamond on a page of gold." To me 'Abdu'l-Baha's talk in the Brotherhood Church and the address before the Unitarian Conference in Boston marked a new phase in my spiritual journey from self to God. I had heard several of His public addresses before but never had I been near enough to Him to mark closely His demeanor. For it was not only His words, not nearly so much His accents and voice which now impressed me. There lay in His eyes a living flame which seemed to ignite a smouldering spark within me. Perhaps I can ex- press my meaning best by relating an incident. At one of the meetings at the home of the friends to whom I have often referred where the Master spent much of His time in New York, there was present a lady who was not, and never became an avowed believer. But her heart was pure. She loved Christ and strove to follow His divine teachings. The large double rooms were filled with the friends and attracted souls. A lane had been left open stretching the full length of both rooms, and, as the Master Portals To Freedom 91 spoke, He strode up and down the rooms while the inter- preter stood near me translating fluently. This lady sat enthralled. When 'Abdu'1-Baha came striding towards us with that indescribable grace and majesty, His hands gesturing rhythmically with an upward, inspiring sig- nificance which I have seen in no other speaker, and His eyes glowing with an inner light illumining every feature, she was overcome with emotion. Several months afterwards I was talking with a close friend of this soul and she asked me about 'Abdu'1-Baha, whom she had never seen. "He must be a very wonderful man from what says," she remarked, mentioning the name of the woman, "she tried to tell me about him and could hardly speak for tears. I said to her: 'Why, my dear, what was there so wonderful about this man?' All she could say was: 'Oh, you should have seen Him. You should have seen Him!" Indeed to have seen Him was enough providing that the spark ignited in the soul was fanned to flame by medi- tation and selfless prayer. Never can I be thankful enough that I became ignited with this Flame. It was about this time, seven weeks after meeting 'Abdu'1-Baha, that I began to say a little hymn to myself: "If every drop of my blood had a million tongues and every tongue sang praises throughout eternity sufficient thanksgiving could not be uttered." 9* _ Port als To Freedom _ Chapter Seven Marriage Under the World Order of Bahd 'U'llah AN ETERNAL BOND. THE WEDDING . THE NEED FOR REFORMATION OF LAWS PER- TAINING TO DIVORCE. THE LAWS OF BAHA 'U'LLAH. FOUR KINDS OF LOVE. THE CHIL- DREN OF THE NEW DAY. "It is therefore evident that in the world of humanity the greatest king and sovereign is love. If love were extinguished, the power of attraction dispelled, the affinity of human hearts destroyed, the phenomena of human life would disappear." 'Abdu'1-Baha. See Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. 2, pp. 249-51. IN tracing the development of the institution of mar- riage it is interesting to note that the progressive steps, from the promiscuity of the earliest history of mankind to the more or less monogamous ordinance now in vogue in most civilized countries, have been in direct ratio to the ethical and spiritual development of the race. Moreover this development has paralleled the appearance and teach- Portals To Freedom 93 ings of the great Prophets and Messengers of God to mankind. What little is known of the matrimonial relations and customs of the various peoples before the coming of Moses, Buddha, Jesus and Muhammad indicates much looser and more unethical relations than obtained after their teaching. One might reasonably expect, therefore, that the reve- lation of Baha'U'llah and its exemplification by 'Abdu'l- Baha, in dealing with this subject, would lay down laws and prescribe regulations founded upon eternal spiritual principles and adapted to the needs of a world civilization far in advance of any hitherto practiced. For the teachings of Baha'U'llah deal primarily with the Reality of man, and his station as an immortal and eternal being in an infinite universe governed and sup- ported by immutable laws based upon righteousness and truth. Marriage, then, under the Baha'i regime, is an eternal bond. It allows for only one real marriage, and this union continues throughout all the worlds of God. This assumption makes necessary an entirely new regulation of both marriage and divorce. For, since man is still in the age of immaturity, and is still influenced by desire and passion, many mistakes will be made in the selection of a mate, and these mistakes must be rectified as quickly and as simply as possible. For two souls to live together under an enforced union in which harmony, cooperation, happiness and true eternal love have become impossible, is a defiance of a basic law in the Baha'i revelation, the Law of Unity. It is not 94 Portals To Freedom only allowable but imperative that such false union be dis- solved. This necessity will probably be extremely rare as the race comes more and more under the influence of the whole range of the Divine Teachings. For once man realizes the supreme joy of true physical and spiritual union he will be content with nothing less. Moreover, Baha'U'llah has framed such safeguarding laws, and 'Abdu'1-Baha has explained them so fully, that public opinion will tend more and more to enforce their obedi- ence as experience proves their efficacy in securing and perpetuating human happiness. When 'Abdu'1-Baha was in this country in 1912 He took occasion more than once to emphasize the sacred- ness of the marriage bond, and to illustrate by precept and example the attitude incumbent upon the Baha'is in its observance. The most notable of these occasions was the wedding ceremony on July iyth 1912 in which Harlan Ober and Grace Robarts were united by 'Abdu'1-Baha Himself in accordance with the law of Baha'U'llah. 'Abdu'1-Baha suggested that I should assist Him by performing the necessary legal ceremony in order: "That all should be done in accordance with the law of the land." It is not an easy task to present to minds obsessed with the conception of this world and its affairs as complete in itself rather than as an ante-room to a larger, freer life, a scene in which the dominant note was Eternity; the very atmosphere charged with an expansive freedom and tranquillity. As my eyes took in that long, beautifully furnished Portals To Freedom 95 room, speaking of all that related to our modern culture, yet holding within its walls representatives of Paris; Berlin; London; Tihran and Ghom, Persia; Bombay, India; Baku, Russia; and Haifa, Palestine; quite a number of representatives of the black race, and about one hun- dred of my own countrymen, a conviction was borne in upon me that I was taking part in a truly epoch-making event. For here was, to all intents and purposes, a gathering of representatives of the whole world, and of every de- gree of poverty and affluence; of culture and its lack; of every range of spiritual capacity. Here indeed the East and West were gathered together to witness a prefigurement, a symbol, a prognosis of a fundamental detail of the coming social order under the World Plan of Baha'U'llah, the Kingdom of God upon earth. Dominating the scene was the white-robed figure of the Master. From the age of seven He has been addressed and spoken of by this title. Baha'U'llah Himself indicated his wish that so He should be addressed. His right to the title did not rest upon any assumption by Himself of authority or precedence. His whole bear- ing was ever that of humility and gentle deference. Yet in every home He entered He was the host, in every gathering the center; in every discussion the arbiter; to every problem the answer. Nor was it so because He wished or willed it so to be. On the contrary when He was asked to act as honorary chairman of the New York Baha'i Assembly, (one of the 96 Portals To Freedom 72 incipient Houses of Justice in this country which, in the future will form the units of community govern- ment under the Plan of Baha'U'llah) , He calmly and de- cisively replied that " 'Abdu'1-Baha is a servant." Nevertheless one could not be in His Presence more than a few moments without realizing that His every act, tone, gesture, word was so imbued with wisdom, courage, and tranquil certitude, combined with such humble con- sideration of His interlocutor, that conclusive Truth was conveyed to every beholder and listener. As 'Abdu'l- Baha has said referring to Baha'U'llah when confronting His deniers and opposers: "How can darkness assert itself in the Presence of Light? Can a fly attack an eagle? Or the shadow defy the sun?" And so, in this gathering of souls believing in a new era of human consciousness; a new epoch in which that consciousness should merge into the divine, we looked to Him as to the Master of our destinies, as the One Leader who, in this time of ancient superstitions and modern follies, knew the way out of the human labyrinth into the glorious freedom of the children of God. I sat very near Him, and, naturally, my every faculty, eye, ear, mind and heart were centered upon that radiant Personality. Nor was I alone in this. There was but One worthy of attention when He was present; but One wholly satisfying. After the simple wedding ceremony and the bride and groom had resumed their seats, 'Abdu'1-Baha rose. His cream-colored 'aba fell in graceful folds to His feet. Upon Portals To Freedom 97 His head he wore a tarboosh, or fez, of the same color, beneath which His long white hair fell almost to His shoulders. Most impressive of all His impressive aspects were His eyes. Blue they were but so changing with His mood! Now gentle and appealing, now commanding, now flashing with hidden fires, now holding a deep, tranquil lambent repose as though gazing upon scenes of glory far removed. His brow above those wide-set eyes was like an ivory dome. His neatly clipped beard, snowy white, touched His breast, but around His mouth no straggling hairs obscured the mobile lips. He spoke through an interpreter, as was His custom, not so much because He could not use English, as that it was wise to guard against possible mis-quotation. Every word He uttered while in America was transcribed as it fell from His lips by a Persian secretary, in that language, and also by an American stenographer as the interpreter followed. So that in future ages, when the thousands of writings and addresses of Baha'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha are translated and codified, there may never be any ques- tion as to the actual words and their connotation. He swept the room with a glance at once enfolding and abstracted. He raised His hands, palm upwards, level with His waist, His eyes closed and He chanted a prayer for the souls united by Him and by me. By Him that morning according to the Laws of the New World Order in which the spirit of man is to be trained to function harmoniously with its brief material environment; by me this evening as the representative of the passing regime in which ancient superstitions and outworn shibboleths often tinge the most 98 Portals To Freedom sacred observances, yet which, being customary, are to be observed "lest offense be given to any soul." This prayer of 'Abdu'1-Baha, chanted in tones to me unequalled in all experience, mellifluous (honey-like), is the nearest descriptive word, but how inadequate, is the keenest of all my memories of that evening. In spite of the fact that the language was Persian, and so, of course, unfamiliar to me, the impression I received was that of understanding. So vivid was this that the interpreter's translation came as a shock. What need to translate language addressed to the spirit? A flash of comprehension came to me. Perhaps here was the explanation of the incident recorded of that far-off Day of Pentecost when each listener to the words of the disciples heard his own tongue. There is a story told of an illiterate miner who made a long journey on foot to meet 'Abdu'1-Baha when He was in San Francisco, which further illustrates the same spirit- ual phenomenon. This man, though uneducated, had great spiritual capacity. He attended a meeting at which 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke. He seemed enthralled as the meas- ured, bell-like tones fell from the Master's lips. When the interpreter took up the passage in English this miner started as if awakening. "Why does that man interrupt?" He whispered. Then again 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke, and again the visitor was lost in attention. Again the interpreter translated as the speaker paused. At this the miner's in- dignation was aroused. "Why do they let that man inter- rupt? He should be put out." "He is the official interpreter," one sitting beside him explained. "He translates the Persian into English." Portals To Freedom 99 "Was He speaking in Persian?" was the naive answer, "Why anyone could understand that." As for me: my heart was certainly moved far more by the chanting Voice and the flowing, musical periods, than by the interpreter's version of the wedding prayer, beautiful as it is. "Glory be unto Thee, O my God! Verily this Thy servant and this Thy maid-servant have gathered under the shadow of Thy Mercy and they are united through Thy Favor and Generosity. O Lord! Assist them in this Thy world and Thy Kingdom, and destine for them every good through Thy bounty and Grace. "Cause them to become the signs of harmony and unity until the end of time. Verily Thou art the Omnip- otent, the Omnipresent and the Almighty!" As intimated (p. 93), marriage under the World Order of Baha'U'llah is based upon a far nobler conception of Man's destiny than ever before. This is because under the 1900 years of Christian teaching the spiritual capacity of the race has developed to a point where such conception of Man's station is at least comprehensible. The object of the coming of the Manifestations of God is none other than the raising of man's consciousness to a higher level. This is one of the meanings of "Heaven" as used by the prophets of God.* It is that state of conscious- ness to which the teachings of the eternal Christ spirit, no *See Book of Certitude by Baha'U'llah, p. 61. ioo Portals To Freedom matter under what name He rises upon the horizon of history, exalts the spirit of the true believer. It is essential, then, that under each new dispensation the eternal principles, reiterated by each Messenger of God, should be so clarified and explained that they will apply effectively to the problems of the new day. So when Jesus appeared He abrogated the Mosaic Law regarding divorce, which, while perfectly adapted to the nomadic life of the Hebrews and to their background of centuries of slavery under Egypt, had become subject to such abuse under the changed conditions of the Roman environment, and the sacerdotalism of the Pharisee and priest, as to become a mockery. It is plain that at this time the same observance of the letter of Christ's teachings on this subject prevails, and total neglect of the spirit. In America, supposedly a Chris- tian social order, the marriage bond is regarded with less sacredness than in any other country in the world. In 1930, the latest census, there was one divorce to every six marriages. And who can number the infringements of the wedding vow; the hatreds in the home; the broken family circles, which never reached the divorce court? Plainly this is an intolerable condition. If it were to con- tinue unchecked it might well result in a complete break- ing down of family life and the utter destruction of the institution of marriage. Indeed this social breakdown has already begun in Russia, and is threatened in one or two other countries. And what is becoming known as "free love" and "companionate marriage" is obtaining recogni- tion in some of our own educational institutions and Portals To Freedom 101 actually taught as the only solution of the spreading problem. This problem is so momentous, its solution so fraught with danger or safety to the destinies of the race, that this servant of the Glory of God has gathered all the available information possible on the subject and presents the actual wording of Baha'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha, in order that the reader may judge for himself whether, if and when these Divine Laws become operative, a happier social order would result. In the first place it must constantly be borne in mind that Baha'U'llah envisages a 'world unity; a 'world order. It assumes, moreover, the close association of man with God, and presumes the assistance of the Supreme World, the Holy Spirit, in the establishment of this Order. Thus, in the conception of the Kingdom of God on earth, Baha'U'llah sees as accomplished the unity of all races and peoples; the abolition of all prejudice; an in- herent and passionate love for Truth, no matter from what source it comes, and the spread of basic education in these laws to all peoples. Thus He has generalized broadly, encompassing the problems of East and West; of North and South, leaving to the International House of Justice the application of these principles as special and individual problems arise. If the reader will bear this in mind, and make every effort to disabuse himself of the very natural prejudices he may have entertained, it will be much easier for him to 102 Portals To Freedom appreciate the wisdom of Baha'U'llah's Plan for a New World Order. This is not an easy task to set oneself, for man naturally tends to accept as fixed the conventions and usages obtain- ing at that moment of History in which he has happened to appear upon the planet. But to do this is to disregard all the records of the past, which indicate most clearly the inevitable mutation or abolition of all human institutions, and the general tendency, throughout the ages, to sim- plify, purify and ennoble them. The destiny of the race is very high, and even the Laws of Baha'U'llah are not proposed as final. The next thousand or ten thousand years will witness still further advances by mankind along the path to the divine perfection to which all the Prophets of God have summoned him. "Ye must be perfect, even as your Father in Heaven is perfect." At this stage in the development of the race the Laws promulgated by Baha'U'llah assuredly seem to meet most adequately the needs of men taken as a whole. To those who study the writings of Baha'U'llah, paying due at- tention to the claim of majestic authority involved, these sublime Words calling man to participate in a social order far higher than that ever envisaged in the past, can hardly fail to stimulate a dawning hope, revive a failing courage and again set ablaze the fire of the love of God in cooling hearts. Bearing all this in mind let us endeavor to approach the subject of marriage relations, as taught by Baha'U'llah, with the thoughtful consideration, if not reverence, due any teacher who, for the sake of the Message which He was convinced He bore for men, suffering every indignity, Portals To Freedom 103 humiliation and torture which the ingenuity of two cruel rulers and their peoples, the Shah of Persia and the Sultan of Turkey, could over a period of forty years, inflict upon Him. That the reader may receive an idea of the claim put forth by Baha'U'llah regarding the Source of His au- thority and the objectives towards which He urges humanity, the following paragraph is quoted from His writings lately translated by His great-grandson, Shoghi Effendi, the first Guardian of the Baha'i Faith. "The first duty prescribed by God for His servants is the recognition of Him Who is the Day-Spring of His Revelation and the Fountain of His Laws, Who repre- senteth the Godhead in both the Kingdom of His Cause and the world of creation. . . . They whom God hath endued with insight will readily recognize that the pre- cepts laid down by God constitute the highest means for the maintenance of order in the world and the security of its peoples. He that turneth away from them is ac- counted among the abject and foolish. We verily have commanded you to refuse the dictates of your evil pas- sions and corrupt desires, and not to transgress the bounds which the Pen of the Most High hath fixed, for these are the breath of life unto all created beings. The seas of Divine Wisdom and divine utterance have risen under the breath of the breeze of the All-Merciful. Hasten to drink your fill, O men of understanding." * 1 Gleanings from the Writings of Baha'U'llah, p. 331. 104 Portals To Freedom Regarding marriage the following is a summary of the ordinances prescribed by the "Pen of the Most High" for the guidance of the race for the coming thousand or thou- sands of years. Again the reader's attention should be called to the fact that the Lawgiver envisages not one nation or religion or group but the whole world. Baha'U'llah enjoined marriage upon all and monogamy is assumed as the only means of content and happiness. He condemned the attitude of certain religious groups in various credal systems which forbade marriage to their priesthood. "It is My Command," He said, "that ye raise up children who will mention Me among My servants." He directed that marriage should depend first upon the consent of both parties concerned and also upon the con- sent of the parents of both, as "He desires love and affec- tion and unity to exist between all the servants of God, and lest hatred and detestation come between them." A dowry is recommended paid by the man to the woman, and He designates the amount, which is quite small. The object, evidently, being to avoid the sense of absolute dependence of the wife upon the husband. This is especially important in oriental countries. In case of disagreement between man and wife, if any agitation or aversion arise, he must not divorce her, but be patient one year, "perhaps the fragrance of love may emanate from them." If, however, at the expiration of that time "no fragrance of love be diffused," divorce is allowed. 'Abdu'1-Baha, in a Tablet to the Baha'is of America, wrote as follows: Portals To Freedom 105 "The friends (Baha'is) must strictly refrain from divorce unless something arises which compels them to separate because of their aversion to each other; in that case, with the knowledge of the Spiritual Assembly (the local governing body) they may decide to separate. They must then be patient and wait one complete year. If dur- ing that time harmony is not re-established between them, then their divorce may be realized. . . . The foundation of the Kingdom of God is based upon harmony and love, oneness, relationship and union, not upon dif- ferences, especially between husband and wife. If one of these two become the cause of divorce that one will unquestionably fall into great difficulties, will become the victim of formidable calamities and experience deep remorse." 2 Baha'U'llah exhorts men not to follow their material self, for it is an instigator to transgression and foul actions, but rather to follow the Ruler of all things Who com- mandeth them to practice virtue and righteousness. It is such constant references to a Supreme Law, coupled with a sympathetic consideration of human weakness, which makes the study of His Writings so enthralling. One looks in vain into the statute books of past and present for any such atmosphere of commingled authority and love. The Mosaic Law conveys no hint of such. It is as if the Sermon on the Mount were reduced to a code and laid upon men with gentle hands. In this fact lies the assurance not only of its divine origin but of its ultimate acceptance by the 2 Quoted from Baha'U'llah and The New Era, p. 207, Esselmont. i o6 Portals To Freedom world. For when the heart of man is appealed to as well as his reason he is perforce enlisted on the side of the Law proposed. As an illustration of this appeal Baha'U'llah urges upon the husband, when undertaking an extended absence from his wife, to acquaint her with particulars of his movements and an appointed time for his return. "If he fulfills his promise he will be of those who fulfill the commands of his Lord, and will be recorded by the Pen of Command as being of those who do right." If a real excuse prevents his return he must inform his wife and strive to return. If this is not done she must wait nine months, at the expiration of which time she is free to choose another husband. "But if she is patient it is better, for God loves those 'who are patient" If during those nine months of waiting news is received from the husband she must adopt kindness and favor, for He wisheth peace to exist among His servants. "Beware lest ye create obstinacy in your midst." Picture the courts of the future where such an atmos- phere obtains. If the reader is inclined to doubt that such should ever be possible far be it from me to cast asper- sions. None could possibly be a greater doubter than I. Yet I have come to see in the Divine Words of Baha- 'U'llah not only beauty and wisdom but an indwelling potency to sway the human heart and will. The fact that several millions of the world's peoples have already sub- scribed to His Teachings and Laws, often at the cost of property and life, may be accounted as, at least, some slight reason to hope that at some not far distant day an influential minority of sane men will accept and put in practice these divine precepts. _ Portals To Freedom 1 07 Regarding the provision concerning the consent of the parents of both parties to the marriage, 'Abdu'1-Baha once wrote to an inquirer that this consent was to be obtained after a mutual satisfactory arrangement had been arrived at by the contracting parties. Before that the parents had no right of interference. This abrogates the practice usual in the Orient by which the parents arrange the marriage, often without the consent or wish of the persons most interested. He further says that as a result of these provi- sions the strained relations between relatives-in-law which have become proverbial in Christian and Muhammedan countries, are almost unknown among the Baha'is, and divorce is also a rare occurrence. 3 Many have been the utterances and writings of 'Abdu'l- Baha on this subject. Following are some of the most important: "In this most Merciful Age the ignorant prejudices are entirely removed. The Baha'i engagement is the perfect communication and the entire consent of both parties. However, they must show forth the utmost attention and become informed of one another's character, and the firm covenant between them must become an eternal bond, and their intention must be everlasting affinity, friend- ship, unity and life. "The bridegroom must, before the bridesmen and few others, say: * Verily, we are content with the Will of God.' And the bride must rejoin: * Verily, we are satisfied with the desire of God/ This is Baha'i matrimony. 'Abdu'l-Baha's Tablets, p. 325. 3 Bahd'Ullah and The New Era, p. 154, Esselmont. io8 Portals To Freedom "Regarding the question of matrimony: know that the command of marriage is eternal. It will never be changed or altered. This is a Divine Creation and there is not the slightest possibility that change or alteration shall affect this Divine Creation (marriage). 'Abdu'l-Baha's Tablets, p. 474. "Among the majority of the people of the world marriage consists of physical relationship, and the union and relationship is but temporary, for at the end physical separation is destined and ordained. But the marriage of the people of Baha must consist of both physical and spiritual relationship, for both of them are quickened by the wine of one cup, are attracted by One Peerless Countenance, vivified by one life and illumined by one Light. This is the spiritual relationship and everlasting union. "Likewise in the physical world they are bound to- gether with strong and unbreakable ties. When relation- ship, union and concord exist between the two from a physical and spiritual standpoint, that is a real union and is, therefore, everlasting. But if the union is merely from a physical point of view it is unquestionably temporary, and in the end separation is inevitable. "Consequently when the people of Baha desire to enter the sacred union of matrimony, eternal connection, ideal relationship, spiritual and physical association of thoughts and conceptions of life must exist between them, so that in all the grades of existence, and in all the worlds of God this union may continue forever and ever. For this Union is a splendor of the Light of the Love of God. "Likewise if the souls become real believers in God they will find themselves ushered into this exalted state of relationship, become manifestors of the Love of the Portals To Freedom 109 Merciful, and exhilarated by the cup of the Love of God. Undoubtedly that union and relationship is eternal. "The souls who sacrifice self, become detached from the imperfections of the realm of man, and free from the bondage of this ephemeral world, assuredly the splendors of the rays of Divine Union shall shine in their hearts, and they shall find ideal relationship and happiness in the Eternal Paradise." (Signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha Abbas. In the first two of the above selections it will be noted that the emphasis is upon the eternality of the true mar- riage union. In the third quotation a careful reading will disclose the three ways in which this unending union may be achieved, (a) When two souls on the altars of whose hearts burns the fire of the love of God, find that light reflected in each other and that flame, commingled, be- comes one fire, (b) When two souls having become united in physical union afterwards become illumined by the Eternal Love, that union also becomes eternal. 'Abdu'l- Baha once wrote concerning a believer who had married a non-believer, or was about to marry: "This marriage is permissible, but Miss - must exert herself day and night so that she may guide her husband. She must not rest until she makes him her spiritual as well as physical partner in life." (c) The last paragraph relates to those souls who never in this world find their true spiritual mate, and remain deprived throughout this transitory life of that great joy. To such He says: "If you become detached from this IIP _ Portals To Freedom ephemeral world and the imperfections of the realms of man, assuredly the splendors of Divine Union will shine in your heart and you find ideal relationship and happi- ness in the Eternal Paradise." Speaking of the reality of love 'Abdu'1-Baha said: "There are but four kinds of Love: (a) The love of God for His Creation, the reflection of Himself in the mirror of creation. Through one ray of this Love all other love exists. (b) The Love of God for His children, His servants. Through this love man is endowed with physical exist- ence, until through the Breaths of the Holy Spirit this same Love he receives eternal life and becomes the image of the Living God. This love is the origin of all the love in the world of creation. (c) "The love of man for God. This is attraction to the Divine World, entrance into the Kingdom of God, receiving the Bounties of God, illumination with the Lights of the Kingdom. This love is the origin of all philanthropy; this love causes the heart of man to reflect the rays of the Sun of Reality. (d) "The love of man for man. The love which exists between the believers in God is prompted by the ideal of the unity of spirits. This love is attained through the knowledge of God, so that men see the Divine Love reflected in the heart. Each sees in the other the Beauty of God reflected in the soul, and, finding this point of similarity, they are attracted to one another in love. This love will make all men the waves of one sea, the stars of one heaven, the fruits of one tree. Portals To Freedom 111 "But the love which sometimes exists between friends is not true love, because it is subject to transmutation. As the breeze blows the slender trees yield. If the wind is in the East the tree leans toward the West, and if the wind turns to the West the tree leans towards the East. This kind of love is originated by the accidental conditions of life. This is not love, it is merely acquaintanceship: it is subject to change " 4 It seems impossible to read these divine Words without an inner conviction growing in the heart that Man, in this dispensation, is being ushered into a new and hitherto un- realized world: the world of Reality; the world of the Spirit. No imagination can compass the world of man, the coming social Order, when it becomes impregnated with this Spirit, when it becomes illumined, as it surely will, by this supreme Sun. And when we have seen in the very life of ' Abdu'1-Baha this Light manifested, when before our eyes we have witnessed the power and beauty of such ideals fully ex- pressed, and are told in Words of matchless beauty and wisdom that such a life may be approximated by all who submit themselves to the Rays of the Supreme Love, how the heart is stirred to realize this experience, and the will summoned to assist, to one's fullest capacity, in bringing about this Kingdom of Love upon the earth! 'Abdu'l-Baha's many references to the children of the New Day invites the mind to a most enthralling con- * "Wisdom of 'Abdu'1-Baha," pp. 167-68. 1 1 2 Portals To Freedom sideration. His allusions to such children, especially when born of such heavenly union as already described, are many and beautiful. Taken in connection with the fore- going excerpts on marriage, and its eternal bond, they give a faint indication of what human society may be when the World Order of Baha'U'llah is established. Space can be given to only two or three citations. "These children are neither oriental nor occidental, neither Asiatic nor American, neither European nor African; but they are children of the Kingdom; their home is Heaven and their resort is the Kingdom of Abha." Tablets of 'Abdu'1-Baha, Vol. 3, p. 647. "The newly born babe of that Day excels the wisest and most venerable men of this time, and the lowliest and most unlearned of that period shall surpass in under- standing the most erudite and accomplished divines of this age." The Bab to His disciples. Dawn Breakers, p. 94. "It is incumbent upon thee to nurture thy children from the breast of the Love of God, to urge them to- wards spiritual matters, to turn unto God and acquire good manners, best characteristics and praiseworthy virtues and qualities in the world of humanity; and to study sciences with the utmost diligence; so that they may become spiritual, heavenly and attracted to the fragrances of sanctity from childhood and be reared in a religious, spiritual and heavenly training." 'Abdu'1-Bah*. Portals To Freedom 1 1 3 A CHILD'S PRAYER.* "O my Lord! O my Lord! I am a child of tender years; nourish me from the breast of Thy Mercy, train me in the bosom of Thy Love. Educate me in the school of Thy Guidance and develop me under the shadow of Thy Bounty. Deliver me from darkness; make me a brilliant light. Free me from unhappiness; make me a flower of Thy Rose-Garden. Suffer me to become the servant of Thy Threshold and confer upon me the disposition and nature of the righteous ones. Make me a cause of bounty to the human world and crown my head with the diadem of Eternal Life! Verily Thou are the Powerful, the Mighty, the Seer, the Hearer!" 'Abdu'1-Baha. *From the Baha'i Prayerbook. 'Abdu'1-Baha Section. Chapter Eight In Dublin, N. H. With 'Abdu'l-Bahd "THE MOST PERFECT GENTLEMAN I HAVE EVER KNOWN." THE MASTER TEACHER. THE SPIRITUAL WARRIOR. A FABLE. "IT BEHOOVES YOU TO MANIFEST LIGHT." THE GIFT. THE FIRST TABLET. "We have come here for work and Service, not for enjoy- ment of air and scenery." 'Abdu'1-Baha in Dublin, N. H. IN August of that year in which a New World opened, an invitation came to me to be the guest of 'Abdu'l- Baha in Dublin, N. H. One of the Washington friends, at whose home in that city 'Abdu'1-Baha had visited and spoken several times, had offered Him the use of a large farmhouse on her lovely estate in Dublin. As this house, however, was pretty well filled with the large party of Persian and American friends who accompanied Him, He had taken a room in Portals To Freedom 1 1 5 the Dublin Inn and it was there He entertained me, over the week-end of August 9, 1912. Dublin is a beautiful mountain Summer resort where gathers each year a colony of wealthy intellectuals from Washington, D. C. and from various large centers. 'Abdu'l-Baha's stay in that place for a period of three weeks offers another evidence of His unique power of adaptation to every environment; His dominant humility in every group, which, while seeming to follow He really led, and His manifest all-embracing knowledge. Picture, if you can, this Oriental, fresh from more than fifty years of exile and prison life, suddenly placed in an environment representing the proudest culture of the Western world. Nothing in His life, one would reason- ably presume, had offered a preparation for such a contact. Not to His youth had been given years of academic and scholastic training. Not to His young manhood had been supplied those subtle associations during His formative years. Not upon His advancing age had been bestowed the comforts and leisure which invite the mind's expanse. Quite the contrary, as I have endeavored to portray, His life had been a constant submission to every form of hardship and deprivation, when considered from a ma- terial standpoint alone. Dungeons and chains had been His lot. Torture not seldom; confinement in the stocks, or any indignity which heartless jailers might design, His portion. The Bible and the Koran His only books. How, then, can it be explained that in this environment He not only mingled with these highest products of 1 1 6 Portals To Freedom wealth and culture with no slightest embarrassment to them or to Him, but He literally outshone them in their chosen field. No matter what subject was brought up He was per- fectly at home in its discussion, yet always with an under- current of modesty and loving consideration for the opin- ions of others. I have before spoken of His unfailing courtesy. It was really more than what that term usually connotes to the Western mind. The same Persian word is used for both reverence and courtesy. He "saw the Face of His Heavenly Father in every face" and rever- enced the soul behind it. How could one be discourteous if such an attitude was held towards everyone! The husband of 'Abdu'l-Baha's hostess in Dublin, who, while never becoming an avowed believer, had many op- portunities of meeting and talking with the Master, when asked to sum up his impressions of Him, responded, after a little consideration: "I think He is the most perfect gentleman I have ever known." Consider. This was the verdict of a man of inherited wealth; of wide and profound culture; accustomed to judge men by delicate standards, and to whom the word 'gentleman' connoted all which he held most admirable. And the term was applied by him to a man who, it is not improbable, had never in His long life of imprisonment ever heard the word as relating to him. One may, perhaps, get a glimpse, if he considers deeply this rather portentous fact, of what Baha'U'llah means when He says: "The root of all knowledge is the knowl- edge of God." And again: "Knowledge is one point: the Portals To Freedom 1 1 7 ignorant have multiplied it." It may be true, as He has many times reiterated, that the only true Life is that of the spirit, and that when one lives and moves and thinks con- stantly upon the spiritual plane, all things, both great and small, are done with perfectness. Certainly, in my many contacts with this Master of Life, I never knew Him to fail in manifesting the highest quali- ties of conduct, whether in the realm of material action or in intellectual or spiritual teaching. I remember a luncheon party in Dublin, to which came a number of these Summer residents to meet 'Abdu'l- Baha. There were present a famous scientist, two well- known artists, a physician of note, and all of the fifteen or twenty people present had a background of more than one generation of wealth or culture. Could it be possible to imagine a more glaring contrast with the life 'Abdu'l- Baha had lived? The hostess, who had visited the Master in 'Akka while he was still a prisoner there, and whose life had become transformed through her spiritual contact with Him, has spoken to me of this gathering several times. Naturally, she was somewhat concerned that her friends whom she had known for years in the social life of Washington, Baltimore and New York, should know the Master, to a degree at least, as she had known Him, but there was trepidation in her soul. For these men and women were not of a religious trend of thought. In fact several of them were frankly agnostic, and all were uninterested in that phase of life. 1 1 8 Portals To Freedom She wanted her party to be a success, of course, but more she wished these friends to get a glimpse, if only a glimpse, of that World of Reality into which 'Abdu'l- Baha had ushered her. She wondered, she has told me, how 'Abdu'1-Baha would handle the situation, for she knew that she would not have the responsibility for its handling. 'Abdu'1-Baha was always the Host, His the dominating voice. I was present at that gathering, but little of its true sig- nificance penetrated my consciousness. I have but the memory of a typical luncheon party where had gathered a group of society's intelligentsia to meet a noteworthy personality. It is a perpetual wonder to me, as I recall to memory those months, during which, all unrecognized by me, the portals to spiritual freedom were slowly swinging wide, how little I understood what was really happening. I see now what a tremendous task it is to open the eyes of the blind. No wonder our Lord Christ marvelled that those to whom He spake and upon whom He smiled, having eyes and ears and hearts, saw not, nor heard nor under- stood. No wonder that tradition has handed down to us the confusion of thought which must have afflicted those to whom came the revelations of the miracle of bestowed spiritual sight. To them, and even to us, too often physical sight was the great blessing; the loss of it the great tragedy; its restoration the great miracle. But to Jesus, and to all true Seers, physical sight is blindness compared to the Sight of the Spirit. 'Abdu'1-Baha calls it seeing by "The Light Divine" and says: Portals To Freedom 1 19 "Seek with all your hearts for this Heavenly Light, so that you may be able to understand the Realities, that you may know the secret things of God, that the hidden ways may be made plain before your eyes. By the help of this effulgent Light all the spiritual interpretations of the Holy Writings have been made plain, the hidden things of God's universe have become manifest, and we have been able to comprehend the Divine purposes for man." l Truly a miracle of miracles it is that earth-blinded eyes ever open to the World of Reality. Most of those present at this luncheon party knew a little of 'Abdu'l-Baha's life history, and, presumably, were expecting a dissertation from Him on the Baha'i Cause. The hostess had suggested to the Master that He speak to them on the subject of Immortality. However, as the meal progressed, and no more than the usual commonplaces of polite society were mentioned, the hostess made an opening, as she thought, for 'Abdu'1-Baha to speak on spiritual things. His response to this was to ask if He might tell them a story, and he related one of the Oriental tales, of which He had a great store and at its conclusion all laughed heartily. The ice was broken. Others added stories of which the Master's anecdote had reminded them. Then 'Abdu'l- Baha, His face beaming with happiness, told another i Wisdom of 'Abdu'1-Baha, pp. 62-63. 1 20 Portals To Freedom story, and another. His laughter rang through the room. He said that the Orientals, had many such stories illus- trating different phases of life. Many of them are ex- tremely humorous. It is good to laugh. Laughter is a spiritual relaxation. When they were in prison, He said, and under the utmost deprivation and difficulties, each of them at the close of the day would relate the most ludicrous event which had happened. Sometimes it was a little difficult to find one but always they would laugh until the tears would roll down their cheeks. Happiness, He said, is never dependent upon material surroundings, otherwise how sad those years would have been. As it was they were always in the utmost state of joy and happiness. That was the nearest approach He came to any refer- ence to Himself or to the Divine Teachings. But over that group before the gathering dispersed, hovered a hush and reverence which no learned dissertation would have caused in them. After the guests had gone, and 'Abdu'1-Baha was leav- ing for His hotel, He came close to His hostess and asked her, with a little wistful smile, almost, she was used to say, like a child seeking approbation, if she were pleased with Him. -"* She was never able to speak of this conclusion to the event without deep emotion. 'Abdu'1-Baha was to speak in the Unitarian church that Sunday morning, but He had intimated that He would talk with me before the time for the service, so, about half -past-nine I was awaiting Him in one of the spacious private parlors of the Inn. Portals To Freedom 1 2 1 The events of that day are among my clearest remem- brances connected with the Master. At that time, about four months after my first meeting with Him, and seven months after first hearing of this world-wide movement, I was still, it seemed, almost as far away as ever from any true understanding of what it was all about. I was per- petually tossing in the turbulent Sea of Spirit: at brief moments caught in the upthrust of that surging ocean of Truth, and for an instant dazzled by the Light of the Sun of Reality. But only for a moment; then dropped again into the trough of the sea and shut from that Light. Each time the illumination came I clung to it and said within my heart: "This time I will not let Thee go." And each time, when the darkness closed around, my agonized heart averred: "The Light is gone forever. It was but a dream born of vain hopes." I have before spoken of this inward turmoil. I speak of it again trusting that other struggling souls may find in the analysis of my experience a suggestion for a similar analysis of their own. For this servant is fully assured that every aspiring soul must fight over much the same ground. And the fight is never over, "There is no surcease in this War." For every battle won opens a wider field of combat against the never-sleeping foe of Self and the contingent* world. I often, in those days of early recognition of this fact, likened this warfare to the great war of nations even then rumbling in the Balkans. For, just as the soldier, when *In the Baha'i terminology it means the world around us, pressing upon us, contracting us and so distracting our attention that we are apt to leave God out of our reckoning. 1 2 2 Portals To Freedom the zero hour strikes, plunges over his breastwork, and, through hail of shot and shell, dashes against the enemy, and, having gained what ground he can, digs in and sticks, never retreating, never abandoning ground once gained; so the spiritual warrior fortifies each step, each yard of ground, never looking back. Also he never for- gets that far ahead lies the enemy's chief stronghold, his base of supplies, his capital city, the city of self and desire, attachment to this world. Not until that stronghold is completely overthrown, and the "strongly fortified for- tress" of God's Will and His Desire attained, can any permanent and honorable Peace be secured. And again he never forgets that there is a Commander in Chief di- recting the War, and that the "Hosts of the Supreme Concourse" are assisting him. Hence he knows that final victory is assured. During those early and terrible days of this fighting I was at times tempted to retreat. It was not easy to face the supercilious comments of my ministerial associates; the adverse criticisms of my family and friends; the cool- ing good-will of the influential members of my congrega- tion. One of my clergymen associates asked me one day: "Are you still Baha'-ing around?" While a member of my own family told me I was a pathological case, and needed a physician. Why I did not retreat I cannot tell. Partly, I suppose, it was because I did not realize whither the Path was lead- ing. If all that the following five or seven years were to hold, if I advanced, had been revealed to me at that time, Portals To Freedom 1 2 3 I greatly doubt if my courage would have sufficed to brave them. On the other hand, the glimpses I had at times of the very Glory of God; the possibilities of human attainment for the first time revealed; the happiness unspeakable that, if only for brief moments, swept over me, repaid for all the ground abandoned. I was "in the Grip of God." When in the depths, and darkness again closed around, it was so unbearable that I, perforce, must find the Light again. I could not have retreated had I wished. Some time later, to aid a friend in the throes of a similar struggle I concocted a little fable illustrating this. Once on a time a traveller was lost in a dense wilderness. It seemed that for endless ages he had wandered forlorn. No path there was; no sun by which to get his bearings. The briers tore his flesh, the pitiless wind and rain poured down their wrath. He had no home. Then suddenly, when hope was gone, he came out upon a mountain side overlooking a lovely valley, in which was set a heavenly palace, the very Home of his dreams. With joy unspeakable he rushed to enter. But hardly had his foot stepped within its precincts when a heavy hand grasped him by the neck and back he was again in that dread wilderness. But now he was not without hope. He had seen his home. And with a courage unknown before he set upon his search. He was more careful now. He watched for signs of the Path. And strove to pierce the overhanging gloom for gleams of light. And, after weary search, again he saw his home. He was more careful now. He did not rush to enter. He noted how it lay. He oriented by the sun. And softly his reverent feet bore him within. 1 24 Portals To Freedom But, alas, again the heavy hand tore him from that loved home and back again he was in that vast wilderness. But now his heart was not at all cast down. He had his bearings! And with great joy set upon his search again. And now he marked the trees so he could find the path again. The sky grew clearer overhead and gleams of sun assisted. And soon, much sooner than before, he found his home again, and entered. This time he felt more calm and assured. This time he felt no fear of grasping hand. And when it came and grasped, and he was back in that foul wilder- ness of worldly things, He hastened with sure feet upon his search. The Sun shone brightly now. The songs of birds entranced his ear. And now he beat a Path. He tore away the impeding underbrush. For well he knew that he would often have to tread his way back and forth, while in this world. But he had found his home, and when the roar of men confused, And darkness came, he hastened back from self to God. That Sunday with 'Abdu'1-Baha in Dublin was one of my days of Light. He came into the room where I awaited Him and embraced me, asking if I were well and happy. We must always be happy, He said, for it is impossible to live in the Spiritual World and be sad. God desires happi- ness for all His creatures. For man especially is this joy ordained for he has the capacity to understand Reality. The world of the spirit is open to him as it is not to the kingdoms of Nature below him. It is through the power of this spirit-energy that he is able to conquer Nature and bend its forces to his will. God has sent His Messengers all through the ages to aid men in this conquest. I cannot recall the exact words, of course, but His point of view Portals To Freedom 125 and the atmosphere of Truth created is indelibly im- pressed upon my consciousness. It was during this conversation that I asked Him again, as I often had, why I should believe in Baha'U'llah as the latest and most universal of these Messengers. He looked at me long and searchingly. His smile broadened. Again He seemed to be enjoying a heavenly situation which was not without its humorous side. Then He was lovingly grave again. After a somewhat lengthy silence He said that it was not given to everyone to speak often of His Holiness Christ to men. He said that I must thank God daily for this great bounty, for men have entirely forgotten the pure teachings of this "Essence of Severance." He remarked that His Holiness Baha'U'llah speaks of this in the Book of Certitude and that I should study it carefully. In that book is explained how these stars of the Heaven of Christ's Revelation have fallen to the earth of worldly desires. On their tongues the men- tion of God has often become an empty Name; in their midst His Holy Word a dead letter. This condition is that to which Christ refers, He said, when He speaks of "the oppression or affliction of the Last Days." What greater affliction could be imagined than that under which the self-appointed spiritual leaders are themselves in darkness. 2 Praise be to God that you are seeking Light. It behooves you to manifest Light; to express in word and deed the pure teachings of His Holiness the Christ. To the proud we must be humble; He said, to the humble, compas- sionate; to the ignorant ones be as a student before his 2 See Book of Certitude by Baha'U'llah, pp. 29-31. 126 Portals To Freedom master; to the sinful ones be as the greatest sinner of all. To the poor be a benefactor; to the orphan, a father; to the aged, a son. Take guidance, not from leaders of sectarian theology but from the Sermon on the Mount. Seek no earthly reward, nay, rather, accept calamities in His service as His first disciples did. 3 He smiled at me with such heavenly radiance that I sat enthralled and overcome with an emotion indescribable. Then he fell silent and His eyes closed. I thought He was weary, as doubtless He was for His constant activity gave Him little rest. But it was plain to me later that He must have been praying for me. I, too, was still. How could I speak! I was in a World far removed from my habitual consciousness. It even, for those blissful moments, seemed possible to do as He com- manded. Certainly I knew that that was what I should do, and for the first time a glimmer of the conviction came to me that I could never rest until I should approach this station to which He called me, if not in this world then in some other. He opened His eyes after a while, smiled again, and said that all who truly seek find; that the door to the World of Reality was never closed to those who patiently knock. This is the Day of attainment. The very atmosphere of that conventional hotel room seemed impregnated with the Holy Spirit. We sat in silence for some time and then a message came that it was 8 Gleanings from Writings of Baha'U'llah, p. 285. Portals To Freedom 127 time to go to the church. He embraced me again and left me. For a little while I sat alone trying to adjust myself again to my surroundings, for I had truly been transported to another world. Then some friends came to ask me to accompany them to the church to hear the Master's talk. What His subject was I do not recall, nor does a single word of His address remain with me. My memory is all of the quiet New England church; the crowded pews, and 'Abdu'1-Baha on the platform. His cream-colored robe; His white hair and beard; His radiant smile and courteous demeanor. And His gestures! Never a dogmatic downward stroke of the hand; never an upraised warning finger; never the assumption of teacher to the taught. But always the encouraging upward swing of hands, as though He would actually lift us up with them. And His voice! Like a resonant bell of finest timbre; never loud but of such penetrating quality that the walls of the room seemed to vibrate with its music. I do remember, however, that what He said impressed me with the force of the impact of Divine Truth. There was not a question in my mind of the authority with which He spake. Truly, not as the scribes! I recall that as I left the church and joined some of the New York friends who were among the audience, I said to one of them: "At last I know. Never again will I doubt or question." Alas, I spoke too soon. Many months too soon. My scholastic training had gone too deep. The habits of a life- 1 2 8 Portals To Freedom time of depending upon book learning, which, as Baha- 'U'llah says, has: "Like a gloomy dust enveloped the world,"* were not to be so quickly broken. That evening I felt that I must speak to 'Abdu'1-Baha once more. My heart was too full of thankfulness to let me rest without the effort to express it to Him. So I watched for Him to come back to the Inn after His day was ended. It was quite late when at last I saw Him slowly ascending the stairs to His room. I can hardly believe now that I had the temerity to follow. He had entered the room when I reached it, and had closed the door. What gave me courage to knock I do not know; but knock I did, and He opened the door Himself. I did not know what to say. He beckoned me in and looked at me gravely. I stammered: "Will you please pray with me?" He motioned, and I knelt while He put His hands upon my head and chanted, in Persian, a brief prayer. It was all over within three minutes. But those moments brought to me a peace I had never known. Before I leave the recital of the Dublin experience I will relate an incident to which I was not a witness but was told me by one who saw it. It seems that she was occupying a room in the Inn at the same time that 'Abdu'l- Baha was there. She was dressing and happening to glance out of the window she saw 'Abdu'1-Baha pacing up and down dictating to His secretary. An old man, wretchedly From The Seven Valleys by Baha'U'llah. Portals To Freedom 129 clothed, passed the Inn as she watched. 'Abdu'1-Baha sent His secretary to call him back. The Master stepped up to him and took his hand, smil- ing into his face as though greeting a welcome friend. The man was very ragged and dirty. His trousers partic- ularly were filthy and barely covered his limbs. 'Abdu'l- Baha talked with him a few moments, His face a smiling benediction. He seemed to be trying to cheer the old man and finally there did appear the trace of a smile, but it was rather bleak. 'Abdu'l-Baha's eyes swept the pitiable figure, and then He laughed gently: He said something to the effect that the old man's trousers were not very serviceable and that we must remedy that lack. It was very early in the morning and the street deserted. My friend, watching, saw 'Abdu'1-Baha step into the shadow of the porch and He seemed to be fumbling under His 'aba at the waist. Then He stooped, His trousers dropped to the ground. He gathered his robe about Him and turning handed the trousers to the old man. "May God go with you," He said, and turned to the secretary as if nothing unusual had happened. I wonder what that man thought as he went his way. I like to think that this glimpse into a world in which someone cared enough for him to give him his own garb rather than that he should need, marked an epoch in his life, and transformed the "brass of this world into gold by the alchemy of the spirit," as Baha 'U'llah says. During the prison life in 'Akka 'Abdu'1-Baha often gave His bed to those who had none, and He always refused to own more than one coat. 1 30 Portals To Freedom "Why should I have two," He said, "when there are so many who have none?" I mention these things in this connection to show that 'Abdu'1-Baha did not tell others the way of Life without walking therein Himself. In this incident I saw reflected indeed His advice to me in the parlor of the Inn that memorable Sunday. A few days after leaving Dublin I wrote 'Abdu'1-Baha thanking Him for His courtesy and kindness. And soon there came His first Tablet* to me, in answer to my letter, which I had not thought required an answer. It was dated August 26, 1912. 1 quote it in full, for the universal viewpoint from which all His words were writ- ten robs them of any personal limitation. "O thou, my revered friend: Your letter imparted the utmost rejoicing, for its con- tents evidenced attraction to the Kingdom of God and enkindlement with the Fire of the Love of God! A hundred thousand ministers have come and gone: they left behind no trace nor fruit, nor were their lives productive. To be fruitless in the world of humanity is the mani- fest loss. A wise person will not attach his heart to ephemeral things: nay, rather, will he continually seek immortal life and strive to obtain eternal happiness. Now, praise be to God that thou hast turned thy face *In the Baha'i terminology all writings of these divine messengers are spoken of as "Tablets'* implying their imperishableness. Portals To Freedom 1 3 1 towards the Kingdom, and art aspiring to receive Divine Bestowals from the Realm of Might. I have become hopeful, and prayed that thou mayest attain to another Bounty; seek another Life; ask for another World; draw nearer unto God; become informed of the Mysteries of the Kingdom; attain to Life Eternal and become encircled with the Glory Everlasting. Upon thee be the Glory of the Most Glorious!" (signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha 'Abbas. Written from Maiden, Mass. 8/26/1912 I well remember the feelings with which I read this. It was to me then simply a beautiful letter, couched in Oriental imagery. That the last paragraph contained an actual summons to enter another World; to become truly informed of Mysteries hitherto unknown; to be, in very truth and as a personal experience, encircled with the Glory Everlasting and enter, while on this little planet, into a new and higher Life, so free, so vast, so joyous that only the word "eternal" would apply: all this did not dawn upon me for years. It has become, however, increasingly apparent to me as the years have passed, that to the Writer these words ex- pressed the station in which He constantly lived, and that the great objective of His life work was to summon men to as close an approximation of that station as their capacity would permit. 1 3 2 Portals To Freedom Chapter Nine THE AMERICAN ITINERARY. THE POWER OF THE SPIRIT. TRUE GREATNESS. THE DIVINE TEACHING METHOD. "He is truly wise whom the world and all that is therein have not deterred from recognizing the light of this Day, who will not allow men's idle talk to cause him to swerve from the way of righteousness. He is indeed as one dead who, at the wondrous dawn of this Revelation, hath failed to be quickened by its soul-stirring breeze. He is in- deed a captive who hath not recognized the Supreme Re- deemer, but hath suffered his soul to be bound, distressed and helpless, in the fetters of desires." Gleanings from the writings of Baha'U'llah, pp. 168-69. DURING the rest of that summer I was much oc- cupied with work which carried me to various parts of the Eastern states while 'Abdu'1-Baha was absent from that part of the country, making His memorable trip throughout the West. Portals To Freedom 1 3 3 In this interval of three months from the time of my visit to Dublin and my next meeting with the Master in New York on November 1 5th, 'Abdu'1-Baha had covered an itinerary and addressed audiences which, considering His age, His historical background and the large number of the friends who followed Him from place to place, has few parallels in history. From the time I left His Presence in Dublin, N. H., His itinerary was as follows: Aug. i6th.-24th. Greenacre, Eliot, Me. 5 Addresses " 25th.-3oth. Boston & Maiden, Mass. 4 Sept. ist.-ioth. Montreal, Canada 5 1 6th.- 1 pth. Chicago, 111. i 2oth.-22nd. Minneapolis & St. Paul, Minn. 2 24th. Denver, Colo. 2 Oct. i St.- 1 5th. San Fran., Oakland, Palo Alto, Cal. 4 1 8th. Los Angeles, Cal. (no accu- rate record at hand) . He was there 2 days and at least 3 25th. & 26th Sacramento, Cal 2 3ist. Chicago, 111. i Nov. 5th. Cincinnati, O. i 6th.-i2th. Washington, D. C. 10 Nov. i5th.-Dec. 5th. New York City 13 Making a total of fifty-three addresses, besides, prob- ably scores of personal interviews and informal talks to small groups of friends. 1 34 Portals To Freedom From the time of His arrival in this country and His Dublin sojourn, His itinerary and Talks were as follows: April nth.-igth. New York City 13 Addresses 2oth.-25th. Washington, D. C. 13 Apr. 3oth.-May 5th.* Chicago, III. 15 May 6th. Cleveland, O. 2 yth. Pittsburgh, Pa. i uth.-2oth. New York City and vicinity 7 23rd.-24th. Boston & vicinity 3 May 26th.-June 8th. New York and vicinity 7 Junepth. Philadelphia 2 " June nth.-July i5th, New York & vicinity 20 July 23rd.-25th. Boston & vicinity 3 August 5th.-6th. Dublin, N. H. 2 (To my personal knowledge 'Abdu'1-Baha made several more addresses in Dublin than are recorded in the volumes of His Talks published under the title The Promulga- tion of Universal Peace. But that is the official record.) It is not simply the interest that attaches to the fact that this man, in his sixty-ninth year, was able to accomplish this rather remarkable feat of physical and intellectual endurance which prompts this catalogue of his Summer's work. There is a deeper significance to be discerned by those who attended him during his journeyings, or even by those who have read this chronicle carefully and sympathet- ically. During this very Summer, the poet and sage, Rabindranath Tagore, had been under contract to deliver a series of lectures in America. After covering a part of his proposed itinerary, which was not nearly as extensive as that of 'Abdu'l-Baha's, his strength and nerves were exhausted and he cancelled his contract and returned to *He made 5 addresses on May ind and 3 on May 5th. Portals To Freedom 135 India. He said he could not bear the materialistic vibra- tions of America. It needs also to be disclosed that while Tagore's contract called for a sizable financial remunera- tion, 'Abdu'1-Baha had no contract, other than the Covenant of selfless Servitude made with Baha'U'llah in the sanctuary of His heart, and, furthermore, so far from demanding or expecting any financial reward, He con- sistently refused the slightest remuneration, and even when entertained by solicitous and generous hosts He was punctilious in seeing to it that gifts to both host and ser- vants of the household far outweighed what He received. Also He emphasized the spiritual capacity of the Amer- ican people which Tagore decried. When He stayed at hotels his "tips" to servants who waited on Him were often so generous as to excite astonishment. But even this does not at all cover what He gave. In several instances that have come to my personal knowledge His spiritual influence upon chambermaids and porters was such that one of them said to one of those accompanying the Mas- ter: "This is sacred money. I shall never spend it upon myself." Is comment necessary? Whence came the Power of body, mind and Spirit which enabled this Man, unused to Western bustle, competition and nervous strain; all His long life subject to persecution, imprisonment and hatred; cast suddenly into an environment for which he could have had no preparation, so to master every situation with which He was confronted? I have shown how this mastery extended to the details of the society of culture and luxury, but it was no less noticeable, no less victorious, when in contact with the humble and sorrowing. 136 Portals To Freedom How is it possible to ignore such conquering majesty! How can one refrain from searching with passionate intensity for the secret of His power! To me, after all these years of study and prayer in my search for this key, there can be only one answer, the answer given by 'Abdu'1-Baha himself, and even more convincingly by the Blessed Perfection, (Baha'U'llah). Ponder carefully the following quotations: "Although the body was weak and not fitted to under- go the vicissitudes of crossing the Atlantic, yet love assisted us and we came here. At certain times the spirit must assist the body. We cannot accomplish really great things through physical force alone; the spirit must fortify our bodily strength. For example: the body of man may be able to with- stand the ordeals of imprisonment for ten or fifteen years under temperate conditions of climate and restful physical routine. During our imprisonment at 'Akka means of comfort were lacking, troubles and persecutions of all kinds sur- rounded us, yet notwithstanding such distressful condi- tions we were able to endure these trials for forty years. What was the reason? The Spirit was strengthening and resuscitating the body constantly. We lived through this long, difficult period in the utmost love and servitude. The spirit must assist the body under certain conditions which surround us, because the body of itself cannot endure the extreme of such hardships. In proportion as the human body is weak the spirit of man is strong. It is a supernatural power which transcends Portals To Freedom 1 3 7 all contingent beings. It has immortal life which nothing can destroy or pervert. . . How powerful is the spirit of man, while his body is so weak! . . . Therefore it is divinely intended that the spiritual susceptibilities of man should gain precedence and overrule his physical forces. In this way he becomes fitted to dominate the human world by his nobility, and stand forth fearless and free, endowed with the attributes of eternal life." "The human body is in need of material force, but the spirit has need of the Holy Spirit. .. If it is aided by the bounty of the Holy Spirit it will attain great power; it will discover realities; it will be informed of the mysteries." "The power of the Holy Spirit is here for all." "The captive of the Holy Spirit is exempt from every captivity." "The teachings of His Holiness Baha'U'llah are the breaths of the Holy Spirit which create man anew." Words of 'Abdu'1-Baha. Divine Art of Living. "There is a Power in this Cause far, far transcending the ken of men and angels." l These few excerpts from the hundreds which might be cited will give a slight conception of the Source of 'Abdu'l-Baha's Power to dominate every situation with which He was confronted. Even His physical condition was reinforced constantly by this Divine Power. On one occasion after a particularly exhausting day He was returning late at night from a gathering at which He had spoken with much energy and 1 Baha'i Scriptures, p. 304. 1 3 8 Portals To Freedom effectiveness. In the automobile he showed great weari- ness. He relaxed and gradually sank into almost a comatose condition. The friends who were with Him were greatly alarmed. On arriving at their destination He had to be almost carried into the house and to His room. Within fifteen minutes, while the friends were gathered in great anxiety in the lower rooms, His voice was heard resound- ing with even more than its usual energy and power calling for His secretary, and He appeared at the top of the stairs His usual dominant, smiling, forceful self. "Blessed is he who was attracted by My Melodies and rent the coverings by My Power." 2 To 'Abdu'1-Baha I had written once or twice during the Summer for my mind and heart gave me no rest. I carried with me on my travels through the Eastern States a small satchel devoted entirely to the books and type- written Tablets of Baha'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha (of which, by the way, there is a very large available quantity besides many volumes not yet translated into English) and I, literally, read nothing else, not even newspapers, during all those months. From this fact may be gathered a faint indication of my mental and spiritual perturbation. It seemed as though the focal center of my life had 2 Baha'U'llah: Tablet to Christians. See Baha'i Scriptures, pp. 124-130. Portals To Freedom 1 39 suddenly shifted, and all my interests were revolving around a new and most disturbing axis. When my church activities were resumed in the Fall I found it impossible to secure the financial support neces- sary to continue the work of the Brotherhood Church, and it was my letter to 'Abdu'1-Baha telling Him of this and also of my intense and growing interest in the teach- ings of Baha'U'llah, which brought to me His second Tablet. It was evidently written on His way from Wash- ington to New York and translated and forwarded to me from New York by His secretary immediately upon His arrival. It was as follows: "O thou spiritual friend! Thy letter was received. I was made very sad on account of the event of the clos- ing of the Church of Brotherhood. But when I was in those parts I remarked to you that you should not place your confidence in those souls. They say many things but do not fulfil them. You stated that 'my first assistant is a philosopher.' It is true that philosophy in this age consists in the fact that man is out of touch with God; he is out of touch with the Kingdom of God; he is out of touch with spiritual sus- ceptibilities; he is out of touch with the Holy Spirit, and out of touch with the ideal verities. To wit: he may be an agnostic and a captive of the tangibilities. In reality her highness the Cow enjoys this attribute and quality. The Cow is naturally a denier of God, a denier of the Kingdom, a denier of spiritualities and a denier of the heavenly verities. She has attained to these 140 Portals To Freedom virtues without labor. Therefore she is the philosopher emeritus. Our philosophers of this age after twenty years of study and reflection in the universities attain to the station of the Cow. They know only the senses as the verities. Therefore her highness the Cow is the great phi- losopher, for she has been a philosopher from the begin- ning of her life and not after the hard mental labor of twenty years. I have mentioned the fact to you that these promises are unstable. You should not put your trust in a soul who is without God. In brief: be thou not unhappy. This event has happened so that thou mayest become freed from all other occupa- tions, day and night thou mayest call the people to the Kingdom; spread the teachings of Baha 'U'llah; inaugurate the Era of the New Life; promulgate the Reality, and be sanctified and purified from all save God. It is my hope that thou mayest become as such. Crown thy head with this diadem of the Kingdom whose brilliant jewels have such illumining power that they shall shine upon centuries and cycles. Ere long I shall reach New York and meet again my beloved friend. Upon thee be Baha El Abha! (The Glory of the Most Glorious.)" (signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha Abbas. Translated: New York, November i4th, 1912. The receipt of this Tablet left upon my mind two dis- tinct and oddly contrasting impressions. The obvious one, ^^^^^^ Portals To Freedom 141 of course, was its wit. It was my first personal encounter with 'Abdu'l-Baha's wisely humorous attitude towards the accidents of life. I have already spoken of his ready laughter, especially when speaking of deeply serious things. The ordinary difficulties of daily experience which affect most of us with sentiments of gravity, sadness or repugnance seemed to inspire Him to amusement. I remember that when I met Him for the first time after the long Summer's separation almost His first words were to ask if her highness the Cow were not a noble philosopher? And the smile and hearty laughter accom- panying the words seemed to sum up the fundamental absurdity involved in most of "the gloomy dust arising from men of limitation enveloping the world." 3 The second impression was gathered from the closing words of the Tablet with its command of severance, mastering and promulgating the teachings of Baha'U'llah all over the continent, and its assurance of divine and universal results through centuries and cycles. It was these words, with their emphasis upon a station of such loftiness that nothing less than centuries and cycles could circumscribe its power of illumination, which gave to me the first glimmer of realization of the sort of great- ness to which 'Abdu'1-Baha referred when He said to me, as I have related, that This is a Day for Very Great Things. We have quite naturally assumed that those men are great who have attained positions of prominence and power in the affairs of the world, either in the field of Seven Valleys. 142 Portals To Freedom affairs or in the realm of the intellect. When asked to name the great ones of history: if we admire power we at once think of Julius Caesar, Napoleon, Cyrus the Great, Alexander. If we admire intellect we think of Plato, Aristotle, Herbert Spencer, Einstein. That is to say, we judge men by our own standards: and it necessarily follows that only those who are greatest among men are able to judge truly what constitutes real greatness, for their standards are the highest, and they alone live up to those standards and exemplify their greatness. How few there were during the first two centuries of the Christian era who recognized the dazzling brilliancy of the Sun of Reality in Jesus the Christ! Who would ever have associated the word "Great" with the humble fisher-folk who followed Him! Yet where are kings and empires now whose power then topped all the world! And where those humble ones! So when that truly Great One spoke to me of this Day in which Very Great Things were to be accomplished His vision embraced the future centuries in which the humblest of the servants of the Glory of God (Baha- 'U'llah) should shine resplendent in the Heavens of the Universe of His Revelation. What though the path to this greatness led through the scorn of men of low stand- ards, of worldly comparisons; through every criticism and ignominy, even to martyrdom in that path, would it not be privilege enough to be associated with those who in former dispensations trod its way and found that Source Portals To Freedom 143 of joy which is "the spring of all the gladness of the world"? Truly he who would be great must be the servant of all; "the thralls of mankind." "Rejoice and be exceedingly glad for so persecuted they the Prophets before you." I remember it was during the following Winter, after 'Abdu'l-Baha's return to the Holy Land, that one day as I was standing on the corner of Broadway and one of the down-town streets of New York, a sudden realization of this true greatness and of the fundamental futility and falsity of all earthly standards, swept over me and I said aloud, in the words of Emerson, but with a very different meaning to the words, forgetful of the crowded street: "Good-bye, proud world, I'm going Home." It was the ability of 'Abdu'1-Baha to disclose their own capacity to those souls who, sincerely seeking the way of life asked of Him direction to the Path of its attainment, which made him the supreme Teacher and set their feet upon the straight and narrow road. He never descended to the plane of the questioner except when He recog- nized his lack of capacity at that time for higher under- standing. To such He spoke in terms conducive to his happiness on the plane occupied at the time. To a mother who anxiously inquired of Him how she should treat a difficult child, He said that she should make him happy and make him free. And this sums up the attitude he invariably assumed in dealing with a seeking soul. Men are wandering the wilderness of Time and Place; caught in the net of circumstance; befooled by the illu- 144 Portals To Freedom sions of sense. They are not aware of this, and that ignorance constitutes the tragedy of life. Nevertheless they long above all else to escape that wilderness in which they wander so forlorn. Under the pressure of this in- stinctive yearning they experiment with every path which offers the slightest hope of freedom. To the vast majority, that escape seems easiest along the path of what they call pleasure. To others fame and power beckon, saying: "fol- low me and I will give you in the adulation of the world that respite from self for which you long." To still others the refuge lies in the realms of intellect. In extending the barriers of nature; in probing into the microscopic universe; in breaking down the atom and bombarding the electron; in sweeping inter-stellar space with powerful and ever more powerful telescopes, all are seeking, though they know it not, for Him Who is in their very heart of hearts, "closer than their own identity." Inherently, fundamentally, essentially, ines- capably dissatisfied with all the contingent world can offer they yet seek to find within its scope that answer to their questing soul and mind without which they can never find rest. They know instinctively that they must escape the self and so they seek, in flying from it to the world around them, the refuge from its grasp for which they yearn. Their longing is for an eternal Home, for knowledge and love of God, but they know this not. But 'Abdu'1-Baha knew it, as all the Leaders of the Race have known it. They know what lies deep in the heart of man. So He knew what lay hidden in the inner- Portals To Freedom 145 most heart of the questioner. Hence He answered the unspoken, not the spoken word. When this marvellous technique of teaching began to dawn upon me I recognized for the first time the truly sublime function of any soul aspiring to lead another soul in the Way of Truth. I began to see why the Master of this technique seemed to evade many of my questions, speaking instead of the great opportunities of service and love in the very spot which I then occupied. How our schools and universities would be filled with the exultant joy of eager students advancing in this Path if their boards of trustees, presidents and teachers had even the slightest glimmer of this technique of teaching! The full recognition of just one fundamental fact is all that is necessary: that every soul in the world is "bewildered in search of the Friend." 4 They do not want answers to their individual, personal and particular questions, though they think they do. They desire one thing only: that basic Truth which will make them independent of all the man-made book-learning which, like a "gloomy dust rises from men of limitation" and has enveloped them and all the world. They want the Sunlight of the World of Reality. They can see the Path for themselves once free from the darkness of the contingent world and the "prison of self." In that glorious effulgence every question is its own an- swer; Heaven is found in the reaching hand; God becomes the very ear with which man hears the answer to all his * Seven Valleys: Baha'U'llah. 146 queries. For when we speak of "God," we speak of Truth, Wisdom, the Way of joyful and successful Life, the "Abode of Peace," Eternal Life, the World of Reality, for all these are synonyms of God, and to attain this knowledge should be the object of all education. It was 'Abdu'l-Baha's positive knowledge of this Truth which enabled Him to reach the hidden divine Self lying deep beneath the piled-up rubbish of the contingent world harvested by the outer mind and the fruitless energy of the functioning body. "It is my hope," He once said to me and often to others, "that thou mayest arise to such a station that no longer shalt thou need to question." 6 Our first personal contact with the Master after His return to New York was at a meeting of the friends in the studio of Miss Juliet Thompson in W. loth St., where she painted the immoral portrait of 'Abdu'1-Baha. I had become a constant attendant at the meetings of a study class held there every Friday evening, and it is largely due to these contacts that my interest was kept unflagging. 'Abdu'l-Baha's theme that evening was two-fold. First, the manifest power and majesty of Baha'U'llah, in that in spite of his rigorous incarceration He dominated prison walls and governors and jailors. And secondly: His con- clusive demonstration that the teachings of Baha'U'llah contained many things never revealed by the preceding Prophets of God. In the prison city of 'Akka near Mt. Carmel, Baha 'U'llah was incarcerated for 28 years, after His 12 years c Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, p. 453. Portals To Freedom 147 of exile, and His Son, 'Abdu'1-Baha for exactly 40 years. Yet from that prison Baha'U'llah wrote to the Shah of Persia and to that unspeakable tyrant, 'Abdu'l-Hamid, "severely arraigning them for their oppression of their subjects and their misuse of power." "Consider how marvellous it was for a prisoner under the eye and control of the Turks to arraign so boldly and severely the very king responsible for his imprison- ment. What power is this! What greatness! Nowhere in history can the record of such happening be found." "Although a prisoner in a fortress He paid no heed to these kings, regarded not their power of life and death, but on the contrary addressed them in plain and fearless language." 6 It is impossible to describe the majesty of 'Abdu'1-Baha as He uttered these words. His face was illumined with a radiance not of this world. His being seemed pos- sessed with that very Power of which He spoke. It was His custom, often, to pace up and down while the meas- ured cadences of His voice filled the room, and sentence by sentence, His words were translated by the interpreter. In this instance, however, the room being not overlarge, and crowded to its utmost capacity by the friends, there was little space for movement where He stood. Never- theless His spiritual vitality seemed to overflow the room lbid., p. 427. 148 Portals To Freedom and it was as if (so it seemed to me, at least) He were striding its every part, searching deeply each heart. It was as if He were saying: This is that Power of which Christ spoke. The legions of angels for which He refused to call were summoned by Baha'U'llah, for the Time foretold by Christ had come, and the King of kings had mounted His Throne. The second subject to which He addressed Himself related to those teachings which Baha'U'llah enunciated which were absolutely new, and could be found in no revelation of past dispensations. I will not attempt to recapitulate the essence of His words. Sufficient to say that He itemized nine points in the Revelation of Baha'U'llah which were new. "This," He said, u is in answer to those who ask: 'what is there in the teachings of Baha'U'llah which has not been heard before'?" His closing words expressed the power which arises through persecution. "Pray that my enemies become multiplied," He quoted from Baha'U'llah's Word*-"They are My heralds. Pray that their number be increased and that they may cry out more loudly. The more they abuse me and the greater their agitation, the more potent and mighty will be the efficacy of the Cause of God. And eventually the gloomy darkness of the outer world will pass away and the light of Reality will shine until the whole earth will be effulgent with its glory." 7 7 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, p. 432. Portals To Freedom _ 149 Chapter Ten Address In the Great Northern Hotel THE UNIVERSE OF BAHA 'U'LLAH. THE EVOLUTION OF MAN. THE GLORY OF SELF-SACRIFICE. "I have offered up My soul and My body as a sacrifice for God, the Lord of all worlds. I speak naught except at His bidding, and follow naught, through the power of God and His might, except His truth. He, verily, shall recompense the truthful." Gleanings from the Writing of Baha 'U'llah p. 126. THE great assemblage gathered at the banquet in the Great Northern Hotel on the evening of November 29th marked the culmination of 'Abdu'l-Baha's public addresses in this country. Memory brings to mind no other occasion charged with such significances. Here were gathered together upwards of about 600 souls. The magnificent banquet hall was filled to its utmost capacity. All degrees of wealth and poverty; of culture and its lack; representatives of the white, yellow, black and brown i_50 _ Portals To Freedom _ races, as well as of many nations of the East and West, were represented. The object of this meeting was as universal as the audience. It was not to advance any personal or political ambition; not in the interest of any social or financial group, nor any religious organization. This fact alone suffices to mark it as unique: but when we consider 'Abdu'l-Baha's own definition of its objectives it is recog- nized that its exceptional nature is more than excelled by their grandeur. "This meeting of yours tonight is a uni- versal gathering; it is heavenly and divine in purpose because it serves the oneness of the world of humanity and promotes International Peace. It is devoted to the solidarity and brotherhood of the human race, the spiritual welfare of mankind, unity of religious teaching with the principles of science and reason. It promotes love and fra- ternity among all mankind, seeks to abolish and destroy barriers which separate the human family, proclaims the equality of man and woman, instills divine precepts and morals, illumines and quickens minds with heavenly per- ception, attracts the infinite bestowals of God, removes racial, national and religious prejudices and establishes the foundation of the heavenly kingdom in the hearts of all nations and peoples." 1 It is difficult to assign to any one summation of the Baha'i Faith the reason for its acceptance. Yet it is not too 1 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, p. 443. Portals To Freedom 1 5 1 much to say that for me, at the stage of understanding to which I had at that time attained, it seemed that no rational mind could refuse at least its eager, instant and alert in- vestigation. Surely no one could deny the worthfulness of these objectives. But the picture presented by this summary is not com- plete without including in it the personality and life- history of Him who spoke. For here stood the living representative, the very in- carnation of the ideals He presented so calmly. There was not one of these lofty expressions which He failed to exemplify in every word, thought, deed of His daily life. I state this, not because of that which I have read con- cerning His life of service from His eighth year; not because even his enemies and persecutors have united in unwilling admission of His love for them and all souls irrespective of their attitude towards Him and the Faith He loved, but I state it from my own intense scrutiny during many personal contacts with that sublime Personality. Those who have read this chronicle with care, seeking to pierce the poor words that the underlying spirit may be revealed, will understand my meaning. "The condi- tion of spiritual insight can penetrate this meaning, not controversy nor conflict." 2 No more could one imagine 'Abdu'1-Baha descending to the plane of personal prej- udice, animosity towards any living creature, avoidance of any rational argument, or moving and speaking under any other guidance than the indwelling, all-enclosing 2 Seven Valleys Baha'U'llah. 152 Portals To Freedom Holy Spirit, than one could imagine the sun ceasing its shining. That which He was He taught. That which He taught He lived. Is it any wonder that that assemblage [nay be truly regarded as so unique in character as to have few, if any, parallels in history? There is another feature of this address which impressed ne deeply at the time. There was no mention whatever rf the Baha'i Faith as such, nor of himself nor of Baha- U'llah. It is as if He would say: Here are the ideals and purposes for which I stand. If you find them worthful 3erhaps you will wish to investigate whence comes the Power which has brought them within the last sixty years before the attention of mankind which, during all the 3eriod of recorded history, has been negligent, opposed md scornful of every one of them. It will be time enough For you to investigate the doctrine, the philosophy, the spiritual dynamic back of the teachings, after you have ipproved and sought to live the life I present to you. "He :hat doeth the works shall know of the doctrine." Often have I been asked the question: "Why are you i believer in the teachings of Baha'U'llah?" Perhaps the ibove summary of the outward teachings, and the descrip- :ions of my contacts with the Teacher, will assist the eader to answer that question. But also, perhaps, a more explicit answer is required. That answer is to be found in :he universal demand of the normal human being for a Dasic Truth upon which he may found his life. I am not a believer because of any preconceived ex- Dlanation of this fundamental Truth based upon the ideas )f those around me, as, for instance, the Christian is such Portals To Freedom 153 because he was brought up under its teachings, or the Muhammedan is such because he was born where those principles are prevalent, and so with all other followers of the various theologies of the world. I am first of all, humanly speaking, a rational being. I have a mind which requires intellectual satisfactions. I have found in the teachings of Baha'LPllah and 'Abdu'1-Baha much more satisfactory explanations of the meaning, the origin and the destiny of life, than I have elsewhere found. I have no hesitation whatever in asserting that if tomorrow a better, more satisfying, more illuminating philosophy, a more spiritual dynamic should be presented to me, I would accept it without hesitation. But, and this it seems to me, is conclusive as to the reason for its acceptance. The teachings of Baha'U'llah comprise a veritable Universe of wisdom. It is no more possible to define Its limits than for even an Einstein to define the limits of the material universe. I remember many years ago we entertained a friend at our home who was curious to know why we had so en- thusiastically accepted the Baha'i Faith. She was a young woman of great gifts. An artist and sculptor; a cultured mind, a wide experience and a seeking soul characterized her. She remarked, after we had been conversing for some time: "But how is one to decide between the many vari- ous beliefs of humanity? I have, for instance, a Jewish friend who is just as certain that his faith comprises all that mind or heart could need as you are of the Baha'i faith. And I have another friend who is an ardent Chris- tian Scientist. She cannot understand why every human 1 54 Portals To Freedom being should not believe as she does. And of course many of my friends are sincere Christians, both Catholic and Protestant, who are equally certain that the tenets of their faith hold all that is necessary to life here and hereafter. The Buddhist, the Muhammedan, the Theosophist are equally certain. Who then is to decide?" We answered: "How thankful we should be that souls in every faith are found sincerely seeking and following Truth, for Truth is one. But I wonder if you have found many among your friends who believe in and follow with all their hearts the teachings and example of the founders of all the faiths. Does your Catholic friend, for example, fully sympathize with, and sincerely love, his Protestant brother? Does your Christian Science friend accept the teachings of her Jewish friend? Can you imagine the Buddhist believer accepting and loving the Christian Scientist, the Muhammedan and the Jew, as equal partici- pators in the Fountain of Universal Truth? Without hesitation she answered: "Of course not. No one could possibly do that." "And yet," we said to her gently, "that is exactly what the Baha'i teachings require. No one can lay the slightest claim to that title who does not accept all the Prophets as Mouthpieces of the One God. Their basic teachings are identical. The laws promulgated by Them differ superficially since their function is to guide men to a higher civilization, and the needs of the time demand specific applications of those eternal principles. Conse- quently to accept one of these Manifestations of the In- finite Wisdom and Power is to accept all: to reject One is to reject all. That is what Baha'U'llah means by belief in "the Oneness and Singleness of God." Portals To Freedom 155 This illustrates what I mean by a conclusive reason for the rational, logical mind's acceptance of Baha'U'llah's teachings. The Circle He draws is so inclusive that no creature is omitted; no question unanswered; no problem unsolved; no perplexity unclarified. And this is not be- cause these intellectual, social, economic and religious problems are minimized, but because they are simplified: reduced to their essentials and so ordered and classified that any high-school youth may regulate his life thereby. To illustrate: Our materialistic theory of evolution begins with the primordial cell and ends with man. This leaves a vast field absolutely untouched. The whole realm of the emotional, ethical, moral and spiritual man becomes a sort of No Man's Land. Is it any wonder that tornados of controversy have raged over this field? Baha'U'llah teaches that God and His creation are co-eternal: since there could not be imagined a Creator ante-dating a creation; a king without a kingdom; a general without an army. This undercuts, you see, the endless discussions as to man's origin and the beginnings of life. Whether one accepts it or not it cannot be denied that it is basic. 'Abdu'1-Baha was once asked which is the most impor- tant component in man's evolution, heredity or environ- ment. He answered that both are important, but in con- sidering the question of evolution one must always remem- ber that Man's true Father is God. Here we have a founda- tion for our reasoning than which no more fundamental one may be conceived. It does not exclude any intellectual or materialistic (if there is such a thing) explanation of the origin of Man, but it includes the whole field which our savants leave out. It does not negate the former but it gives to it a radiant simplicity, a clarifying emotion, with- 156 Portals To Freedom out which endless strife and contention ensue. And again, there is nothing in this hypothesis contrary to our most advanced scientific thinking: "Some call it evolution and others call It God." Here, by the way, is another illustration of Baha- 'U'llah's simplifying fundamentals. He urges man towards freedom from the entangling, confusing, strife-producing slavery to definitive words, the "Sea of Names" He calls it. He directs attention to the Reality underlying all our futile attempts to characterize it and limit it. 'Abdu'1-Baha, speaking on the subject of Economics, has said: "All economic problems may be solved by the application of the Science of the Love of God." That is to say: if the Rule called golden and treated as if it were leaden (Worse: for lead has its uses but so far as one may determine, the Golden Rule has been laid on a shelf whose dust is seldom disturbed.) if that Rule were actually applied to the world's economic problems, which if not solved bid fair to destroy us, and the love of God, the sort of love which makes a home life happy, were used as a scientific measurement to regulate our international and national affairs; to settle all relations between labor and capital, between rich and poor: to regulate all coinage and commerce, can there be any doubt that the results would be far more conducive to human welfare than our present policies have produced? Again: Baha'U'llah asserted the principle that the human race is essentially of one stock and that the con- ception of "The Oneness of Humanity" is essential to modern civilization. 'Abdu'1-Baha in the course of His Portals To Freedom 157 many talks on this subject has shown conclusively that all the races spring from one root-race, and that the superficial differences of color, physiognomy, etc., are due to the age-long influences of climate and food fol- lowing on successive migrations of the root-race. Here again, not only are we in absolute accord with the most modern discoveries of anthropologists and ethnologists, but, taken as a corollary to the above principles, we have a scientific basis for approach to the problem presented by the so-called "under-privileged," "backward," "sub- ject" individuals and peoples which, once thoroughly understood and practically applied as a scientific dis- covery, would immediately inaugurate an international policy which in one generation could result only in the automatic disintegration of racial, national, color, economic and religious prejudice with their attendant horrors of lynchings, pogroms, expatriations, armed frontiers: together with their only slightly lesser evils such as tariffs, money monopolies, cornering of markets, "colonial expansion" and a legion of similar devils. We could illustrate indefinitely but this is sufficient to explain my point, which is that the teachings of Baha- 'U'llah are simple, definite, easily understood by the nor- mal mind, undeniable by the most scientific mind, work- able and practical in the settlement of all modern ques- tions, and so universal as to be applicable by any individual or peoples. I have gone into the matter at some length because an understanding of this is essential to an answer to the ques- tion so often asked: "What is there in these teachings 158 Portals To Freedom which I, or any other thoughtful man, may consider worthful enough to adopt?" The Revelation of Baha- 'U'llah envisages an entirely new World Order based on essential and eternal principles which, when applied, will result in a peace, prosperity and happiness never before secured. They have a spiritual or religious foundation, of course, but these terms are used with a connotation abso- lutely new and in accord with all scientific investigations and human experience. The closing words of this brief address at the banquet in the Great Northern Hotel emphasizes this fundamental criterion of values: "This meeting is verily the noblest and most worthy of all meetings in the world because of these underlying spiritual and universal purposes. Such a banquet and assemblage command the sincere devotion of all present and invite the downpouring of the blessings of God. . . . Be ye confident and steadfast; your services are confirmed by the powers of heaven, for your intentions are lofty, your purposes pure and worthy. God is the helper of those souls whose efforts and endeavors are devoted to the good and betterment of all mankind." 3 Six days later I attended a meeting at which 'Abdu'l- Baha spoke on "The Mystery of Sacrifice." Ever since my 8 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, p. 444. Portals To Freedom 159 first acquaintance with the Baha'i teachings this aspect of them had unaccountably moved my interest, as is evi- denced by my questioning of the Master in the early stages of this interest concerning renunciation. (See chapter 3.) Why this should be so I cannot determine even now, for to most of those who surrounded the Master at the time the emphasis seemed to be on the joy and happiness attending the New Birth. But to me the throes of parturi- tion were too apparent, too agonizing, too demanding to evade notice. The cutting of the umbilical cord which bound me to the matrix of this world exacted such con- centrated attention that little time was left, little oppor- tunity afforded, for any true estimate of the world into which I was being ushered. Perhaps my intense interest in the subject of self- sacrifice was founded in the clear realization, long ex- perienced, that selfishness, egotism, pride in one's accom- plishments (however limited), personal standards of values, were the great deterrents of both spiritual and material progress and peace. There was no question that those around me as well as myself, to say nothing of the underlying spirit motivating the statesmen, business leaders, courts of law and social usage, were all obsessed by this animal-self-psychology. The theologians seemed no less under its sway. Their emphasis truly was upon sacrifice but it was Someone Else's Sacrifice and that seemed altogether too easy a way out, to say nothing of its inherent dishonesty and utter irrationality. And yet that sacrifice is a principle underlying all life is plain to any thoughtful observer. The relation between 160 Portals To Freedom food and the eater is usually considered from the stand- point of the eater alone. But surely if the food could be consulted its attitude would be quite other. It has two possibilities for a standard of judgment. It could be either that of resentment at the loss of its station of animal or vegetable, or it could be one of exultation over its change from the station of animal and vegetable matter to the station of the human organism, and the possibility offered it of becoming a working part of the muscle, nerve and brain of man. We look upon the world of Nature and see it as the battleground between the weak and the strong. But it is just as possible to view it as the field of sacrifice wherein lower or weaker forms of life become trans- formed into higher and stronger ones through its self- sacrifice. In fact it is quite possible that one of the causes back of the slow evolution of species is this very principle of sacrifice. So when 'Abdu'1-Baha opened His address with these words: "This evening I wish to speak to you concerning the mystery of sacrifice,' 7 4 my deepest attention became riveted. After pointing out that the accepted explanation of the Sacrifice of Christ is pure superstition for it ap- peals neither to common sense nor reason, He went on to explain the true meaning of the word, dividing it into four headings. First: that Christ's sacrifice consisted in the willing abdication of all this world has to offer, including life itself, in order that He might lead men into the path of true life. 4 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, pp. 444-448. Portals To Freedom 161 "Had He desired to save His own life, and were He without wish to offer Himself in sacrifice, He would not have been able to guide a single soul. This is one of the meanings of sacrifice." A second meaning lies in the true explanation of His saying that "He who eats of My body shall live eter- nally." There is no question that the physical body of Christ was born of Mary, but the Reality of Christ, the perfections of Christ came from heaven." Consequently He meant that if any man partake of these perfections and sacrificed the perfections of the material world for the divine perfections he would enter into the heavenly world in which Christ Himself lived, and would necessarily escape the limitations of the mortal world. The third meaning: "A seed sacrifices itself to the tree that will come out of it. Outwardly the seed is lost but the same seed which is sacrificed will be embodied in the tree, its branches, blossoms and fruits. If the identity of that seed had not been sacrificed to the tree no branches, blossoms or fruits would have been forthcoming.'* "Christ outwardly disappeared, but the bounties, divine qualities and perfections of Christ became manifest in the Christian community which Christ founded through sacrificing Himself." 1 62 Portals To Freedom "The fourth significance of sacrifice is the principle that a reality sacrifices its own characteristics. Man must sever himself from the world of nature and its laws, for the material world is the world of corruption and death. It is the world of evil and darkness, of animalism and ferocity, bloodthirstiness and avarice and ambition, of self-worship, egotism and passion. Man must strip himself of these tendencies which are peculiar to the outer and material world of existence." "On the other hand, man must acquire heavenly quali- ties and divine attributes. He must become the image and likeness of God; must become the manifestor of the love of God, the light of guidance, the tree of life and the depository of the bounties of God. "That is to say man must sacrifice the qualities and attributes of the world of nature for the qualities and attributes of the world of God." May I ask the reader to note the ascending scale of these definitions, and the final emphasis upon the individ- ual's responsibility if he is to achieve this final station of perfection. Here is no dependence on another's sacrifice. The call is to you and me to abandon, at whatever cost, the world of the animal, the beastly, the material man, in order that we may enter this world of Reality, unsub- ject to the laws of time, place and decay. And how logical! How simple it is all made. Could anything be more beautiful, more winning, than His illustration of the sacrifice of the iron to the fire. Portals To Freedom 163 "Observe the qualities of the iron, it is solid, it is black, it is cold. When the same iron absorbs heat from the fire it sacrifices its attributes of coldness for the attribute of heat which is a quality of the fire; so that in iron there remains no solidity, no darkness or cold. It becomes illumined and transformed having sacri- ficed its qualities to the qualities and attributes of the fire. Likewise man when separated and severed from the attributes of the world of nature sacrifices the qualities and exigencies of that mortal realm and manifests the perfections of the Kingdom, just as the qualities of the iron disappeared and the qualities of the fire appeared in their place." "Consequently every perfect person, every illumined, heavenly individual stands in the station of sacrifice. . . . May the divine light become manifest upon your faces, the fragrance of holiness refresh your nostrils and the Breath of the Holy Spirit quicken you with eternal Life." 5 As these closing words fell upon my ears it seemed for the first time in the long years of search and struggle that a sure and attainable Goal was in sight. Is it possible to imagine any price one would not pay for this attainment? For the goal is nothing less than perfection. And here something must be interpolated as to the meaning of "perfection" in the Baha'i terminology. It must never be overlooked that the substratum underlying all 'Abdu'l-Baha's statements is logical and scientific. c Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, pp. 447-48. 164 Portals To Freedom Nothing is ever stated (at least this is true in principle) that is not susceptible of proof. In using this word "per- fection/' for instance, the principle of relativity is recog- nized. Jesus' statement that: "There is none good save God," is understood as a scientific axiom: That is, per- fection is seen as impossible except to the Unconditioned, the "Self-subsistent," all other perfection is relative. We speak of a perfect rose. We do not mean that a more beautiful, more satisfying one cannot be imagined, but simply that so far as our experience goes that rose, at that particular moment, strikes us as the most beautiful one, the most perfect one, we have ever seen. Nor do we when we speak of the rose as occupying that position contrast this perfection, or include it, with or in any category comprehending other objects than the rose, or even any other than that particular color, or type of rose. We may in the next moment speak of a perfect sunset, or a perfect baby, or a perfect action, but always with the same reservation of relativity. So when we speak of a perfect man. We do not mean, nor could we possibly ever mean, no matter to what heights of nobility he may have attained, that he could not be more noble, more "perfect." We simply mean that the heights to which he has attained, compared to the average standards of human behavior, are more nearly our ideal than we have heretofore met. So then it resolves itself into a question of personal and individual standards, or units of measurement. The gangster's ideal of perfection would be quite other than Abraham Lincoln's. Each soul must create, or absorb, an Portals To Freedom 165 ideal of perfection which is at once within reach and satisfying to himself. The difference between the Baha'i ideal and any here- tofore presented lies in the fact that the Baha'i program includes group perfection. It involves the postulate of man as a gregarious, a social, a cosmopolitan, an interna- tional, a 'world being. A perfect man, then, under this category, must simply have attributes which will, if ex- tended to a sufficient number of individuals, result in a World Order the goal of which is the elimination of those factors which have in the past, and still have, resultants tending towards relative imperfections both in the in- dividual and society. In the use of the word "perfection," (see bottom of page 63) I mean that for the first time the ideals held for many years as a Christian believer, of approximating my rules of conduct to those laid down and exemplified by the Christ, came within the purview of possibility, of probability nay, of certainty. I said to myself: "If it should take a hundred thousand years, in this life or in some other, it can be done and must be done." At that time the "World Order" of Baha'U'llah had not been elaborated, although it had been visioned im- plicitly in the writings of Baha'U'llah, and since been elaborated and explained by 'Abdu'1-Baha. But it was even then plain to any clear thinking person that such perfec- tions of individual attainment needed only sufficient exten- sion of acceptance and approximation to make the present world disorder of war, crime, poverty and confusion if not impossible at least much decreased. In fact the words of 1 66 Portals To Freedom Baha'U'llah and of 'Abdu'1-Baha are filled with glowing descriptions of world conditions when these ideals are put into practice. "This world shall become as a garden and a paradise." "This mound of earth shall become the mound of heaven." Perhaps it was the clear explication of the results ac- cruing to one attaining the "station of sacrifice" which stirred me most deeply. Freedom from the lower, the animal, the selfish, the egoistic self! What a Goal to hold before the mind. And no longer was it a vague, illusory goal. It had become, for that moment of clear insight at least, a goal in sight, an attainable goal. Moreover the very word "sacrifice" had become alluring. No longer did it connote suffering, deprivation. It was clearly seen as the exchange of something less worthful for something infinitely more worthful. It had become not a giving up of desirables but the acquisition of desirables. Instead of a doubtful proposition in which the profit was intangible and uncertain, it had assumed the proportions of a clear-cut business proposition. I was in the market for pearls. I had now my eye on the Pearl of Greatest Price. Portals To Freedom 167 Chapter Eleven INSTRUCTION IN THE WAY OF LIFE. WHAT IS AUTHORITY? THE SCIENCE OF THE LOVE OF GOD. "The Ancient Beauty hath consented to be bound with chains that mankind may be released from bondage, and hath accepted to be made a prisoner within this most mighty stronghold that the whole world may attain unto true liberty. He hath drained to its dregs the cup of sorrow that all peoples of the earth may attain unto abiding joy, and be filled with gladness." x AS the day drew near which should mark the close JLJL of 'Abdu'l-Baha's visit in America the thought of His departure and the consequent end of the possibility of speaking to Him, of even a few words with Him, even of the privilege, inestimable it had grown to seem to me, of watching Him as He spoke or moved, or sat silent while others spoke, became increasingly insupportable. I fear that the first five days of December, 1912, my home and church people saw little of me. Wherever He was 1 Gleanings from the Writings of Baha'U'llah, p. 99. i68 Portals To Freedom there was I if by any juggling of hours and duties it could possibly be managed. The only occasion I missed was His address before the Theosophical Society the evening before He sailed, which fell on a night when I was un- avoidably busy elsewhere. But for the rest, day and night, I haunted the home at 780 West End Ave. where 'Abdu'l- Baha spent those last days with the friends to whom I have often referred in this narrative, who had placed all that they had at His disposal during His stay in the country. One of the occasions which stand out most vividly in my memory was on the afternoon of Dec. 2nd when the Master, in the presence of a group of the friends, spoke to us words so enthralling, so simple, so impressive and stimulating to the highest in man's nature, that I can find no parallel save in the last Words of Jesus to His disciples. I confidently leave it to the reader whether this com- parison is justified. He spoke very briefly: about 300 words as they are recorded in the collection of His ad- dresses in this country. I shall quote them in full. They are worth it. But no record of the Words themselves, moving and uplifting as they are, could possibly convey the majesty, the gentleness, the humility, the love which animated them. I sat very close to Him and it seemed there flowed from Him to me a veritable stream of spirit- ual energy which at times was overpowering. After a few words to the effect that since these were His last days with us He wished to give us His "last instructions and exhortations" and that these "were none other than the teachings of Baha'U'llah," He continued: Portals To Freedom 169 "You must manifest complete love and affection to- wards all mankind. Do not exalt yourselves above others but consider all as your equals, recognizing them as the servants of one God. Know that God is compassionate towards all, therefore love all from the depths of your hearts, prefer all religionists to yourselves, be filled with love for every race and be kind towards the people of all nationalities. Never speak disparagingly of others but praise without distinction. Pollute not your tongues by speaking evil of another. Recognize your enemies as your friends and consider those who wish you evil as the wishers of good. You must not see evil as evil and then compromise with your opinion, for to treat in a smooth, kindly way one whom you consider evil or an enemy is hypocrisy and this is not worthy nor allowable. No! You must consider your enemies as your friends, look upon your evil-wishers as your well-wishers and treat them ac- cordingly. Act in such a way that your heart may be free from hatred. Let not your heart be offended with any one. If some one commits an error and wrong towards you, you must instantly forgive him. Do not complain of others. Refrain from reprimanding them and if you wish to give admonition or advice let it be offered in such a way that it will not burden the heart of the hearer. Turn all your thoughts towards bringing joy to hearts. Beware! Beware! Lest ye offend any heart. Assist the world of humanity as much as possible. Be the source of consolation to every sad one, assist every weak one, be helpful to every indigent one, be the cause of glorifica- tion to every lowly one and shelter those who are over- shadowed with fear. In brief, let each of you be as a lamp shining forth with the virtues of the world of humanity. Be trust- 1 70 Portals To Freedom worthy, sincere, affectionate and replete with chastity. Be illumined, be spiritual, be divine, be glorious, be quickened of God. Be a Baha'i."* In these days of unfaith when the world of intellect is obsessed with delusions of its own infallibility; when science has abrogated all dependence upon other than its own findings; when the very word "Authority," as the source of any truth, is anathema even to the most thought- ful and spiritual amongst them, Words such as these shine like the sun rising upon a very dark world. If it may be allowable to question these "ignorant ones whom men call savants," to quote Baha'U'llah's own words, I would like one or all of them to submit a defini- tion of "Authority." Do they absolve themselves from all dependence upon it or only from that form of authority which deals with matters relating to what the five senses may apprehend? Do they accept Aristotle and Newton and Hegel and Spencer and Einstein as "authorities" in their fields but refuse to accept Moses and Buddha and Jesus and Muhammad and Baha'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha as Authorities in theirs? Do they postulate before they begin to think they think that there are no such things in man's experience as wife and child and friend and home where love and self-sacrifice are assumed as integral parts of man's nature? Do they cancel out all aspiration, all love of beauty and truth, all heroism and remorse? 2 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, pp. 448-49. Portals To Freedom 1 7 1 "Ah, but you go too fast," I hear one remonstrate. "We do not accept any of these men of whom you speak as "authorities" in their chosen field. If we should, gone would be all progress, all invention, all hope for further truth. We accept such as "authorities" only until they have been disproven as such. When Einstein and Minkowski, for instance, published their revolutionary ideas which changed all our notions regarding space and time, and a little later Rutherford introduced ideas equally changing our fundamental conceptions of matter, we did not accept them as "authorities." Quite the contrary. They were pounced upon and subjected to the piercing inquiry of every scientist in the world. It was only after this, and even then subject to the reservation of future discovery, that they were hailed as provisional authorities. A new factor may be introduced at any moment entirely altering the foundation upon which their structure of hypothesis is reared. That is why we refuse to accept in the realm of the unmaterial what we cannot accept in the realm of the senses." If I have not quoted you accurately yet it seems to me that this is what you must say, for it is the status to which the scientific thinker is reduced. And I would further ask him, then, if by any chance he actually be- lieves that the modern thinker along spiritual and non- material lines takes any different attitude towards what he calls revealed Truth? Certainly the Baha'i does not. The first principle under which the consistent Baha'i thinker acts is "The independent investigation of truth" (See Baha'i Scriptures, pp. 276-79.) 1 7 2 Portals To Freedom This is definitely urged, I had almost said commanded, by Baha'U'llah. 'Abdu'1-Baha, in explaining this fundamental tenet says: "Religion must conform to science and reason, other- wise it is superstition. God has created man in order that he may perceive the verity of existence and endowed him with mind and reason to discover truth. Therefore scientific knowledge and religious belief must be conform- able to the analysis of this divine faculty in man." And again: "If religion is opposed to reason and science faith is impossible; and when faith and confidence in the divine religion are not manifest in the heart there can be no spiritual attainment." And yet again: "God has bestowed upon man the gift of mind in order that he may weigh every fact or truth presented to him and adjudge it to be reasonable." And finally, though such citations could be multiplied almost in- definitely: "It were better to have no religion than a religion which did not conform to reason." Portals To Freedom 173 That is to say the modern religious thinker's definitions of "authority" conform in every respect to the scientist's own definitions. Nothing is accepted until passed through the alembic of man's reason. The only difference lies in the fact that the Baha'i (which term simply connotes a true seeker after Light and who loves the Light from whatever Lamp it shines) extends the limits of his search for truth to include not only the resources of the senses but the equally, if not superior, important spheres of the emotions, the ideals, the aspirations and longings of the human soul and spirit. I have long inwardly fretted against the assumption of the self-styled "intellectuals" that the field of "science" was bounded solely by the realm of sense impression. Why should not the word science include the whole field of man's experience? Someone has said that nothing may be proved that is worthy of proof. If anyone should sug- gest to you or to me that our love for wife or child has no existence because it cannot be subjected to proof by the microscope I think we might reasonably consider that an insulting remark had been made. Yet as a matter of fact Love is just as susceptible of "proof" as is the law of gravitation, which, by the way, our modern scientists are now proceeding to cast doubt upon. But they do not dare to cast doubt on the phenomenon of Love and its various manifestations in the racial experience of man, for it is susceptible of the proof offered by the total field of that experience. 174 Portals To Freedom So when I unhesitatingly accept such words as are quoted here as "authoritative" in matters dealing with the ideal and satisfactory life it is only after they have passed the bar of my reason and judgment. Surely these adjurations are not unreasonable. The mind will find some difficulty in denying their simple rationality. Nor could the emotions, the "heart/ 7 reject them as puerile and un- satisfying. Nor could experience as we know it personally, or through racial history, deny their success when applied to the affairs of men; else Marcus Aurelius, Epictetus, Emerson, and a host of their ilk are foolish chasers of the wind. If, then, the authorities in the field of material science are such only in the accepted sense that they are subject to the challenge of individual reason and the Baha'i (any sincere and unprejudiced seeker after Truth) defines his authority in the same terms; if both hold such authorities as subject to displacement by a higher Truth if it should be presented, and if the field covered by one of these "Authorities" is far wider than the other, far more satis- fying to the whole nature of man, far more remunerative in terms of actual living, it would seem to me that not only have we reason to designate both as operating within the realms of "science" but that that which covers the widest realm must be the greatest, the most fundamental of all "sciences." Portals To Freedom 1 7 5 Chapter Twelve THE CENTER OF THE COVENANT. THE NEW WORLD ORDER. A DIVINE CIVILIZATION. THE KINGDOM OF GOD ON EARTH. "The world's equilibrium hath been upset through the vibrating influence of this most great, this new World Order. Mankind's ordered life hath been revolutionized through the agency of this unique, this wondrous Sys- tem the like of which mortal eyes have never witnessed." (Gleanings from the Writings of Baha'U'llah, p. 136.) ON the evening of the same day, December 2nd, 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke to a large group of the friends in the same home referred to in the previous chapter. His theme covered the spiritual teachings peculiar to the Revelation of Baha'U'llah. It is essential to the complete understanding of the reader of the influences which have exerted such a revolutionary effect upon the life of the writer that the words of 'Abdu'1-Baha on this subject should be elaborated a bit. And here I must digress a little to explain why I have forced myself to write so frankly of the personal and ij6 Portals To Freedom intimate things which, had I followed my own inclina- tions, would have been locked deep within my heart. There is only one reason. For many years I have striven to evade the responsibility which this obligation has laid upon me, and which, under the repeated urging of friends I can no longer do. The reason is this: Humanity is one. No individual is without a spiritual, as well as a physical relationship with every other in- dividual. The hopes, longings, aspirations of one are those of each and all. The depths and heights; the agonies and joys; the victories and defeats vary in intensity with each individual according to the capacity and courage of each, but all travel much the same path and all fight over much the same ground. If, then, one of these units in the struggling, aspiring mass has found the Path to the "Abode of Peace"; has won battles, if not the whole campaign, in this universal Field, and, knowing that so many of his world-\/ide brothers are still "bewildered in search of the Friend"; still so unnecessarily and despairingly involved in a dying civilization to whom a new courage and hope and energy might be conveyed by a knowledge of the Way out of the wilderness found by one who has fought over the very ground upon which they are more or less aimlessly and hopelessly fighting, should not the history of that cam- paign be recounted that other souls, bewildered and saddened as I was, might, God willing, be ever so little assisted in meeting and overcoming the same army of spiritual enemies? It seems to me that this is a responsi- bility which may not be evaded. Hence this history. Portals To Freedom 1 7 7 This chapter is devoted to a summary of the Teach- ings of Baha'U'llah as given by 'Abdu'1-Baha on that memorable evening. 1 He began by saying that he would mention some of the teachings which are peculiar to Baha'U'llah's teach- ings: saying that in addition to those he is about to men- tion there are many others which are to be found in the books, Tablets and Epistles written by Baha'U'llah such as the Hidden Words, Glad Tidings, Words of Paradise, Tablet of the World and the Aqdas, or Most Holy Law, which cannot be found in any of the past books or epistles of other prophets. "A fundamental teachings of Baha'U'llah," He began, "is the oneness of the World of Humanity. Addressing mankind He said: "Ye are all leaves of one tree and the fruits of one branch." . . . "By this it is meant that the world of humanity is like a tree, the nations and peoples are the different limbs or branches of that tree and the individual human creatures are as the fruits and blossoms thereof. In all the religious teachings of the past the human world has been represented as divided into two parts, one the "people of the Book" (followers of some particular Prophet) or the pure tree, and the other the people of infidelity and error, or the evil tree. . . . "Baha'U'llah in His teachings has submerged all mankind in the sea of Divine Generosity. Some are asleep, they need to be awakened. Some are 1 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. II, pp. 449-53. 178 Portals To Freedom ailing, they need to be healed. Some are immature as children, they need to be trained. But all are recipients of the bounty and bestowals of God." I submit to the reader whether or not the application of this principle to the problems of international states- manship, commerce and religion would or would not con- duce to the happiness and prosperity of mankind. I suggest that the reader, if he questions the scientific accuracy of the statement (i.e., the implied assertion that all races and colors have the same capacity for mental and spiritual advancement; that all are affected by the same handicaps and freed by the same method), consult some recognized up-to-date ethnologist on the matter. "Another new principle," 'Abdu'1-Baha went on, "is the injunction to investigate Truth; that is to say, no man should blindly follow his ancestors and forefathers. Nay, each must see with his own eyes, hear with his own ears and investigate the truth himself in order that he may follow the truth instead of blind acquiescence and imita- tion of ancestral beliefs." 2 In the previous chapter I have pointed out how deeply this affects the traditional connotations of the word "Authority" but consider how it also affects the connota- *lbid. 9 p. 450. Portals To Freedom 179 tions mankind has throughout historical times associated with the words "Religion," "Law," "Government," "Ed- ucation," in fact there is hardly a single angle of our so- cial, economic, or religious life which is not dominated by what somebody in the remote past has had to say on the matter. We are ruled in law by the precedents laid down either by Roman or Anglo-Saxon jurisprudence. The very phraseology in which our legal documents are couched smacks of the dust of courtrooms of a thousand years ago or more. We are ruled in educational fields by precedents established when students and teachers alike were living under conditions, and motivated by ideals, as different from those of today as could well be imagined. But why continue? The facts are pikestaffian. And this monstrous slavery under which we attempt to carry on in a world of radio-airplane-Soviet newness is not con- fined to the so-called thoughtless mob. It is true that for some centuries yet the vast majority of mankind will be content to follow rather than lead. As James Truslow Adams remarks: "Within any appreciable period of time to expect it ('the vast herd') to reason like John Dewey is as irrational as to expect it to carve like Phidias or paint like Rembrandt. It will be guided by its desires and emo- tions." But when this subordination of one mind to an- other, which functioned possibly 2,000 years ago, extends to the intellectual, educational, governmental, religious and legal leaders of the race it behooves us to consider carefully what kind of ground lies at the bottom of the precipice towards which we are all rushing so madly. How hard is the ground? How destructive will be the certain smashup of a civilization which insists on being guided by superstition rather than by reason? 1 80 Portals To Freedom How simply, nobly, scientifically Baha 'U'llah places His finger on the crucial spot! "O son of Spirit! The best beloved of all things in My sight is Justice. (Clear and keen judgment.) By its aid thou shalt see things with thine own eyes and not with the eyes of others, and shalt know of thine own knowl- edge and not through the knowledge of thy neighbor. Ponder this in thine heart: hoiv it behooveth thee to be" 3 Again I ask the reader to consider what effect would in all likelihood be produced upon civilization if the leaders of world thought could suddenly become convinced that the Author of this sublime paragraph was one of the long line of divinely inspired Prophets Who has appeared in the world at this time to act as the Leader of the race in the establishment of a New World Order, and one of whose fundamental precepts directs each individual's at- tention to his own responsibility. Consider how the appli- cation of this one principle would effect the immediate overthrow of the abuses in the fields of Religion, Law, Education and Government. Backed by the emotional impulse of the Love of God (love of the new Messiah enshrined within the earthly Temple of the "Glory of God"), it is impossible to predict the beauty and joy of the civilization which, within the space of two or three generations, would be established. 'Abdu'1-Baha continued: * Hidden Words: Baha'U'llah. _ Portals To Freedom _ 181 "His Holiness Baha'U'llah has announced that the foundation of all religions is one; that oneness is Truth and Truth is oneness which does not admit of plurality." "He sets forth the principle for this day that religion must be the cause of unity, harmony and agreement among mankind. If it be the cause of discord and hos- tility, if it leads to separation and creates conflict, the absence of religion would be preferable in the world." "Furthermore He proclaims that religion must be in accord with science and reason. If it does not so con- form it is superstition." It is unnecessary to enlarge upon the wisdom and com- mon sense of these principles or to speak of the practical results accruing from their application. Surely they are apparent. "Again Baha'U'llah establishes the equality of man and woman. This is peculiar to the teachings of Baha- 'U'llah, for all other religions have placed man above woman." In commenting upon this I simply point out that this principle as enunciated by the Founder of the Baha'i Faith was laid down as early as 1853 and in a country, Persia, which from time immemorial had placed women on a level with the animal and denied them even the pos- session of a soul. It was about 1848 that there arose in 182 Portals To Freedom Persia a woman who could well be styled the first woman suffragist. QurratuTAyn (Consolation of the eyes). She was the only woman among the eighteen disciples of the Bab, the divine forerunner of Baha 'U'llah. "She threw aside the veil," says 'Abdu'1-Baha, "carried on controversies with the most learned men, and in every meeting she vanquished them. She was stoned in the streets, exiled from town to town, threatened with death, but she never failed in her determination to work for the freedom of her sisters. She bore persecution with the greatest heroism and even in prison gained converts. To a Persian minister, in whose house she was imprisoned, she said: 'You can kill me as soon as you like but you cannot stop the emancipation of women.' At last she was strangled and her body thrown into an empty well and stones piled upon it. Preparing for her execution she put on her choicest robes as if she were going to a bridal party." So speaks 'Abdu'1-Baha of this heroic leader of women who gave her life for the liberation of her sex at a time when Susan B. Anthony, Frances Willard and others had not yet begun the campaign. "A new religious principle is that prejudice and fanaticism whether sectarian, denominational, patriotic Portals To Freedom 1 8 3 or political are destructive to the foundation of human solidarity. Therefore man should release himself from such bonds in order that the oneness of the world of humanity may become manifest." 4 The cancer at the heart of world society is prejudice. It affects every relation in life from "other-side-of-the- tracks" snobbery to racial and religious antagonisms re- sulting in lynchings, pogroms and massacres like that of St. Bartholomew and the centuries long persecution of the Armenians. I do not ask the reader to believe that such a cancer may at once be eradicated, but only to ask himself whether it might not have a fair chance of ex- termination if an influential minority of world leaders, who would necessarily carry with them the mass of their followers, became convinced (after scientific investiga- tion) of the "Authority" of the promulgator of this prin- ciple. "Universal Peace," 'Abdu'1-Baha went on, "is assured by Baha'U'llah as a fundamental accomplishment of the Religion of God; that peace shall prevail among nations, governments and peoples; among religions, races and all conditions of mankind. This is one of the special characteristics of the Word of God revealed in this Manifestation." 4 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. 2, p. 450. 184 Portals To Freedom This is what Baha'U'llah calls "The Most Great Peace." Note that it implies not the mere cessation of warfare. It goes to the root of the matter and envisages the whole composite life of the individual, the society in which he functions and the emotions which are the main- springs of action. "Baha'U'llah declares that all mankind should attain knowledge and acquire an education." Again I would point out that this principle found ut- terance at a time when education in all parts of the world was assumed to be the prerogative only of a certain class. Its acquirement was denied the millions of children and adults alike whose station in life cut them off from those privileges of intellectual attainments which are the source of power. It was rightfully discerned that if the under- dogs should be allowed the same access to the sources of this power which their rulers possessed their writhings might displace the mighty from their seats. It is an in- teresting coincidence, to say the least, that with this com- manding edict from Baha'U'llah began the first emer- gence of what is known as free education of "the com- mon people." And with it the first hopeful efforts to- wards their freedom in every field of human activity. Portals To Freedom 1 85 "Baha'U'llah has set forth the solution and provided the remedy for the economic question." "He has ordained and established the House of Justice which is endowed with a political as well as a religious function, the consummate union and blending of Church and State. This institution is under the protecting power of Baha'U'llah Himself. A universal or international House of Justice shall also be organized whose rulings shall be in accordance with the commands and teachings of Baha'U'llah, and that which the universal House of Justice ordains shall be obeyed by all mankind. This international House of Justice shall be appointed and organized from the (local and national) Houses of Justice of the whole world, and all the world shall come under its administration." 5 That is to say: Baha'U'llah has planned and ordained a type of world organization which bears an analogous relation to the Federal Government of the United States in that it envisages a Federation of the nations of the world under a central "House of Justice." There is this impor- tant and far-reaching difference, however, the Plan of Baha'U'llah involves that this governing head shall have a religious as well as a political function. This startles the minds of those who associate "religion" with the history of the abuses growing out of the warfare between Mu- hammedans and Christians; between Catholics and Prot- estants, and the only lesser strife between the countless sects in all religions. 5 Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 451. 1 86 Portals To Freedom But when it is understood that this State Religion for- mulated by Baha'U'llah is predicated upon world unity in the spheres of social, economic and educational activ- ities as well as of religion; when one realizes that "the rulings of the House of Justice shall be in accordance with the commands and teachings of Baha'Ullah" which abolish prejudice, bigotry and contention, it is seen that the objections to such a union tend to disappear. To draw a parallel let us assume that at the time of the Council of Nicea in 325 A.D. a constitution had been drawn up for the government of the Holy Roman Em- pire based upon the Sermon on the Mount, the thirteenth chapter of ist Corinthians; the twelfth chapter of Romans, the Epistles of John and a few scattering para- graphs of similar high ethical import from the Old Testa- ment. Let us suppose further that included in that con- stitution had been the principle that the prophets of all other religions were of equal authority with Christ and Moses; that Zoroaster and Krishna and Buddha were ac- cepted as of equal authority with the Christ, and that all their followers were included among the participants of the benefits accruing to this unity of peoples and religions under the Holy Roman Empire. And still further let us suppose that Christ Himself had left a written constitu- tion to the above effect and had appointed under His own hand and seal a certain one of His disciples as the first head of the governing council of the Empire, together with a definite program for the selection of his successors, the tenure of these incumbents to be determined by a Cabinet, or Council elected by popular suffrage by all Portals To Freedom 1 87 the peoples of the then known world. If your imag- ination is active enough to suppose all this your honest judgment will follow that the history of religion for the last nineteen hundred years would have been vastly dif- ferent. Yet all that I have ventured to put as a supposition in the case of Christianity, falls short of the facts underlying the establishment of the Baha'i World Religion. This, I think, will be demonstrated later in this chapter. The last one of the distinguishing characteristics of the Revelation of Baha'U'llah which 'Abdu'1-Baha elabo- rated that evening is one which is not usually emphasized: yet it is of the utmost importance. 'Abdu'1-Baha called it "the most great characteristic" of the teachings of Baha- 'U'llah. "It is the ordination and appointment of the Center of the Covenant. By this appointment and provision He has safeguarded and protected the religion of God against differences and schisms, making it impossible for anyone to create a new sect or faction of belief. To insure unity and agreement He has entered into a Covenant with all the people of the world designating the interpreter and explainer of His teachings so that no one may interpret or explain the religion of God according to his own view or opinion and thus create a sect founded upon his in- dividual understanding of the divine words." 6 Ibid., p. 451. 1 88 Portals To Freedom That is to say: Baha'U'llah in His Will and Testa- ment named His own Son, 'Abdu'1-Baha, as the sole in- terpreter of the meaning and implications of His teach- ings. "He did this," He said, "not because he is My son but because he is the purest channel in the world for the dissemination of the Water of Life." To make the picture complete it is necessary to include in this explanation a reference to the Will and Testa- ment which 'Abdu'1-Baha left when He passed from this world in 192 1. In that Will He appointed His grandson, Shoghi Effendi, then a youth of 25, as Guardian of the Cause of God and the Head of the first House of Justice. One of the prime functions of the Guardian is to decide without question as to the meanings and implications of the teachings of Baha'U'llah. Now let us use our most vivid imagination again. Let us suppose that Peter, instead of being a fisher-disciple of Jesus', had been his own son, had been under His care and instruction since infancy. Let us watch Jesus as He grew to old age writing innumerable books, and epistles and holding countless conversations with His followers who had grown before His passing to a host numbering in the hundreds of thousands, and had seen thousands of believers die as martyrs in His Cause, in spite of the fact that He was in exile and prison for the last forty years of His life. And let us finally postulate that Peter, His son, lived for twenty-nine years after the passing of Jesus (remem- bering that Jesus had left the appointment of this son as the only interpreter of His Words) and that those years had been spent in writing books, thousands of letters, Portals To Freedom 1 89 answering every conceivable question that could arise as to the meaning of the teachings of Jesus, and finally that Peter had spent some ten years traveling throughout the known world, meeting not scorn and persecution but honor and respect from all classes of people. Then, as has been said, before his own passing at the age of seventy- seven years, appointing his grandson to act as the Guard- ian of the purity of Jesus' teachings. I think you will agree with me that not only would the history of the Christian Church have been more free from the schisms which have rent it asunder, but that The Holy Roman Empire would have been a power for unity and peace, acting ever for the welfare and happi- ness of the race, for do not forget that its constitution would have been based solely on the Words of the Prophets of God, culminating in the Sermon on the Mount and that no discrimination was allowable between the followers of any one of these Mouthpieces of the Eternal. I have followed this hypothetical analogy at some length for it seems to me the best form in which to pre- sent vividly the World Order planned and ordained by Baha'U'llah, explained, exemplified and fully set forth by 'Abdu'1-Baha and which is now being actively brought into functioning power by Shoghi Effendi. There is still one highly important feature of the Plan of Baha'U'llah which needs emphasis. He has ordained in His Law that throughout the world there shall be built Temples for the worship of the one God, in which all mankind shall be welcomed, without regard to the Name under which they have chosen to be enrolled. These 190 Portals To Freedom Temples consist of ten buildings; a central one built after a prescribed plan, having nine sides, nine entrances, nine paths radiating from these entrances leading to the nine other buildings surrounding the central House of Wor- ship. These nine buildings are to represent and typify the various means by which the Love of God flows forth in manifestation of the love of man for man. For instance a hospital, an institution of learning, a home for the aged, an institution for the care and instruction of the blind, a home for orphaned children, a laboratory for scientific research, an institution for the care and instruction of the deaf and dumb and sub-normal unfortunates, and a build- ing containing lecture halls and class rooms for the dis- semination of the principles and objectives of pure re- ligion, for this is not within the functions of the House of Worship itself. Within those holy walls the words of man are never heard. No sermons or ritual observances are there observed. Nothing but the Words of God ut- tered by His Prophets are there chanted. And further- more it is prescribed that no salary is attached to the services of any spiritual teacher. And included among the nine buildings surrounding the central One is a Hotel, or Hospice for the entertain- ment of travelers. Here visitors are welcomed, cared for gratis temporarily and served in any way their need dic- tates. Two of these Houses of Worship are already in existence: one in Ishkabad, Russia, completed some years ago, the other (the central building only) in Wilmette, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. In this group of buildings we see typified for the first time in human history what Jesus described as the sum- The Baha'i House of Worship Now Being Erected at Wilmette, 111. (As It Will Appear When Completed) Portals To Freedom 191 ming up of all the Law and all the Prophetic teachings the Love of God expressed in love for man. Is it any wonder that He described the fulfilment of His prophetic Words as "The Kingdom of God on Earth!" "The Administrative Order, which ever since 'Abdu'l- Baha's ascension has evolved and is taking shape under our very eyes in no fewer than forty countries of the world, may be considered as the framework of the Will CAbdu'l-Baha's Will) itself, the inviolable stronghold wherein this new-born child is being nurtured and de- veloped. This Administrative Order, as it expands and consolidates itself, will no doubt manifest the potentialities and reveal the full implications of this momentous Docu- mentthis most remarkable expression of the Will of One of the most remarkable Figures of the Dispensation of Baha'U'llah. It will, as its component parts, its organic institutions, begin to function with efficiency and vigor, assert its claim and demonstrate its capacity to be regarded not only as the nucleus but the very pattern of the New World Order destined to embrace in the fulness of time the whole of mankind." 7 "So firm and mighty is this Covenant that from the beginning of time until the present day no religious dis- pensation hath produced its like." 'Abdu'1-Baha. 8 7 Dispensation of Baha 'U'llah, p. 52, Shoghi Effendi. . 54. 1 92 Portals To Freedom Chapter Thirteen SOME DIVINE CHARACTERISTICS. THE HUMILITY OF SERVITUDE. THE STATION OF TRUE MANHOOD. "The life of man is divine, eternal; not mortal and sensual. The sublimity of man is his attainment to the knowledge of God. The happiness of man is in the fragrance of the love of God. This is the highest pinnacle of attainment in the human world." 'Abdu'1-Baha. Promulgation of Universal Peace, v. 2. p. 180 DURING the last three days before 'Abdu'1-Baha left this country I haunted His presence. Those early December days brought a chill to my heart as well as to my body. Although, even then, I had not arrived at the point where I could say from my heart that I ac- cepted the fundamental Baha'i teachings relative to the di- vine station of Baha'U'llah and His place in the long line of prophetic Revelators, yet there could be no doubt in my mind of the station of 'Abdu'1-Baha. What mattered if the station I ascribed was not in Portals To Freedom 193 terms exactly parallel to those used by the friends around Him. It sufficed me that I saw in Him the perfect man, and that I would gladly have sacrificed all that I had, or ever could have, to approach that perf ectness. It was not simply that He had never failed me in a response to the circumstances and conditions of daily life which left nothing to be desired from the standpoint of wisdom, humility, courage, gentleness and courtesy. If that were all it would mean that I was assuming to my own judgment an expert dogmatism. Who was I to de- termine whether He were wise or not? Could I, in my ignorance, know anything about it? Could I judge, to any appreciable degree, His station except to compare Him with myself and any others I had ever known? From that viewpoint there could be no doubt. Incom- parably was He superior. He stood out from mankind as a Mont Blanc upon a plain. But there was something else which those who have carefully read this chronicle must have marked, but which elusively evades descriptive words. Yet must one try, for it is this very elusive something which does much to explain His power. One of these fascinating and provocative characteris- tics was His ready laughter when alluding to subjects usually approached with extreme gravity. For instance: On the last day in New York I had my final personal in- terview with Him. I was saying good-bye and my heart was sad. Haltingly, I expressed this sorrow that He was leaving the country and that, in all probability, I should never see Him again. We were standing. It was actually 194 Portals To Freedom the last good-bye. 'Abdu'1-Baha laid His arm across my shoulders and walked with me to the door, saying that I should be with Him in all the worlds of God. And then He laughed a hearty, ringing laugh and I: my eyes blinded with tears. "Why does He laugh?" I thought. Nevertheless, these words, and even more, the tone in which they were uttered, and His joyous laughter, have been an illuminating light upon my path through all these years. Another characteristic always apparent was His si- lence. In the world of social and intellectual intercourse to which I was accustomed silence was almost unfor- givable. From the collegiate with his, or her, "line," to the lawyer, doctor, minister, statesman a ready answer, a witty bon mot, a wise remark, a knowing smile was stock-in-trade. They all had their "line," and it was upon their readiness or unreadiness to meet every occasion ver- bally that their reputation largely rested. How differently 'Abdu'1-Baha met the questioner, the conversationalist, the occasion: To the questioner He re- sponded first with silence an outward silence. His en- couragement always was that the other should speak and He listen. There was never that eager tenseness, that restlessness so often met showing most plainly that the listener has the pat answer ready the moment he should have a chance to utter it. I have heard certain people described as "good lis- teners," but never had I imagined such a "listener" as 'Abdul'-Baha. It was more than a sympathetic absorption of what the ear received. It was as though the two indi- Portals To Freedom 195 vidualities became one; as if He so closely identified Him- self with the one speaking that a merging of spirits oc- curred which made a verbal response almost unnecessary, superfluous. As I write, the words of Baha'U'llah recur to me: "When the sincere servant calls to Me in prayer I become the very ear with which He heareth My reply." * That was just it! 'Abdu'1-Baha seemed to listen with my ears. You see what I mean by saying that I am trying to de- scribe the indescribable. All this may sound to the reader as quite fantastic. Others may not have received this im- pression in their contacts with Him, but this invariable characteristic of 'Abdu'1-Baha is one of my most vivid remembrances and has been the subject of much medita- tion. And when, under His encouraging sympathy, the in- terviewer became emptied of his words, there followed a brief interval of silence. There was no instant and com- plete outpouring of explanation and advice. He some- times closed His eyes a moment as if He sought guidance from above himself; sometimes sat and searched the ques- tioner's soul with a loving, comprehending smile that melted the heart. And when He finally spoke, and that modulated, resonant voice of music came, the words were so unex- pected, often, so seemingly foreign to the subject, that the questioner was at first somewhat bewildered, but al- i Seven Valleys-Bahd'U'lldh. 196 Portals To Freedom ways, with me at least, this was followed by a calmness, an understanding which went much deeper than the mind. Still another characteristic from the many which crowd the memory: His penetrating insight into the very heart of every subject under discussion. Sometimes this was shown by a story in which wit and wisdom were so in- extricably mingled that one was often at a loss to know whether he should laugh, or weep, or stand in awe. When He was at Lake Mohonk, where He spoke to the members of the Inter-National Peace Conference, 'Abdu'1-Baha was walking with a group of the friends one morning when they came upon a party of young people. After a few words of greeting He said: that He would tell them an oriental story: Once the rats and mice held an important conference the subject of which was how to make peace with the cat. After a long and heated dis- cussion it was decided that the best thing to do would be to tie a bell around the neck of the cat so that the rats and mice would be warned of his movements and have time to get out of his way. This seemed an excellent plan until the question arose as to who should undertake the dangerous job of belling the cat. None of the rats liked the idea and the mice thought they were altogether too weak. So the confer- ence broke up in confusion. Everyone laughed, 'Abdu'1-Baha with them. After a short pause He added that that is much like these Peace Conferences. Many words, but no one is likely to ap- proach the question of who will bell the Czar of Russia, the Emperor of Germany, the President of France and the Emperor of Japan. Portals To Freedom 197 Faces were now more grave. 'Abdu'1-Baha laughed again: There is a Divine Club, He said, which shall break their power in pieces. In the light of world events during the twenty-five years since 'Abdu'1-Baha told that story to a youthful, happy group fresh from listening to the eloquent appeals for world peace voiced by well-meaning but impotent ones; the distractedly weak discussing how to bell the war-cat, His keen penetration into the very heart of the difficulty, and His laughing summing up of the situation in a little ancient fable, the characteristic of which I spoke is demonstrated but only to a slight degree. Two years later the world war broke. Some of those very youngsters who laughed with Him so light- heartedly doubtless left their bodies in Flanders; the Ger- man war-lord fled his empire, his dreams become a night- mare; the torrent flooding the world carried thrones to ruin like disintegrating dwellings in a spring freshet. The Divine Club, indeed! On one of these final days, while waiting for the friends to gather, I was talking with one of the Persian friends, Mahmud, while the Master was busied with a small group nearby. As ever, my mind was preoccupied with watch- ing Him. His gestures, His smile, His radiant personality were a constant fascination. "May I ask," Mahmud was saying, "whether you speak from your pulpit about the Cause of Baha'U'llah at all?" "Yes," I answered, "not as often as I might wish, but I quote frequently from the Writings in illustration of my subject." 198 Portals To Freedom "When you quote do you mention the Author?" "Certainly," I said, in some surprise, "I naturally give my authority." He said, "It must require some courage, does that not arouse criticism?" "I had not thought of the matter in that light. Why should it require courage to speak of truth without re- gard to its source? We are not living in the middle ages." Mahmud stepped over to where 'Abdu'1-Baha was sit- ting and said a few words in Persian to Him. The Master smiled over at me with that indescribably penetrating glance of which I have often spoken. He remarked that it took a great deal of courage. This was on the afternoon of Dec. 3d in the Park Avenue home of a woman whose life for years had been dedicated to service in spite of the, at times, somewhat violent opposition of her influential husband, who had even gone so far as to have her examined by alienists, but who, some years later, became a devoted adherent to the cause of Baha'U'llah. The large drawing room was filled when the Master spoke to us. The words were few but pregnant, dealing again with those qualities which must characterize the believers. "I offer supplication to the Kingdom of 'Abha and seek extraordinary blessings and confirmations on your behalf in order that your tongues may become fluent, your hearts like clear mirrors flooded with the rays of the Sun of Truth, your thoughts expanded, your compre- Portals To Freedom 199 hensions more vivid and that you may progress in the plane of human perfections. "Until man acquires perfections himself he will not be able to teach perfections to others. Unless man attains life himself he cannot convey life to others. Unless he finds light he cannot reflect light. We must therefore endeavor ourselves to attain to the perfections of the world of humanity, lay hold of everlasting life and seek the divine spirit in order that we may thereby be enabled to confer life upon others, be enabled to breathe life into others." 2 As these words are written we recall a conversation with one of the editors of a well-known and "influential" Christian magazine. He has written and lectured much on world conditions and is an eloquent disciple of the cause of international peace. In this interview, which I had sought because of one of his books lately read, I men- tioned the Baha'i House of Worship whose impressive dome was almost within sight of where we sat. Instantly his demeanor changed. "If you are speaking of Baha'ism," he said, "I have nothing more to say." "Have you investigated its teachings?" I asked, much surprised at this strange attitude. "No, I haven't and I have no desire to do so," he an- swered. And without waiting for a reply, he continued: 'That may be prejudice, and I am frank to admit that I am prejudiced." 2 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, pp. 453-54. 200 Portals To Freedom "How can we ever attain to world peace unless we are freed from prejudice?" I said, rising to take my leave, for the interview was plainly at an end, "surely we can free ourselves from that incubus/' "Never," he said, smilingly but with great vigor, "never can we be free from prejudice: it is ineradicable in human nature." I speak of this incident, unimportant in itself, to illus- trate the unanswerable wisdom of 'Abdu'l-Baha's words just quoted. He is not holding before us an unattainable or indefinite ideal. He is pointing out a simple and dem- onstrable fact. And in the light of that fact we see at once why so little real progress is made towards univer- sal peace and unity in religion by the wordy adherents of these ideals. How plainly does prejudice, self-interest and narrow vision underlie their words! How can the hearts clouded by such mists reflect the Sun of Truth? How can they breathe life into others when there is no sincere, self- sacrificing desire on their part to acquire life? On the evening of the same day 'Abdu'1-Baha spoke briefly again to a group of Baha'i friends of the subject which, on these last days seemed very close to His heart and lips the station to which those who had accepted the teachings of Baha'U'llah were called and expected to attain by the very fact that they had accepted them. I remember, in this connection, a story told me by one of the friends present at a meeting of the executive com- mittee of the New York Spiritual Assembly. 'Abdu'l- Baha had been asked to be present. After listening to Portals To Freedom 201 their deliberations for a half-hour or so He calmly arose to leave. At the door He paused a moment and surveyed the faces turned towards Him. After a moment of silence He said, that He had been told that this was a meeting of the executive committee. "Yes, Master," said the Chair- man. Then why do you not execute. Always was His emphasis upon deeds: and deeds of such quality and purity as seemed, to those who listened, unattainable. Nevertheless there was no lowering of the standard. And He set the example. There was no doubt of that. Like the true Leader He never called upon His followers to go where He had not blazed the Path. "I have proclaimed unto you the glad-tidings of the kingdom of God and explained the wishes of the Blessed Perfection. I have set forth that which is conducive to human progress and shown you the humility of servi- tude."* I have selected these latter words for emphasis because they indicate what seems to me to be the very heart of 'Abdu'l-Baha's teachings. First: His invariable example. Second: His "humil- 8 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. 11, p. 456, the italics arc mine. 202 Portals To Freedom ity of servitude." This spirit of servitude was His distin- guishing characteristic. The very title given Him by Baha'U'llah, 'Abdu'1-Baha, and by which He wished al- ways to be known and addressed, "The Servant of Glory," was indicative of the essential nature of this quality as it related to the Baha'i teaching. He was once asked to act as honorary chairman of the National Spir- itual Assembly. " 'Abdu'1-Baha is a servant," He re- sponded simply. "I am 'Abdu'1-Baha and no more. I am not pleased with whosoever praises me by any other title. I am the servant of the Blessed Perfection, and I hope that this Servitude of mine will become acceptable. Whosoever mentions any other name save this will not please me at all. 'Abdu'l-Bahd and no more. No person must praise me except by this name: " 'Abdu'1-Baha." And again: "The mystery of mysteries of these words, texts and lines, is servitude to the Holy Presence of the Beauty of 'Abha, and efFacement, evanescence and perfect dispersion before the Blessed Threshold. This is my bril- liant diadem and my glorious crown. With this I will be glorified in the heavenly kingdom and the kingdom of this world. And with it I will approach unto the Beauty among the nearest ones to God, and no one is allowed to interpret other than this." 'Abdu'1-Baha says that the "conditions of existence are limited to servitude, Prophethood and Deity." 4 That is 4 Some Answered Questions, p. 267. Portals To Freedom 203 to say: since man is incapable of attainment either to the station of the Divine Essence or of Prophethood (except in those unique instances of the anointed Ones, which occur, roughly speaking about every thousand years) the only possible station to which he may aspire is that of servitude. In spite of the fact that Jesus proclaimed much the same truth this is practically an entirely new conception, originating with the teaching of Baha'U'llah and exem- plified in every deed and word of His majestic Son. It is important, then, that this word and its implications be examined. What does 'Abdu'1-Baha mean by Servi- tude? What possible ground can he have for asserting, as He does by implication, that unless man in this day at- tains that station he forfeits the right to be called man at all? When Jesus said: "He that would be greatest among you let him be the servant of all:" "The meek shall in- herit the earth." And when He washed His disciple's feet what did He mean? What was He trying to con- vey? Exactly what 'Abdu'1-Baha means when He made the statements I have quoted above. And it is very simple and demonstrable truth. Baha'U'llah says: "The station of man is high. This is a great and blessed Day, and that which has been hidden in man is and shall be disclosed. The station of man is great if he 204 Portals To Freedom holds to Reality and Truth, and if he be firm and steadfast in the Commands. The true man appeareth before the Merciful One like unto the heavens; his sight and hearing are the sun and moon; his bright and shining qualities are the stars; his station is the highest one; his traces are the educators of existence." 5 And again He says: "Man is not to be called man until he be imbued with the attributes of the Merciful." e Now, as though a wide window opened to a breeze from the world of explanation and understanding, 'Abdu'l-Baha's glorification of the station of Servitude be- comes clear, or at least clearer than was possible without this new, yet eternally old, definition of Man. For Servi- tude, to 'Abdu'1-Baha, was is the Path, the only pos- sible Path to that Greatness. And this, I believe, is just the greatness to which Jesus referred, the greatness of true Manhood. One of the distinguishing marks of the revela- tion of Baha'U'llah is His practical explanation of Jesus' Words and the inclusion of their obedience in His the- ophany. "The humility of servitude" to 'Abdu'1-Baha was His "Brilliant diadem and glorious crown." Why? Certainly not because He wished to be honored and glorified above others. That would be far from humility. No! Only because He thus, and thus only, could show others the Path to Greatness. 5 Baha'f Scriptures, p. 259. Words of Wisdom, Baha'U'llah. Portals To Freedom 205 Speaking broadly, there are three possible basic rela- tions between men: Strife, Cooperation and Service. Whether these relations are demonstrated in the fields of home life; commerce; education; government, or any- where else, these three motivating impulses may be seen. Usually all three of them are present, each striving for supremacy, though often quite unconsciously. Some- times only one or two are active. Take the average home life for example. There we find, let us say, a father, a mother, three or four children and a housemaid. There is strife always to be found, even in the most idealistic home. Not an outward strife al- ways, though differences do often arise, but always an inner commotion due to the necessary effort towards unity. Then, of course there is cooperation for this is the basis of any family life, without which it would dis- integrate rapidly. Finally we see service typified by the housemaid, but active in every member in varying de- grees. Let us imagine that rare article: a perfect maid ser- vant, a purely hypothetical character, admittedly, but ad- mirable for the purpose of illustration. She is efficient, cooks the most delectable dishes; she is good natured, al- ways cheerful and happy; she is obedient, never asserts herself, never contradicts; she is wise with a homely com- mon sense which penetrates to the heart of a problem, whether it relates to the "master's" fondness for coffee of a certain strength, the "mistress' " liking for breakfast in bed combined with an early engagement at a committee 206 Portals To Freedom meeting, or little Johnnie's embarrassment over a raid on the pantry resulting in tummy-agony which must be hid- den from mother. This wisdom may even be so far- embracing that it involves a study of the current news and market reports so that father and mother unconsciously talk things over with her when a club paper is to be pre- pared or a large purchase made. I have sometimes amused myself with picturing the daily life of such a family. Is there any question which one of its members would be the ruling power? Which the greatest, the most indispensable one of its members? Can one not imagine the consternation in that household if "Bridget" or "Mary" should announce a severing of connection? Take another illustration: A corner grocery which has for its motto and lives up to it every instant "Serv- ice First." Service before profit; service before clock- watching; service before any personal consideration whatever. After all, preposterous as such an hypothetical grocery store may be, that is just what a food store should be. Does not the comfort, even in isolated cases perhaps, the very life of the community it serves depend upon it? If the desire for profit overbalances, the result is debased and unhealthy food. The law has stringent penalties for such infraction, but such laws would be unnecessary if the spirit of true service ruled. But our imaginary our utterly preposterous ideal store IS ruled by that spirit. No self-sacrifice is too great for its owner and employees to insure that perfect service is rendered with its only ob- Portals To Freedom 207 jective the health, happiness and welfare of its commu- nity. Can one not easily picture the inevitable result? That store would be the Ruler of that community. Its fame would spread over the land; its business would prosper beyond any imaginings; its owner and managers might be consulted by statesmen. It would be GREAT. But let us allow our imaginations further rioting. Let us suppose that in addition to this spirit of service the proprietor was possessed of a wisdom and love based upon the Sermon on the Mount. The mere suggestion of such a possibility is sufficient. Such a man would come to be possessed of a Power rivalling and surpassing that of a king. If the reader is not by this time so bored by this fan- tastic picture that he throws the book down in disgust, let him in imagination apply this principle to the field of education, in which teachers, students, principals, et al, are motivated by a like spirit; to the field of general com- merce; of government, of international relations. Would not the happiness, prosperity, efficiency and general wel- fare of the race be immeasurably advanced? But the important thing to observe is that this picture involves the appearance on this planet of a type of man quite new in world experience. But let it be also noted that while such a man is new in actual experience he is not new in the picturings of such men as Confucius, Buddha, Zoroaster, Moses, Jesus and Muhammed. Such men have always held these ideals before mankind. But 2o8 Portals To Freedom in the teachings of Baha'U'llah, and in the life and ex- ample of 'Abdu'1-Baha, these ideals are for the first time brought to the forefront and made the basis of a New World Order. Man is called today to the attainment of that station to which he was destined from the "Beginning which has no beginning." In the very Words of Bahd'U'llah: "We have created whomsoever is in the heaven and upon the earth after the nature of God. And he who advanceth to this Face (His Revelation) will appear in the condition wherein he was created" 7 This, then, is why 'Abdu'1-Baha so exalted the station of Servitude. This is why He intimated that man accept- ing any station lower than this, any putting of self be- fore service to others, qualifies himself as of the animal, the bestial nature, and places himself outside the pale of real manhood. It is because the definition of Man is altered. That which has been hinted in the past as a pos- sible goal is now a requisite. Man's dreams, his highest dreams, must now be realized. And the path to that real- ization is the path of Service; its Goal the attainment to the station of pure Servitude. "The sweetness of servitude is the food of my spirit." These words of the Master indicates the source of His power. His was a vastly higher quality of service than even that of my fanciful imagination in the hypothetical cases mentioned above. It went far deeper; it rose to far greater heights. It was a quality inherent in His deepest being, and manifested itself in every look, gesture, deed, I had almost said in every breath He drew. The following 7 Surat'l Hykl Baha'U'llah Bahd'i Scrip, p. 217. _____________ Portals To Freedom _ 209 prayer unequivocally expresses the divine station ascribed in His heart to this quality of Servitude. Can any one reading it, with eyes from which the veil of self has fallen, fail to glimpse the glory to which manhood may rise when once the Truth it hides from our blind, self -clouded eyes is clearly seen? "O my God! O my God! I ask thee to forgive every- thing save my servitude to Thy Supreme Threshold. I deprive myself of every ornament save that of humilia- tion and evanescence before Thy Oneness. By thy Power, verily, the sweetness of servitude is the food of my spirit; with the fragrance of servitude My breast will be dilated, my being refreshed, my heart delighted, my eyes bright- ened, my nostrils perfumed, and in servitude is the healing of all my disease, the allaying of my burning thirst, the soothing of my pain. Immerse me, O my God, in this most bounteous, rolling ocean (of Servitude). Give me to drink of this sweet abundant water. Cause me to enter this gateway of righteousness; ordain for me this praiseworthy station; cause me to obtain this Cup which is overflowing with the living water; light in the crystal of my heart this Lamp which is giving forth its illuminating, brilliant radiance, and strengthen me for the service of Thy Cause, O my Lord, the forgiver! Accept my servitude in the Court of Thy Holy Oneness, O Thou, the Manifestor of Mt. Sinai. Assist me to abide in its conditions, O Thou, the Authority of Manifestation. Aid me to assist Thy Cause in the eastern and western parts of the earth, O Thou, the Possessor of the Day of Resurrection. 2io Tfortals To Freedom I ask Thee, by Thy written Book, dispersed writings by Thy hidden mystery, and Thy firm proclamations to cause me to be steadfast in servitude to Thee, O my Lord, the Forgiver! Verily Thou art the powerful over that which Thou wishest: and verily, Thou art the Merciful, the Compas- sionate." Baha'f Scrip, p. 265. 'Abdu'1-Bah-i In the Garden of Bahji Portals To Freedom 211 Chapter Fourteen THE DEPARTURE 'ABDU'L-BAHA'S LAST WORDS IN AMERICA. SEVEN DISTINCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TEACHINGS. EVIDENCES OF THE NEW WORLD ORDER. "Every 'Christ' came to the world of mankind. There- fore we must investigate the foundation of divine religion, discover its reality, re-establish it and spread its message throughout the world so that it may become the source of illumination and enlightenment to mankind, the spirit- ually dead become alive, the spiritually blind receive sight, and those who are inattentive to God become awakened." 'Abdu'1-Baha. THE morning of December 5, 1912, witnessed a re- markable scene in one of the saloon cabins of the S. S. Celtic as she lay in the slip in New York harbor, yet how few realized its significance. Here was a great modern steamship about to leave for Naples. As I went up the gang-plank I found myself in the midst of that indeterminate, indescribable rushing 212 Portals To Freedom about; the bustling confusion of a departing liner. Friends saying a last good-bye; laughter with wet eyes; petty- officers bellowing orders; whistles from passing ferry- boats; uniforms, business suits, rumbling baggage trunks, women, children and the wintry sun bright over all. I caught sight of several of my friends and joined them on their way to the large saloon cabin which seemed to have been given over to the farewell scene. Here the at- mosphere was very different. True, the noises of the world without penetrated but were silenced by the seren- ity of another world. Here was 'Abdu'1-Baha, His face a mosaic of beauty. His cream-colored robe fell to His feet. His fez slightly tipped, as I had grown accustomed to seeing it at times. In fact the position of that head- dress seemed to me often indicative of His mood hu- morous, slightly tipped; welcoming, a backward slant; grave and serious, firmly on His crown of silvery hair; authoritative and commanding, slightly over His dome- like brow. These may be fanciful differentiations but much of my time during my many meetings with Him had been spent in silent watchfulness of that com- pelling figure, and many must have noted, as had I, that one of His most characteristic movements was the invol- untarily lifted hand adjusting the fez to a new angle. My memory recalls the scene as though yesterday my eyes beheld it. The large, low-ceiled saloon was crowded. At least one hundred, possibly more of the friends were there. The Persians who had accompanied Him to this country surrounded Him more correctly speaking, were grouped behind Him. Indicative of the Oriental Portals To Freedom ^ 1 3 attitude toward the Master was the noticeable fact that never, under any circumstances, would one of them dream of standing in front of Him, or even beside Him, unless summoned or delivering a message. When walking always were they in the rear. Even when accompanied by only one, and conversing with Him, that one always walked an appreciable few inches behind Him. When speaking with Him they rarely raised their eyes to His face. In His presence they stood as before a king. How different the Western believer's attitude! Our boasted democracy has its windy aspects under any circum- stances, but when in the presence of spiritual majesty humility is freedom. Few of us found seats. The chairs and lounges were limited and we were many. The interpreter, who had long been His secretary and was now returning with Him, stood a pace behind Him. And then He spoke. For the last time, in this world, that beloved voice resounded in my ears. I have often mentioned the quality of that voice. Never shall it be forgotten by those who truly heard it. It had a bell-like resonance unapproached by any other. It seemed to carry with it the music of another world. Almost one could imagine an accompaniment of unseen choirs. "This is my last meeting with you. These are my final words of exhortation. I have repeatedly summoned you to the cause of the unity of the world of humanity, announcing that all mankind are the servants of the same God. Therefore you must manifest the greatest kindness 2 14 Portals To Freedom _ and love towards the nations of the world, setting aside fanaticism, abandoning religious, national and racial prejudice ..... Therefore if anyone offends another he offends God. God loves all equally. As this is true should the sheep quarrel amongst themselves? They should manifest gratitude and thankfulness to God, and the best way to thank God is to love one another. Beware lest ye offend any heart, lest ye speak against anyone in his absence, lest ye estrange yourselves from the servants of God. Direct your whole effort towards the happiness of those who are despondent, bestow food upon the hungry, clothe the needy and glorify the humble. Be a helper to every helpless one and manifest kindness to your fellow-creatures in order that ye may attain the good-pleasure of God. This is conducive to the illumina- tion of the world of humanity and eternal felicity for yourselves. I seek from God everlasting glory on your behalf; therefore this is my prayer and exhortation." After a reference to the war then being carried on in the Balkans, and the arresting sentence; in the light of what occurred two years later: "A world-enkindling fire is astir in the Balkans," He continued: "As to you: your efforts must be lofty. Exert your- selves with heart and soul so that through your efforts the light of universal peace may shine; that all men may become as one family; that the East may assist the West and the West give help to the East. Consider how the Prophets who have been sent, the great souls who have appeared and the sages who have Portals To Freedom 215 arisen among men, have exhorted mankind to unity and love. This has been the goal of their guidance and mes- sage. Consider the heedlessness of the world, for, notwith- standing the efforts and sufferings of the prophets of God, the nations are still engaged in hostility and fighting. How heedless and ignorant are the people of the world! How gross the darkness which envelops them! Although they are the children of a compassionate God, they con- tinue to act in opposition to His will and pleasure. God blesses and protects their homes; they rage, sack and destroy each other's homes. Consider their ignorance and heedlessness! Your duties are of another kind, for you are informed of the mysteries of God. Your eyes are illumined, your ears are quickened with hearing. You must look towards each other and then towards mankind with the utmost love and kindness. You have no excuse to bring before God if you fail to live according to His command, for you are informed of that which constitutes the good- pleasure of God. You have heard His commandments and precepts. You must, therefore, be kind to all men; you must even treat your enemies as your friends. You must consider your evil-wishers as your well-wishers. Those who are not agreeable towards you must be regarded as those who are congenial and pleasant; so that, perchance, this darkness of disagreement and conflict may disappear from amongst men and the light of the divine may shine forth; so that the Orient may be illumined and the Occident be filled with fragrance; nay, so that the East and the West may embrace each other in love and deal with each other in sympathy and affection. Until man reaches this high station the world of humanity shall not find rest, and eternal felicity shall not be attained. But if man lives up to these divine Com" fnandmentSy this world of earth shall be transformed into 2 1 6 Portals To Freedom the world of heaven and this material sphere shall be converted into a Paradise of Glory. It is my hope that you may become successful in this high calling, so that like brilliant lamps you may cast light upon this world of humanity and quicken and stir the body of existence like unto a spirit of life. This is eternal glory. This is everlasting felicity. This is immortal Life. This is heavenly attainment. This is being created in the image and likeness of God. And unto this I call you, praying God to strengthen and bless you." * Such ideas and ideals have been expressed by all the noble ones of the past and present but at this great crisis in the history of mankind their implications are entirely different. (1) They are not only exhortations; they are Com- mands. Note the recurrence of the word "must." (2) They are characterized by their completeness (I here refer to the full and exhaustive revelations of Baha- 'U'llah and their practical exemplification by 'Abdu'l- Baha) and their definite application to the needs of the hour. (3) Never in the history of mankind has the mind of the average man been so matured and prepared to listen to, and to act upon them, nor so generally aware of the pressing, immediate need of their application. (4) For at least 1300 years such ideals and commands have not found utterance through human lips by One Who not only spoke them but lived them. 1 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. n, pp. 464-67. Portals To Freedom ^ 1 7 (5) These Commands are addressed not to a select group, not to one nation or race, but to all peoples and in- dividuals throughout the world, and the call is to form an entirely new WORLD order, a new type of International Civilization founded upon these Divine Revelations for such is the unequivocal claim. This World Order hav- ing been explicitly outlined, and directions given for its practical working, in the voluminous writings and de- tailed explanations of Baha'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha. In order that the reader may have before him a pic- ture of what this New World Order envisages, I quote a few words from The Goal of the New World Order written by Shoghi Eff endi, the Guardian of the Baha'i Faith, in 1931. He quotes from Baha'U'llah's Tablet to Queen Victoria, written about 1866, as follows: "O kings of the earth! We see you adding every year unto your expenditures and laying the burden thereof on the people whom ye rule; verily this is naught but grievous injustice. Fear the sighs and tears of this Wronged One, and burden not your peoples beyond that which they can endure ... Be reconciled among your- selves, that ye may need armaments no more save in a measure to safeguard your territories and domains. Be united, O concourse of the sovereigns of the world, for thereby will the tempest of discord be stilled amongst you and your peoples find rest. Should anyone among you take up arms against another, rise ye all against him, for this is naught but manifest justice/' 2 1 8 Portals To Freedom And Shoghi Effendi comments as follows: "What else could these weighty words signify if they did not point to the inevitable curtailment of unfettered national sovereignty as an indispensable preliminary to the formation of the future Commonwealth of all the nations of the world? Some form of a world Super-State must needs be evolved, in whose favor all the nations of the world will have willingly ceded every claim to make war, certain rights to impose taxation and all rights to maintain armaments, except for purposes of maintaining internal order within their respective dominions. Such a state will have to include within its orbit an International Executive adequate to enforce supreme and unchal- lengeable authority on every recalcitrant member of the Commonwealth; a World Parliament whose members shall be elected by the people in their respective countries and whose election shall be confirmed by their respective governments; and a Supreme Tribunal whose judgement will have a binding effect even in such cases where the parties concerned did not voluntarily agree to submit their case to its consideration. A world community in which all economic barriers will have been permanently demolished and the interdependence of Capital and Labor definitely recognized; in which the clamor of religious fanaticism and strife will have been forever stilled; in which the flame of racial animosity will have been finally extinguished; in which a single code of inter- national law the product of the considered judgment of the world's federated representatives shall have as its sanction the instant and coercive intervention of the com- bined forces of the federated units; and, finally, a world Portals To Freedom 2 1 9 community in which the fury of a capricious and militant nationalism will have been transmuted into an abiding consciousness of world citizenship such indeed, appears, in its broadest outline, the Order anticipated by Baha- 'U'llah, an Order that shall come to be regarded as the fairest fruit of a slowly maturing age." 2 (6) During the 93 years since the Message was an- nounced by the Bab, and in the 74 years since the public announcement of His Mission and station by Baha- 'U'llah, and more noticeably during the sixteen years since the establishment of the function of Guardianship and the inauguration by Shoghi Effendi of the adminis- trative framework of the New World Order, the several millions of enrolled believers in all the countries of the world have been organized into a coherent, steadfast, self-sacrificing army which unreservedly accepts these commands as of divine origin and is prepared to obey them unquestioningly. The attention of the thoughtful ones amongst states- men, scientists and laymen has been noticeably aroused by this unprecedented phenomenon. Year by year this accelerated motion is increasing. There is therefore plainly to be seen growing up in the midst of a world of unrest, confusion and strife; a world of uncertainties and planless effort, the actual appearance of a new type of manhood; a new conception of government and citizen- 2 Goal of the New World Order, pp. 20-21. 220 _ Portals To Freedom _ ship; a new vision of the practical possibilities of human life upon this planet. (7) To whatever cause it may be ascribed it is becom- ing increasingly apparent that many, if not all, of the teachings of Baha'U'llah are being accepted by the broader minds, the wiser statesmen of the world, irrespec- tive of their knowledge of the life, or the acceptance of the station of their Originator. The reader may desire, and is entitled to, a proof of the last assertion. Any complete quotations from men uni- versally accepted as more or less qualified to speak intel- ligently of world affairs would require a large volume. The quotations given are only meant to be indicative of a trend of modern thought which any wide reading will substantiate. "Cooperation must be the leading thought. Not one country only but the world must be organized into one commonwealth. National armaments must disappear and only a sufficient police force remain to keep order. Those countries in which women are most active in public affairs are democratic and peace-loving." Arthur Henderson, President of the Disarma- ment Conference at a dinner given by the Women's Organizations of the Consulta- tive Group. Here two of the commands of Baha'U'llah are sup- ported. Almost the exact wording of Baha'UHah's com- _ fonals To Freedom _ 221 mand is used regarding the method to be followed in dis- arming. Also Baha'U'llah's Words regarding the station of Women in this Day are acknowledged as wise. "The liberal scientific research man's eternal search for truth in its vast, ever-changing forms cannot be too highly encouraged and praised." Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. From his address at the Spring Festival, Uppsala University. This may seem a commonplace to the reader: but when it is remembered that when Baha'U'llah first voiced the Command that the "Independent investigation of Truth" is the first requisite in a divine civilization, such an idea was generally unacceptable. When I was a boy an ener- getic controversy waged for some years over whether Darwin's theory of the Origin of Species could possibly be accepted since it seemed to contradict the story of man's origin as given in Genesis. And I seem to remem- ber that even today a certain State in this enlightened country of ours still has a statute quite rigidily enforced, which is based not upon whether the theory of evolution has an element of truth, but upon whether it can be justi- fied by a prejudiced and ignorant interpretation of words written some thousands of years ago. Galileo, Roger Bacon, Copernicus lived not so long ago and we still have with us the Index Expurgatorius. 222 _ Portals To Freedom _ It is an unquestioned fact that prior to the middle of the i pth Century the final decision as to what consti- tuted Truth was almost exclusively in the hands of ec- clesiastics, and the pursuit of science untrammelled was difficult, to say the least. Not until Baha'U'llah issued His Commands relative to the oneness of science and re- ligion did the freedom of the mind attain its birth. Coin- cidence if you like, but there it is. "The present time is not an economic revolution but a spiritual revolution. We, the people of today, are passing through the most momentous and far-reaching changes that have taken place since the beginning of recorded history. Science has made us the undisputed masters of all the forces of Nature. There is enough grain to feed everybody. There is enough wool to clothe everybody. There is enough stone and mortar to house everybody. And yet the picture all around us is one of vast hopelessness and despair. Something therefore must be wrong with the picture! That is what we say. Would it not perhaps be a little fairer to confess: 'Something is wrong with ourselves?' 'To have or to be! 1 1 shall submit that terrific sentence to all who have eyes to see and ears to hear and that true spiritual courage that is the basis of all permanent progress." Hendrick Van Loon. "To Have or to Be." "It may be that, without freedom from one's self, all other freedom is vain. . . Perhaps in the deeper realiza- tion of our inevitable brotherhood, perhaps in our in- creased awareness of values other than material, there Portals To Freedom 223 may be the germs of a lasting faith by means of which the diverse peoples of this nation may be united in a common purpose. . . . We need a unifying faith by means of which some part of the responsibilities that we are now carrying may be lifted from us, in the light of which our way may be made clearer before us." Margaret Gary Madeira. Atlantic Monthly. "No system of human relationships can succeed if operated in the attitude and with the intention of mutual exploitation. Any system will succeed if operated in the spirit of mutual service; indeed, in this spirit the need of systems would disappear." Jas. H. Cousins. The Young Builder. "In all these spheres the economic, the racial, the international, which in many places overlap there are signs that the golden age is dawning. It will not come automatically. It will come, as reforms have always come, because some heroic souls count not their lives dear in order that they may translate from the ideal to the actual those truths by which Jesus Christ lived and for which He died." D. G. W. Stafford, of University Temple, Seattle, at the Institute of World Affairs. "Not only in relation to our physical needs but in relation also to our mental needs does our new inter- related civilization play a vital part. Spiritually we can- not go back to the water-tight divisions, to the narrow loyalties, to the little sectarianisms which characterized the old way of life. 224 Portals To Freedom A new and wider trail has been blazed; and while there will undoubtedly be an occasional loss of direction, as there is at the present moment, the trend toward a world economy and a planetary consciousness is too definitely under way to be permanently reversed. Raymond B. Fosdick. Scientific American. It would be possible to continue such quotations al- most indefinitely, and to cap each one with the definite command of Baha'U'llah; but surely any unprejudiced mind, after even a cursory study of the writings of Baha- 'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha, will find innumerable examples of the fulfilment of their commands in the daily press, current magazines, the announcements from laboratory, national council chambers, the work rooms of inventor, and mechanic; "Whether we look or whether we listen" we see and hear on every hand the fulfilment of Their Words, the obedience to Their Commands. While 'Abdu'1-Baha was in this country He said to one who mourned the conditions prevailing throughout the world, then in far less distress than now, that we should not be disturbed, that whatever may occur in the future we must know always that nothing happens that does not forward the Kingdom of Baha'U'llah. His Will is su- preme. Speaking in Montclair, N.J., June 23, 1912, 'Abdu'l- Baha said: Portals To Freedom 225 "None of the Prophets of God were famous men but they were unique in spiritual power. Love is the eternal sovereignty. Love is the divine power. By it all the kings of the earth are overthrown and conquered. What evidence of this could be greater than the accomplish- ment of Bahd'U'lldh? He appeared in the East and was exiled. He was sent to the prison of 'Akka in Palestine. Two powerful despotic kings arose against Him. During His exile and imprisonment He wrote Tablets of authority to the Kings and rulers of the world, announcing His spiritual sovereignty, establishing the religion of God, upraising the heavenly banners of the Cause of God." 1 Again speaking at a dinner in Washington, D.C., April 22, 1912, only ten days after His arrival in this country, He said: "Today in this meeting we have an evidence of how Baha'U'llah through the power of the Love of God has exercised a wonderful spiritual influence throughout the world. From the remotest parts of Persia and the Orient He has caused men to come to this table to meet with the people of the West in the utmost love, affection and harmony. Behold how the power of Baha'U'llah has brought the East and the West together. And 'Abdu'l- Baha is standing, serving you. There is neither rod nor blow, whip nor sword; but the power of the Love of God has accomplished this." 2 1 Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. i, p. 206. 2 Ibid., p. 40. 226 Portals To Freedom The point I am endeavoring to make is this: That Baha'U'llah lays claim to a Divine Power which over- rules men and nations; that this Power is the power of the Love of God; that everything that is happening in this world today is evidence of that overruling Power; that investigation of the Commands and foresight of Baha- 'U'llah and His Exemplar compared with the events transpiring in the world since 1853 will bear testimony to the effectiveness of that Power, and finally, that there is unmistakable evidence on every hand; in every quarter of the globe; amongst every type of mind and every ac- tivity, that world opinion is moving with accelerated mo- tion into line with a world order exactly corresponding to the plan outlined by Baha'U'llah, promulgated and ex- emplified by 'Abdu'1-Baha, and now, at this very moment, being organized, administrated and operated by His grandson, Shoghi Eff endi, from the international center at Haifa, Palestine. What, then, is the complete picture of the situation? It is beyond the bounds of the human mind to give this picture in its fulness, and beyond the limits of this book even to portray so much of it as is within these bounds. But enough has been pointed out to allow for a brief and graphic picture of its essential elements. We see a small group numbering several millions of souls, scattered in all parts of the world, composed of every nation, race and creed, without reservation accept- ing Baha'U'llah as the Supreme Law-giver for the world organization of a new order of civilization, and ready to sacrifice all, even to life itself in His service. Balancing Portals To Freedom 227 this, and working in complete harmony with it, we see the League of Nations gradually coming into line with these Laws; we see world opinion coming to a realization that such laws are indispensable if any true civilization is to exist, and we see the framework of that new order actually growing rapidly before our very eyes under the administration of Shoghi Eff endi. Let him who reads in- vestigate with open mind and ask himself whether such a movement may with wisdom be neglected. To return to the scene on the S. S. Celtic. When 'Abdu'1-Baha had finished His brief talk He requested all present to come to Him that He might take their hands in a parting expression of His love. How impressive that scene, how filled with a significance beyond words to ex- press, how fragrant with an atmosphere of a world far removed from the sordid world around us, may only be intimated. We slowly passed in front of Him. To each He gave a handful of the flowers massed near Him of which, by- the-way, none remained when He had finished and to each He spoke a few words of love and encouragement. When my own turn came I again forgot all but His near- ness and the overwhelming fact that never again in this world would I see Him, or hear that beloved voice. I impulsively dropped to a knee, raised His hand with mine and placed it upon my head. Never shall I forget the relaxation of that arm and hand. It made no move of itself. It was a dead weight in my clasp. But His face was illumined with transcendent light. Here was my final, indelible impression of that su- 228 Portals To Freedom preme humility, evanescence, servitude and love which ever characterized His slightest act, and which never failed. The friends gathered on the wharf looked up at the figure of their Master as the ship slowly moved into the river. 'Abdu'1-Baha stood at the rail, His white hair and beard moved by the breeze, His erect, majestic figure out- lined clearly. In His hand I noticed the rosary which was His constant companion. His lips were moving. I could easily read tHose lips. "Allah'u' Abha!" "Allah'u* Abha!" "God the Most Glorious!" "God the Most Glorious!" _ Portals To Freedom _ 229 Chapter Fifteen BY THEIR FRUITS SHALL YE KNOW THEM. FOUR TABLETS. "If ye believe in Me I will make you the friends of My soul in the Realm of My Greatness and the com- panions of My Perfection in the Kingdom of My Might forever." Bah* 'U'llah. IT WAS about two or three months after 'Abdu'l- Baha had left America that I came into the realiza- tion, a conviction which has never since wavered for an instant, of the respective stations of the Bab, as the "First Point" of Light on the horizon of the New Day; of Baha- 'U'llah, "The Glory of God," as the "Manifestation of the Lights of the Essence in the Mirror of Names and At- tributes," and of His Son, 'Abdu'1-Baha as the Center of His Covenant, the divinely appointed exemplar, the per- fect Man, whose mission it was to manifest the beauty of holiness in the station of perfect servitude to God and man "I am the servant of the servants of God." Strangely enough this conviction was the direct out- come of spiritual service. It became overwhelmingly ap- 230 Portals To Freedom parent that for the first time in my ministry I was able, in a deeply transforming manner, to assist souls strug- gling in the grasp of temptation, sorrow, perplexity of mind and confused with all the intricate problems of life and death. A spiritual intuition seemed to have been born un- doubtedly derived from the sublime Words upon which my spirit had been feeding for many months, and still more from the personal teachings and example of 'Abdu'l- Baha, that gave to those words that poignancy which attracted and melted hearts. I suppose the old terminology might have used the term: "the gift of the Holy Spirit" to describe this marvelous happening. All that I know is that it was an entirely new and very humbling experience. The teachings and example of 'Abdu'1-Baha colored and influenced all relations with my kind. I saw even my weak attempts to adapt the teachings I had received to the needs of individual souls result so effectually that I was filled with a sensation of mingled awe and joy so new, so overwhelming, that I was carried as if on a torrent of absolute conviction into such an atmosphere of certitude that every vestige of my former doubts and uncertainties vanished as if they had never been. A Voice whispered across the ages in my deepest soul: "Men do not gather grapes of thorns, nor figs from thistles." When one sees with his own eyes human souls awakened, hearts touched with a divine afflatus, lives deeply affected, sorrow trans- formed into content, inward strife and turbulence calmed, by the Words taken from the prayers and explanations of these Divine Ones, and applied like a soothing oint- ment to the wounds of the soul, to doubt the Spirit from Portals To Freedom 231 which they emanated would have been to doubt all the prophets of the past; would have been to cast discredit on the Sermon on the Mount and on all Christian tradi- tion. "If this is not of God," I said to myself, "then there is no foundation for faith in God. I would rather be wrong with this great Faith than seemingly right with all the doubters and cavillers in the world." From the very depths of my being there came the cry as uttered by the firm believers of old: "My Lord and my God!" Moreover, in my own life such a new orientation oc- curred that all events and circumstances; all thoughts and expressions; all people and conversations acquired a new significance and a new purport. It seemed as though there gradually took shape, underlying the smallest as well as the more important events of daily life, a something solid, an assurance of it all being well in spite of outward seem- ing, which transformed the world. "He had set my feet upon a rock and established my going." I remember that one of the members of my family greeted me one morning, as I entered the room, with the surprised ejaculation: "Well, what's the good news?" I suppose my face and bearing was that of one who had just received the announcement of exceeding good fortune. The meaning of the Words which I had so often quoted in the more or less perfunctory manner of the theologian came to me with a novel and striking significance: "Be- hold I bring you glad tidings of great joy!" And the words of Baha'U'llah expressing this same source of supreme happiness: "This is that which is the spring of all the gladness of the world." 232 Portals To Freedom But it was undoubtedly the receipt of a third Tablet from the Master which completed my subjugation. I quote it simply with the prefatory remark that all com- munications from 'Abdu'1-Baha are universal and may be read by any soul and applied to himself if he fulfills the conditions of the sincere seeker. "O them my heavenly son: Thy letter was received. It was a rose-garden from which the sweet fragrances of the love of God were inhaled. It indicated that you have held a meeting with the utmost joy and fragrance. Your aim is the diffusion of the light of guidance; the resurrection of the dead hearts, the promotion of the oneness of the world of humanity and the elucidation of Truth. Unquestionably you will become confirmed therein and assisted by the invisible powers. I have prayed on thy behalf that thou mayest become the minister of the Temple of the Kingdom and the herald of the Lord of Hosts; that thou mayest build a monastery in heaven and lay the foundation of a convent in the Universe of the Placeless; in all thy affairs that thou mayest become inspired by the Breaths of the Holy Spirit, and that thou mayest become so illumined that the eyes of all the ministers be dazzled by thy brilliancy, and may long to attain to thy station. Thou art always in my memory. I shall never forget the days of our meeting. Endeavor as much as thou canst that thou mayest master the Principles of Baha'lTllah, promulgate them all over that continent, create love and unity between Portals To Freedom 233 the believers, guiding the people, awakening the heed- less ones and resurrecting the dead. Convey on my behalf the utmost longing to all the friends of God. Upon thee be the Glory of the Most Glorious." (Signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha Abbas. Aside from the apparent fact that this letter was a call, a summons, a Trumpet-peal from a higher realm to advance to "come along up" the meaning, the inner sig- nificance, of some of the phrases used eluded me com- pletely at the time and still remain only dimly appre- hended. "Assisted by the Invisible Powers" "Minister of the Temple of the Kingdom" "A monastery in heaven" and a "convent in the Universe of the Placeless" what could such strange phrases mean? As the years have passed and more and more thoroughly I have become impregnated with the Divine Utterances of Baha'U'llah and 'Abdu'1-Baha a meaning has emerged, elusive yet definite; vague yet alluring beyond words in its appeal to the spirit. What if the orchestra is veiled behind its screen of divine roses, is the music less entranc- ing, or the certainty that there is an orchestra there less convincing because of that? In order that the reader may inhale the perfume from those roses and, perchance, hear with the inner ear the strains from that hidden orchestra, let me quote two pas- sages from the Words of 'Abdu'1-Baha. 234 Portals To Freedom On April 30th, 1912, He spoke in Chicago, at a meet- ing of the Baha'i Temple Unity Convention. From this I quote: "Among the institutes of the Holy Books is that of the foundation of the Divine Temple. This is conducive to unity and fellowship among men. The real Temple is the very Law of God, for to that all humanity must resort, and that is the Point of Unity for all mankind. That is the Collective Center. That is the cause of accord and unity of the hearts. That is the cause of the solidarity of the human race. That is the source of eternal Life. Temples are the symbols of that uniting force, in order that when people gather there in a given edifice of God, in the House and Temple of God, they may recall the fact that the Law has been revealed for them and that the Law is to unite them. That just as this edifice was founded for the unification of mankind, the Law preced- ing and creating this Temple was issued therefor." Again: 'Abdu'1-Baha wrote to an American believer who had asked regarding her membership in a Christian church: "Know thou: in the day of the Manifestation of Christ many souls became portionless and deprived be- cause they were members of the Holy of Holies in Jerusalem. Because of that membership (standing for exclusiveness and prejudice) they became veiled from Portals To Freedom 235 His Brilliant Beauty. Therefore turn thy face to the Church of God, which consists of divine instructions and merciful exhortations. 1 For what similarity is there be- tween the church of stone and cement, and the Celestial Holy of Holies? Endeavor that thou mayest enter this Church of God. Although thou hast given oath to attend the (material) church, yet thy spirit is under the Covenant and Testament of the spiritual, divine Temple. Thou shouldest protect this. The reality of Christ is the Words of the Holy Spirit. If thou art able, take a por- tion thereof." Does not a new significance attend the words of John the divine, as he attempted to portray in symbolic words the coming of the Kingdom upon earth? "And I saw no temple therein; for the Lord God Almighty is the Temple of it." "And the City had no need of the sun for the Glory of God did lighten it." (Let it be remembered that the literal translation of the title "Bahi'U'llah" is "the Glory of God.") To be a "minister" of the Temple of this Kingdom, then, is simply to be an adherent and promulgator of the Law of Unity and Love laid down as compulsory upon all sincere believers in the One God; to be assisted by the "Invisible Powers" is to be surrounded by those eternal forces which ever support the courageous warriors for Truth; to build a "Monastery in Heaven" and a "Convent in the Universe of the Placeless" is to build such spiritual fortresses of detachment and severance for the souls of 1 Italics are mine. 236 Portals To Freedom men that "while living upon the earth they may truly be in heaven." To be such a minister is the prerogative of every be- liever in the Words of God and the sincere follower of His Light. What a glorious world this "mound of earth" will be when all men attain even to a glimmer of this Light! Two months later a fourth Tablet was received which again opened Portals to Freedom into a world of increas- ing Light and Beauty. "O thou my respected son: The letter that thou hast written with the utmost love became the cause of perfect happiness. Truly, I say, thou art striving with heart and soul, to obtain the good pleasure of God. It is assured that this blessed intention will have great effect. The good intention is like an ignited candle whose rays are cast to all parts. Now, praise be to God, that thou hast manifested the utmost effort so that thou mayest light a candle of guidance in that region; plant a tree of the utmost freshness and delicacy in the garden of the world of humanity; call the people to the divine Kingdom; become the means of the progress of intellects and souls; gather the lost sheep under the protection of the Real Shepherd; cause the awakening of the sleepy ones; bestow health upon those who are spiritually sick; enlarge the sphere of human minds; refine the moral fibre of the people and direct the wander- ing birds to the rose-garden of Reality. Rest thou assured that the Eternal Outpouring shall Portals To Freedom _ 237 descend upon thee, and the Confirmations of His Holi- ness Baha'U'llah shall encircle thee. Convey to all the believers the wonderful 'Abha greet- ings. Upon thee be the Glory of the Most Glorious." (Signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha Abbas Mt. Carmel, Haifa, Syria, March 3ist, 1914. Again a Call! Again a summons to dwell and work in a higher world! There are three of these Commands for as such I have always understood and accepted them which partic- ularly impressed me at the time, and which ever since have been a subconscious influence upon my meditations and activities. They are these: "Become the means of the progress of intellects and souls." "Enlarge the sphere of human minds." "Refine the moral fibre of the people." It needs but the most cursory observation of average humanity to realize the static nature of its mind, its cumbrousness, its inability to move out of its chosen or enforced rut. The mental and spiritual "Sphere" in which most of us function is a very narrow one. Our horizon is limited by our personal interests. True, the student and philosopher go beyond this and pigeon-hole their knowl- edge and pride themselves upon their "liberality" of view, but when it comes to action their horizon also is limited by personal considerations. I do not forget the saints and 238 Portals To Freedom heroes of all time who have placed Truth above self, family and life. But neither do I forget that the portion of such has ever been the stake, the dungeon and the Cross. And, alas, it would seem that neither do "the simple ones whom men call savants" (as Baha'U'llah so trenchantly observes) forget it either. They follow Truth just so far as "her ways are ways of pleasantness and all her paths are peace," but hesitate when the finger of scorn points or possessions are threatened, or family deserts. Far be it from me to criticize or cavil at this funda- mental quality of a nature common to us all. I simply point out this incontrovertible fact and that this attitude, according to the dictum of all the great and holy ones of the ages, is due to ignorance. Ignorance of the true nature of Life; ignorance of its infinite horizons; ignorance of its origins in the unimaginably distant past as well as of its equally unimaginable glorious future in "all the worlds of God." It is this to which 'Abdu'1-Baha refers when He calls one to "Become the means of the progress of intellects and souls," and "to enlarge the sphere of human minds." As to His summons to "refine the moral fibre of the people": surely none may doubt the average flaccidity of that fibre. Our estimates of any moral issue are almost invariably decided by its personal reaction. If we test our sense of justice, for instance, by Baha'U'llah's definition: "Wert thou to observe justice choose for others that which thou choosest for thyself," 2 how many of us would 2 Words of Wisdom, Bahd'U'Uah. Portals To Freedom 239 measure up? From the automobile driver in an accident whose first instinct is to blame the other party, to the judge on the bench whose decisions are apt to be colored by its political results, all are tarred by the same brush. And again the reason is to be found in the limited sphere of the mind. Those who do so are simply short-sighted. Their horizon is too narrow, too limited by immediate considerations, to see clearly the inevitable results. It is these results which have plainly been written on the pages of all history, the cumulative effects of which have now thrown the world into disastrous confusion and misery. Surely if ever there were a greater need than this, that the moral fibre of the people be refined to a point where it shall be cleansed from those elements foreign to man's higher and divine nature, and He "stand forth pure and unsullied by the dross of selfishness" it would be difficult to find. The most impressive of the Tablets received from 'Abdu'1-Baha came to me just about the time of the out- break of the World War, early in August of 1914. It is as follows: "O thou respected personage: Thy letter was received. Its perusal imparted to me great hopefulness, for from its contents it became mani- fest that through the effects of thy entrance into the Divine Kingdom thou art progressing day by day. When this progress shall become perpetual and con- tinual, then thou shalt find the Most Great Center in the Universe of God, and shalt clearly behold the Con- 240 Portals To Freedom formations of the Holy Spirit. Thou shalt be baptized in the Fountain of Life and shalt be freed from all the laws of the world of nature. Thou shalt become illumined, merciful, heavenly a radiant candle in the world of humanity. Endeavor as much as possible to liberate thyself wholly from human susceptibilities so that the powers of the Kingdom may gain control over thy heart and thy spirit to such a degree that although thou art living on the face of the earth, yet thou mayest truly be in heaven; that although outwardly thou art composed of material elements, yet spiritually thou mayest become composed of heavenly elements. This is the everlasting glory of man! This is the eternal sublimity in the world of existence! This is the never-ending Life! This is the Spirit incarnated in the heart of humanity! Upon thee be the Glory of the Most Glorious." (Signed) 'Abdu'1-Baha Abbas Home of 'Abdu'1-Baha, Haifa, Syria, July 1 6th, 1914. It seems impossible to imagine a higher mandate, a more provocative appeal, a more stimulating and suggestive contrast to ordinary ideals or modes of thought. There is a galvanic quality to such phrases as "Find the Most Great Center in the Universe of God," "Be freed from all the laws of the world of nature," and "Liberate thy- self wholly from human susceptibilities." And what shall be said regarding the hope emphatically proffered that Portals To Freedom 241 under certain conditions it is possible that the "Powers of the Kingdom," those higher Laws and their active ex- ponents of a Celestial World, may so "gain control" of one's being that he may actually become composed of different and holy elements, and may walk this world outwardly its denizen but inwardly guided and motivated by influences and powers emanating from a far higher and more real world. It is possible that the reader may consider such ideas as fantastic. Nor should that be an incomprehensible at- titude unless he has some knowledge of the lives and teachings of Baha'U'llah and His Son, and I may empha- tically add the lives and martyrdoms of thousands of their followers and lovers. As for myself: I have seen with my own eyes a Life so far above the sort of life lived by the ordinary man that any comparison based on its activation by ordinary motives is incredible. 'Abdu'1-Baha certainly revolved around a "Center" vastly different from the ego- centeredness of mankind. He, while outwardly clothed in man's habiliments, inwardly was palpably clothed with the "characteristics of God." So plainly was He free from "all the laws of the world of nature" and liberated from captivity to "human susceptibilities" that one could not be in the same room with Him and not feel the atmos- phere of a higher, calmer, nobler world radiating from Him. What, then, shall be our reaction when He calls us to join Him in that World of the Spirit? One of only three attitudes seems to be possible: (a) He was a visionary, Portals To Freedom an impractical idealist and not to be taken seriously. (b) He was unique in type and capabilities and spoke and acted from a background of wisdom and capacity unattainable by other men. (c) He was a Herald of a World of Reality of which this phenomenal world is like an upside-down reflection; a Summoner to all men to leave the seeming and live on the plane of the Real; an Exemplar to humanity that such an utter alteration of orientation is not only possible but imperative if any meas- ure of happiness, tranquillity, wisdom and prosperity is to be attained. Let us examine each of these possibilities, for there are no others and we must decide on one of them, unless we are willing to dodge the issue entirely and refuse to think. (a) 'Abdu'l-Baha's whole life contradicted this assump- tion that He was a visionary, an impractical idealist. When He addressed the student body at Leland Stanford University He was introduced by its president, David Starr Jordan, in these words: " 'Abdu'1-Baha will surely unite the East and the West for He treads the mystical 'way ^with practical feet." He was a successful business man and was often consulted by other men, not believers by the way, as to the conduct of their businesses. One of His outstanding characteristics was a calm judgment in all material affairs; a poise in dealing with men and occasions of all kinds unrivaled by the most astute of captains of industry. He has been known to go into the kitchen and prepare a meal for His guests. He never failed in such small attentions as seeing that the room where His visitors were entertained contained every possible Portals To Freedom 243 comfort, though He paid no attention to His own comfort. In short, the slightest investigation into the facts will force the conclusion that our first hypothesis is untenable. (b) That He was possessed of powers more than human and therefore we could not be expected to be like Him. This is the easy explanation. It is the "alibi" so often used by those who demand an excuse for the discrepancy between their ideals and actions. The modern term for this kind of thing is "rationalizing." The difficulty of accepting it is that by its acceptance we automatically reject the teachings and example of all the great souls of the past and present. To those bred in the Christian tradition it means the placing of the Christ in the category of an unapproachable perfection and pay no regard to His constant reiteration of the necessity for "walking in His way," "loving one another as I have loved you," "taking up one's cross daily and following Me." It is also to disregard the philosophies of the noblest of mankind who make no claims to divine authority. Such men as Socrates, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, Emerson, and countless others whose lives have proven the possibility of approximating deeds to words. And worst of all results from such a decision, or so it seems to the writer at least, is the degrading corollary that man's progress has ceased; that the present condition of the world, which is due to man's disregard of, and unbelief in, any such world as 'Abdu'1-Baha intimates in the above Tablet, is the normal and unchangeable condi- tion. It means that the "laws of the world of nature" are 244 Portals To Freedom irrevocable; that it is man's proper state for him "to be red in tooth and claw with ravin"; that there is no destiny beyond the grave and consequently no higher world of activity for which to prepare. No! To me this is an unthinkable, a monstrous conclu- sion. Let us examine without prejudice the third hypothesis, namely, that Baha'U'llah came into the world as the latest of the long line of Revelators of the Divine Will for the express purpose of opening to men the world of Reality; to focus the attention of men upon a type of life, a sphere of activity which heretofore has remained more or less in the background of men's effective energies, and that His Son, 'Abdu'1-Baha, is the living proof of man's ability to live and move and work in that World of Reality and thus build in actuality that Kingdom on earth which Jesus told us to expect and for which He commanded us to petition. To this writer such an hypothesis is not only satisfying but supremely rational and understandable. That there is such a sphere of action (which is what is meant by the term "World") is abundantly demonstrated not only by the peaks of humanity but in varying degrees by every human soul. Man's selfishness ("that strange disease," as 'Abdu'1-Baha designates it) has heretofore clouded that World, but within the last half -century more and more Its Light has shone. Our Red Cross society, our Inter- national Peace organizations, The League of Nations, even our Community Chests, are demonstrating its existence and influential power. Baha'U'llah has simply called all men to make that _ Portals To Freedom _ 245 sphere of action the realm in which they shall constantly and consciously move, speak and act. In effect He says to us: "You have tried it in a small degree, why not extend it to embrace every detail of life?" In order that this may be accomplished, is it not plain that guidance is necessary? This complex world is very sick. It is dying from lack of a skilled physician. Its disease is so complicated, so affecting every part and organ, and the attending physicians the statesmen, moralists and idealists so ignorant of the underlying causes, that im- minent dissolution is impending. Shall we come to the despairing conclusion that there is no wise Physician? Shall we supinely acquiesce that this dissolution is as- sured, and stand with watch in hand at the bedside of the dying patient awaiting the inevitable hour? Or shall we, possibly as a last desperate resort, if our faithless souls so wish to call it, turn to One who at least lays claim to ability to diagnose and prescribe? One who declares over and over again in Words of matchless power and elo- quence His Divine Power to heal? From many such I quote: "That which the Lord hath ordained as the sovereign remedy and mightiest instrument for the healing of all the world is the union of all its peoples in one universal Cause, one common Faith. This can in no wise be achieved except through the power of a skilled, an all- powerful and inspired Physician. This, verily, is the truth, and all else is naught but error." Gleanings from the writings of Baha'U'llah, p. 255. 8 8 Promulgation of Univ. Peace, Vol. i, p. 17. 246 Portals To Freedom And 'Abdu'1-Baha says: "The body of the human world is sick. Its remedy and healing will be the oneness of the kingdom of humanity. Its life is 'The Most Great Peace.' Its illumina- tion and quickening is love. Its happiness is the attainment of spiritual perfections. It is my hope that through the bounties and favors of the Blessed Perfection (one 'of the titles of Baha'U'llah) we may find a new life, acquire a new power and attain to a wonderful and supreme source of energy so that the 'Most Great Peace' of divine intention shall be established upon the foundation of the unity of the world of men with God." And not only does Baha'U'llah claim the ability to diagnose and heal, but also the Supreme Authority to command, to lead, to conquer. "O kings of the earth! The Most Great Law hath been revealed in this spot, this scene of transcendent splendor. Every hidden thing hath been brought to light, by virtue of the Will of the Supreme Ordainer, He who hath ushered in the Last Hour, and every irrevocable decree expounded. "Ye are but vassals, O kings of the earth! He who is the King of kings hath appeared, arrayed in His most wondrous Glory, and is summoning you unto Himself, the Help in peril, the Self-Subsisting." Baha'U'llah to the rulers. Gleanings from the writings of Baha'U'llah, p. 21. P rta } s To Freedom 247 Never in all the history of the Prophets of the past have such tremendous affirmations been made, such Divine Authority been claimed, such power demonstrated. And let us not forget that for forty years this sublime One bore the persecutions and tortures of cruel kings and priests; that He lived to see thousands of His devoted believers suffer the same fate, even unto death; that throughout all of this long period never did He cease proclaiming His Divine Mission with an inflexible determination and an unconquerable Majesty which humbled in the end even His worst enemies. Let those who have shed one drop of blood in upholding their ideal of Truth be the first doubters! To those who see "with the eye of God," who possess that spiritual vision without which we are as "those who having eyes see not," is revealed that World of Reality whose "Most Great Center" is the Manifestation of God in this great Day of His Revelation. We have been revolving around such limited centers, such petty interests, that our horizons have been circum- scribed to such an extent that it is all but impossible for us to conceive a "Most Great Center" attaining to which we view the "Universe of God" spread before our won- dering eyes, and scan a "Supreme Horizon" including all the sons of men; in the Light of which, the Glory of which, all problems are solved, all flames of strife extin- guished in that unity and love which is the basis of the Laws of the universe. 4 4 See Baha'i Scriptures, p. 435. 248 _ Portals To Freedom _ Nevertheless, the Christs of the ages, the Guides and Leaders of mankind, have ever insisted on the reality, the supremacy of this Divine World. Let such as are men of courage and action obey and follow them! In September of 1916, when the World War was at its height, and communication between the Orient and Occident was difficult, I received a postal-card from the secretary of 'Abdu'1-Baha, containing His final Tablet to me. It was not signed by Him and the original has not yet come to my hand, so I transcribe the postal-card as I received it so that the record may be complete. Haifa, Syria, June zzd, 1916. "My dear brother in the Cause of humanity: The reports of your services, your travels and lectures are most stimulating to the friends in the Holy Land and conducive to the happiness of the heart of 'Abdul- Baha. He loves you and prays for your spiritual success and prosperity. He has revealed a wonderful Tablet in your name, the translation of which is the following: O thou speaker in the Temple of the Kingdom! Praise be to God that most of the time thou art traveling, going from city to city raising the melody of the Kingdom in meetings and churches, and announcing the glad-tidings of Heaven. It is recorded in the Gospel that John the Baptist was crying in the wilderness: "Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make His Paths straight, for the Kingdom of God is at hand." 'Abdu'1-Baha Standing Before His Home, Haifa, Palestine Portals To Freedom 249 He was crying in the wilderness, but thou art crying in populous cities. Although the ministers have brilliant crowns on their heads, yet it is my .hope that thou mayest crown thy head with the diadem of the Kingdom such a diadem whose brilliant jewels may illuminate the dark passages of future centuries and cycles. God says in His great Book, Qur'an, "He especializes with His Mercy whomsoever He willeth." That is, God distinguisheth with His favor and bestowal a number of souls and marks them with His own seal of approval. A similar statement is revealed in the Gospel: "Many are called but few are chosen." Now, praise be to God that thou art one of those "few." Appreciate thou the value of this bounty, and occupy thy time as much as thou canst in the diffusion of the fragrances of God." Upon thee be greetings and praise. (Signed) 'Adu'1-Baha* Abbds. 250 Portals To Freedom Chapter Sixteen CONCLUSION "The holy Manifestations of God come into the world to dispel the darkness of the animal, or physical, nature of man, to purify him from his imperfections, in order that his heavenly and spiritual nature may become quickened, his divine qualities awakened, his perfections visible, his potential powers revealed and all the virtues of the world of humanity latent within him may come to life." 'Abdu'1-Bahd. SO here is the story. Not what it should be as an at- tempt towards the portrayal of what, to me, has seemed the perfect life, but so far as the influence which that Life has had upon my own, it has been unreserved. For eight months that Figure moved before me. In spite of the 25 years that have elapsed, still is it distinct and vital. Memory has pictures which words may never paint. However sadly incomplete and inadequate the endeavor to portray that Life may be, it has been a great happiness to make the attempt. I lay it before the reader with sincere humility and love. How could such a picture be complete? The brief span Portals To Freedom 251 of years which we dare to speak of as "life" is so confused with details foreign to the true issues involved that when there enters upon this scene One who lives with calm assurance in a World in which confusion is unknown, yet who understands the turmoil of men's hearts and knows the remedy, how could it be possible for one still in that anarchy of thought and action adequately to por- tray Him who brings illumination? How draw the picture graphically? How make others see and hear as He did? To me there is only one way in which that Life may even feebly be understood. An assumption must be made and a clear-cut conviction arrived at. This may be simply stated. It is this: The world of phenomena, the "contingent world," the world as ordinarily accepted, is not the real world. Tin life we live from day to day with its monotonous round of eating and drinking; its sleeping and waking hours; its routine of work, play, study, birth and death; its varie- ties of poverty and wealth, of learned and ignorant, of powerful and weak all this is a mask hiding the face of Reality. The endless attempts to solve the riddle clothed in high-sounding titles Philosophy, Education, Science, Statesmanship are all a species of groping in the dark. Life does not "begin at 40," it begins in God. We do not "live on 24 hours a day"; "In Him we live and move and have our being," and ages of preparation precede this little "life," and ages to come are its fulfillment. Scholasticism provides no answer to the demands of men for a satisfaction of those primal needs of the spirit. 252 Portals To Freedom Religion, as generally understood being, as it is, a mix- ture of tradition, social convention, and more or less cor- rect estimates of the immediate problems confronting the people, and all savored with a salt which has lost its savor provides no satisfaction to the hungry souls of men. In all this confusion of thought and action no rock is found upon which man may plant his spiritual feet and be con- fident in his treading. If this is not the real world where is it? What is it? How find it? As I have intimated, the answer is plain enough to those who are not entirely "submerged in the sea of materialism." Most of mankind may be likened to a man lost in a London fog so that the well-known way to his own door is blotted out. The fog which blinds our spiritual vision is composed of the "selfish disorders, intel- lectual maladies, spiritual sicknesses, imperfections and vices" which surround us and hold us in thralldom. The Prophets of God, the Will and Love of God enshrined in the temple of man, have brought the Light of the Sun of Reality which alone can dissipate the fog, place man upon the right path and free him from that thralldom. The Eternal Christ coming to the aid of distracted humanity about once in every thousand years alone is the Portal to Freedom. Ever to the keen of vision, the quick of hearing, the possessors of heart, His Divine Voice call- ing to enter, His loving hands pointing and assisting, have been apparent. Portals To Freedom 253 Again, in this Day in which we live our little span of years, has the latest of these "Sign-Posts" to the Path de- clared His Mission and issued His Call. It was my inestimable privilege to watch and talk with, for a period of eight months, the Son of Baha'U'llah, the Center of His Covenant, the perfect exemplar of His Word and Life; the One by whom "He hath caused to appear the traces of the Glory of His Kingdom upon the earth." Here I saw a man who, outwardly, like myself, lived in the world of confusion, yet, inwardly, beyond the pos- sibility of doubt, lived and worked in that higher and real world. All His concepts, all His motives, all His actions, derived their springs from that "World of Light." And, which is to me a most inspiring and en- couraging fact, He took it for granted that you and I, the ordinary run-of-the-mill humanity, could enter into and live and move in that world if we would. To those who have read this chronicle with the "eye of heart" some glimmer of conviction may have come that such a world is open to them, such a life may be approximated for themselves, such a portal may be en- tered by their feet, such a freedom be attained. It is with this hope that my story has been told. January 7, 1937.